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January 2011 Briefing - Otolaryngology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Otolaryngology for January 2011. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Diet May Be to Blame for Rise in Asthma Prevalence

FRIDAY, Jan. 28 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of asthma is increasing rapidly, and diet has emerged in the last 15 years as a possible culprit. Researchers explore the relationship between diet and asthma in two articles published in the February issue of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association.

Abstract - Allan/Devereux
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Abstract - Arvaniti
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Electronic Health Records May Not Improve Care Quality

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Electronic health records (EHRs) and clinical decision support (CDS) do not appear to improve the quality of clinical care, according to a study published online Jan. 24 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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Sleep Study May Predict Post-Op Issues in Children

FRIDAY, Jan. 21 (HealthDay News) -- The use of polysomnography (PSG) prior to adenotonsillectomy may be useful in predicting which patients are at increased risk for postoperative respiratory complications following adenotonsillectomy, according to a study published in the January issue of Archives of Otolaryngology -- Head & Neck Surgery.

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Daily Use of Xerostomia Device Relieves Oral Dryness

THURSDAY, Jan. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Use of an intraoral electrostimulation device reduces the severity of xerostomia and its associated symptoms, according to a study published in the January issue of Arthritis & Rheumatism.

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New Practice Guidelines for Pediatric Tonsillectomy Patients

MONDAY, Jan. 17 (HealthDay News) -- New evidence-based guidelines surrounding the pre-, intra-, and postoperative care and management of pediatric patients undergoing tonsillectomy have been published in a supplement to the January issue of Otolaryngology -- Head and Neck Surgery.

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CDC Report Highlights Important Health Disparities

THURSDAY, Jan. 13 (HealthDay News) -- Among Americans, disparities in income, race and ethnicity, gender, and other social attributes have an impact on whether an individual is healthy or ill or will die prematurely, according to a report by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, released as a supplement to the Jan. 14 issue of the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Non-Conventional Radiotherapy May Reduce Dry Mouth

THURSDAY, Jan. 13 (HealthDay News) -- Parotid-sparing intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) is less likely than conventional radiotherapy to result in dry mouth in patients treated for head and neck cancer, according to research published online Jan. 13 in The Lancet Oncology.

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Antibiotics Benefit Acute Ear Infections in Young Children

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Children with acute otitis media appear to benefit from antimicrobial treatment with amoxicillin-clavulanate, according to two articles published in the Jan. 13 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Abstract - Tahtinen
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Abstract - Hoberman
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Burnout Levels Particularly High in Residents

MONDAY, Jan. 10 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence of burnout and risk for burnout are high in physicians, particularly residents, and more than a quarter of anesthesiology chairs meet criteria for high burnout, according to two articles published in the January issue of Anesthesiology.

Full Text - Hyman
Full Text - de Oliveira

CPAP Reduces Fatigue in Sleep Apnea Patients

TUESDAY, Jan. 4 (HealthDay News) -- Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) may reduce fatigue and increase energy in individuals with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), according to research published in the January issue of SLEEP.


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