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October 2010 Briefing - Otolaryngology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Otolaryngology for October 2010. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Primary Care Trails Other Specialties in Hourly Wages

TUESDAY, Oct. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Primary care physicians have substantially lower hourly wages than other specialists, and although most physicians find Medicare reimbursement inequitable, they show little consensus on how to reform it, according to two studies published in the Oct. 25 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine.

Abstract - Leigh
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Abstract - Federman
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Microvascular ENT Surgeons Have Low to Moderate Burnout

MONDAY, Oct. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Many microvascular free-flap (MVFF) head and neck surgeons experience moderate professional burnout, although personal accomplishment levels tend to be high, according to research published in the October issue of the Archives of Otolaryngology -- Head & Neck Surgery.

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Sleep Apnea Increases Risk of Post-Surgery Complications

THURSDAY, Oct. 21 (HealthDay News) -- A questionnaire to assess the risk for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) can help identify surgery patients who are at higher risk for postoperative cardiac and pulmonary complications, according to a study in the October issue of the Archives of Otolaryngology -- Head & Neck Surgery.

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Mouse Study Links Proteins to Progressive Hearing Loss

THURSDAY, Oct. 21 (HealthDay News) -- The development of hair cell stereocilia needed for hearing can proceed normally in the absence of either β-actin or γ-actin proteins, but the lack of either protein results in progressive hearing loss with aging, according to a study in mice published Oct. 14 in PLoS Genetics.

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Pneumococcal Meningitis Remains Cause of Deafness

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Although pneumococcal vaccination has reduced invasive disease, pneumococcal meningitis as a cause of deafness among children has not been eliminated, according to a study in the October issue of the Archives of Otolaryngology -- Head & Neck Surgery.

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Newborn Hearing Screening Associated With Benefits

TUESDAY, Oct. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Newborn hearing screening -- compared to distraction hearing screening -- is associated with improved developmental outcomes in 3- to 5-year-olds with permanent hearing impairment, according to research published in the Oct. 20 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Sex Practices Driving Surge in HPV-Linked Oral Cancer

THURSDAY, Oct. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Changing sexual practices, including increased oral sex, multiple sex partners, and an early start of sexual activity, are behind an epidemic of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) linked to sexually transmitted human papillomavirus (HPV), according to an article in the November issue of Emerging Infectious Diseases.

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New Insurance Criteria May Adversely Affect Apnea Patients

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 6 (HealthDay News) -- New local coverage determination (LCD) adherence criteria for continued reimbursement of continuous positive airway pressure after 90 days among patients with obstructive sleep apnea may have a negative impact on their clinical care, according to research published in the October issue of Chest.

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nCPAP for More Than Two Years Tied to Craniofacial Changes

TUESDAY, Oct. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Adults with obstructive sleep apnea using a nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) machine for more than two years may experience significant changes in craniofacial form, according to a study published in the October issue of Chest.

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