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November 2015 Briefing - Pathology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pathology for November 2015. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Air Pollution Raises CVD Risks in Women With Diabetes

MONDAY, Nov. 30, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Long periods of exposure to air pollution -- including dust and car exhaust -- heightens cardiovascular risks for women with diabetes, according to a study published online Nov. 25 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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Neurotoxicity Seen With Acyclovir at Recommended Dose in Dialysis

MONDAY, Nov. 30, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Acyclovir-induced neurotoxicity should be considered for patients with herpes zoster on hemodialysis, according to a case report published online Nov. 21 in the Journal of Dermatology.

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C. Difficile Infection Tied to Higher Risk of Post-Op Mortality

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 25, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Patients at VA hospitals who contracted Clostridium difficile following surgery were five times more likely to die and 12 times more likely to suffer postoperative morbidity, according to findings published online Nov. 25 in JAMA Surgery.

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Impact of Recurrence Score Assay Varies With Patient Age

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 25, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- For women with early-stage breast cancer, the impact of receipt of the 21-gene recurrence score (RS) assay varies with patient age, according to a study published online Nov. 23 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Early-Stage Cervical CA Diagnoses in Young Women Up Since ACA

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 25, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- More early-stage cervical cancers have been diagnosed among young U.S. women since a key provision of the Affordable Care Act went into effect, according to a research letter published in the Nov. 24 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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CDC: PrEP Rx Needs to Increase for Optimal HIV Prevention

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 25, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Too few Americans who are at risk for HIV infection are taking Truvada (emtricitabine and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate) -- a daily pill that could protect them against the virus, and health care providers must help boost patient awareness and use of the drug, federal health officials report.

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Music Can Help Doctors Develop Relationships With Patients

TUESDAY, Nov. 24 2015 (HealthDay News) -- For one physician, writing songs has improved her self-awareness and strengthened her relationships with patients, according to an article published by the American Medical Association.

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Central Sleep Apnea Predicts Atrial Fibrillation in Older Men

TUESDAY, Nov. 24, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Central sleep apnea and Cheyne Stokes respiration predict incident atrial fibrillation in older men, according to a study published online Nov. 23 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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ACP: Physicians Should Prescribe Generic Meds If Possible

TUESDAY, Nov. 24, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians should prescribe generic medications whenever possible, keeping in mind that generics have comparable effectiveness to brand name medications and are associated with reduced costs and increased adherence, according to new guidelines published online Nov. 24 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Universal HCV Opt-Out Screening in Prisons Cost-Effective

TUESDAY, Nov. 24, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Universal opt-out hepatitis C virus (HCV) screening in prisons is cost-effective and can reduce HCV transmission outside of prisons, according to research published online Nov. 24 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Instrument Assesses Competency in Detecting Melanoma

TUESDAY, Nov. 24, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- The Skin Cancer Objective Structured Clinical Examination is a well-developed instrument that can assess medical student competency in detecting melanoma, according to research published in the December issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

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CYP2C19 Polymorphism Impacts Response to PPI Tx in GERD

MONDAY, Nov. 23, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- CYP2C19 polymorphism impacts response to proton pump inhibitor (PPI) treatment in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), with lower efficacy rates for rapid metabolizer (RM) genotypes, according to a study published online Nov. 18 in the Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

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Higher Resting Heart Rate Tied to Higher Risk of Mortality

MONDAY, Nov. 23, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A higher resting heart rate may indicate higher risk of premature mortality, researchers suggest. The report was published online Nov. 23 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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Review Addresses Diagnosis of PCOS in Adolescents

MONDAY, Nov. 23, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Unexplained persistent hyperandrogenic anovulation can be used to diagnose polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in adolescents, according to a review article published online Nov. 23 in Pediatrics.

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Blackcurrant Juice Doesn't Provide Photoprotection

MONDAY, Nov. 23, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Blackcurrant juice consumption with low or high vitamin C content is not associated with photoprotection against ultraviolet (UV) radiation, according to a study published online Nov. 19 in the British Journal of Dermatology.

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Citywide Colon Cancer Control Coalition Ups Screening in NYC

MONDAY, Nov. 23, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A citywide colon cancer control coalition can increase colorectal cancer screening and address health disparities, according to a report published online Nov. 23 in Cancer.

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Individual Glycemic Responses to Foods Found to Differ Greatly

MONDAY, Nov. 23, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- People have very different glycemic responses to the same food -- with some showing large blood glucose spikes even after eating supposedly healthy choices. Researchers said the findings, published in the Nov. 19 issue of Cell, underscore the message that there is no "one-size-fits-all" diet.

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FDA Grants Approval for Genetically Engineered Salmon

FRIDAY, Nov. 20, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved on Thursday a Massachusetts company's request to produce genetically modified salmon.

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Excellent Durability for Direct Immunofluorescence Slides

THURSDAY, Nov. 19, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Direct immunofluorescence (DIF) slides are durable when kept at room temperature for five years, according to a study published in the December issue of the Journal of American Academy of Dermatology.

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Genetic Risk Score Can Differentiate Type 1, 2 Diabetes

FRIDAY, Nov. 20, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A genetic risk score (GRS) can distinguish type 1 diabetes (T1D) from type 2 diabetes (T2D), according to a study published online Nov. 17 in Diabetes Care.

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Plasmid-Mediated Polymyxin Resistance Identified

FRIDAY, Nov. 20, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A new plasmid-mediated polymyxin resistance mechanism, MCR-1, has emerged in Enterobacteriaceae, according to a study published online Nov. 18 in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

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E-Portfolio Developed to Assess Millennial Med Students

THURSDAY, Nov. 19, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Electronic portfolios are being used to transform medical students' assessments and track progress as students advance through medical training, according to a report published by the American Medical Association (AMA).

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Relative Survival Up Over Time for Stage I to III Cervical Cancer

THURSDAY, Nov. 19, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- For women with stage I to III cervical cancer, relative survival has improved over time, although no significant improvements have been seen for women with stage IV tumors, according to a study published in the November issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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New Compound May Help Reduce Side Effects From Levodopa

THURSDAY, Nov. 19, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Animal studies have uncovered a compound that might reduce the adverse effects of levodopa. The research was published in the Nov. 18 issue of Neuron.

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Diabetes Predicts Worse Survival in Renal Cell Carcinoma

THURSDAY, Nov. 19, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Diabetes mellitus is associated with worse prognosis in terms of progression-free, overall, and cancer-specific survival in patients with renal cell carcinoma treated surgically, according to a study published in the December issue of The Journal of Urology.

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Successful Pregnancies Seen With Transfer of Mosaic Embryos

THURSDAY, Nov. 19, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Embryos with a mix of normal and abnormal chromosomes implanted during in vitro fertilization (IVF) can develop into healthy newborns, a small new study suggests. The research was published in the Nov. 19 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Germline Mutations ID'd in 8.5 Percent of Children With Cancer

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 18, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Germline mutations are found in cancer-predisposing genes in 8.5 percent of children and adolescents with cancer, according to a study published online Nov. 18 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Nicotine, Toxicants Up With Smokeless Tobacco Exposure

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 18, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Smokeless tobacco users have higher levels of nicotine and carcinogenic tobacco-specific nitrosamines compared with exclusive cigarette smokers, according to a study published online Nov. 18 in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.

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Pioglitazone Found to Help Some With Unremitting Depression

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 18, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A new small study is adding evidence to the theory that insulin resistance may play a leading role in some cases of depression. Findings from the study were published online Oct. 12 in Psychiatry Research.

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Burnout Reduces Readiness to Change Teaching Approaches

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 18, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Occupational burnout appears to reduce clinical faculty members' readiness to change teaching approaches, according to a study published online Nov. 13 in the Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice.

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Review: El Niño Southern Oscillation Has Effects on Skin

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 18, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- The El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) climate phenomenon impacts skin and skin-related disease, according to a review published in the December issue of the International Journal of Dermatology.

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AAFP: Expected 0.5 Percent Pay Increase Reduced to Zero

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 18, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A small but promised Medicare pay increase has effectively been reduced to zero for all physician specialties, according to the final 2016 Medicare physician fee schedule and a report published by the American Academy of Family Physicians.

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Risk of Anaphylaxis Among IV Iron Products Compared

TUESDAY, Nov. 17, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- The risk of anaphylaxis associated with first exposure to intravenous (IV) iron is highest for iron dextran and lowest for iron sucrose, according to a study published in the Nov. 17 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Testosterone Levels Not Linked to Autonomic Neuropathy in T1DM

TUESDAY, Nov. 17, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- For men with type 1 diabetes, testosterone levels are not associated with cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy (CAN), according to a study published online Nov. 12 in The Journal of Sexual Medicine.

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Prostate Cancer Screening, Detection Both Down in U.S.

TUESDAY, Nov. 17, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Fewer U.S. men are being screened for prostate cancer, and fewer cases of the disease are being diagnosed nationwide. These findings, published in the Nov. 17 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, suggest that the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations have had an impact.

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Prognostic Biomarkers ID'd in Pulmonary Hypertension

TUESDAY, Nov. 17, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Biomarkers have been identified for the risk of lung transplantation and death in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), according to a study published online Oct. 26 in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.

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Reduced Mortality Risk Seen for Coffee Drinkers

TUESDAY, Nov. 17, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- People who drink coffee may live longer than those who don't -- with lower risks of early mortality from cardiovascular disease and neurological conditions such as Parkinson's disease, according to research published online Nov. 16 in Circulation.

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MRI-Ultrasound Fusion Improves Prostate Biopsy Cancer Detection

TUESDAY, Nov. 17, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Magnetic resonance imaging-ultrasound fusion targeted prostate biopsy (MRF-TB) improves detection and risk stratification of high-grade disease and limits detection of clinically insignificant prostate cancer, according to a study published in the December issue of the The Journal of Urology.

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Preventive HIV Treatment Shown Effective at Health Clinics

TUESDAY, Nov. 17, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Real-world application of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) medications appears to be effective for the prevention of HIV, but racial discrepancies exist, new research suggests. The studies appear online Nov. 16 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Continuation of Antibiotics for UTI Often Inappropriate

TUESDAY, Nov. 17, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with urinary tract infections (UTIs), initiation of antibiotics in the emergency department is frequently inappropriate, as is continuation of antibiotics after admission, according to a study published online Nov. 12 in the Journal of Hospital Medicine.

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Head Lice infestation Could Cause Iron Deficiency Anemia

TUESDAY, Nov. 17, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Head lice infestation could cause iron deficiency anemia in the absence of any other cause, according to a case report published online Nov. 5 in BMJ Case Reports.

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Successful Treatment of U.S. Child With XDR Tuberculosis

MONDAY, Nov. 16, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A 5-year-old child from the United States, diagnosed at age 2 with extensively drug-resistant (XDR) tuberculosis after traveling to India, is finally in remission, researchers report. A detailed account of the child's diagnosis and treatment, and the obstacles that clinicians at the Johns Hopkins Children's Center in Baltimore faced, was published in the December issue of The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

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Tick Bites Implicated in Meat Allergy in Japanese Study

MONDAY, Nov. 16, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Tick bites can induce immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibodies to galactose-α-1,3-galactose (α-Gal), a major IgE-binding epitope on red meat allergens, according to a study published online Nov. 9 in Allergy.

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Primary Aldosteronism Screen Cost-Effective in Resistant HTN

MONDAY, Nov. 16, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with resistant hypertension (RH), computed tomography (CT) scanning followed by adrenal venous sampling (AVS) is a cost-effective screen for primary aldosteronism (PA), according to a study published online Nov. 10 in Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes.

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Pre-Op Blood Tests May Predict Post-Op Morbidity in Ovarian CA

MONDAY, Nov. 16, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with ovarian cancer, preoperative thrombocytosis and leukocytosis are associated with increased postoperative morbidity, according to a study published online Nov. 5 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Risk of Fractures Reduced in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

MONDAY, Nov. 16, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- The risk of fractures is reduced in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), according to a study published online Nov. 6 in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

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FDA: Automated Endoscope Reprocessors Recalled

MONDAY, Nov. 16, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly 2,800 machines used to disinfect medical scopes are being recalled because they may put patients at risk for infections, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration says.

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Impaired Kidney Function May Raise Cancer Risk

FRIDAY, Nov. 13, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Kidney failure and having a kidney transplant may increase the risk for certain types of cancer, according to a study published online Nov. 12 in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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CDC: Sharp Increase in U.S. Babies Born With Syphilis

FRIDAY, Nov. 13, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Congenital syphilis cases increased 38 percent between 2012 and 2014, according to research published in the Nov. 13 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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CDC: Adult Smoking Rate Falls to New Low in the United States

FRIDAY, Nov. 13, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Under 17 percent of adults said they smoked in 2014, down from nearly 21 percent in 2005. And the average number of cigarettes smoked daily fell from nearly 17 to fewer than 14 by 2014. The latest numbers are published in the Nov. 13 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Levodopa Shows Promise Against Macular Degeneration

FRIDAY, Nov. 13, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Levodopa (L-dopa) might hold potential for preventing or treating macular degeneration, according to a study published online Oct. 30 in The American Journal of Medicine.

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Urinary Potassium Excretion Tied to Renal, Cardio Risk in T2DM

FRIDAY, Nov. 13, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 2 diabetes, higher urinary potassium excretion is associated with decreased risk of renal and cardiovascular events, according to a study published online Nov. 12 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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Hormonal Status Impacts Genetic Variation, CIMT Link

FRIDAY, Nov. 13, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Hormonal status seems to interact with genetic variants to influence cardiovascular phenotypes, especially those within the innate immunity pathway related to carotid artery intima-medial thickness (CIMT), according to a study published online Oct. 27 in Physiological Genomics.

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Genetic Risk Score IDs Insulin Resistance, Change in IR

FRIDAY, Nov. 13, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A genetic risk score based on 17 established insulin resistance (IR) variants and their effect sizes (weighted IR-GRS) is associated with IR at baseline and change in IR, but does not impact the effect of lifestyle intervention and metformin on IR, according to a study published online Nov. 2 in Diabetes.

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Swiss Report Highlights Danger of Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis

THURSDAY, Nov. 12, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Although antibiotics have largely eradicated tuberculosis (TB) in the United States in recent decades, researchers say evidence is mounting that the bacteria is becoming increasingly resistant to these medications. Details of a recent Swiss case are reported in the Nov. 12 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Prenatal PFOA Exposure Linked to Excess Weight in Children

THURSDAY, Nov. 12, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Children whose mothers were exposed to relatively high levels of perfluorooctanoic (PFOA) during pregnancy have more rapid accumulation of body fat, according to findings published online Nov. 11 in Obesity.

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Newborn Probiotic Use Tied to Lower Risk of Type 1 Diabetes

THURSDAY, Nov. 12, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Adding probiotics to an infant's feedings in the first month of life may reduce the risk of type 1 diabetes for those genetically predisposed to the disease, according to research published online Nov. 9 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Incretin Use May Up Pancreatic CA Risk, but Only in Short Term

THURSDAY, Nov. 12, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- The risk of pancreatic cancer is increased in recent starters of incretins, but the elevated risk drops to baseline levels with prolonged use, according to a study published online Nov. 5 in Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.

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Noon Best Time to Get Vitamin D From Sun for Minimal Cancer Risk

THURSDAY, Nov. 12, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Variations in ultraviolet (UV) A and B radiation with increasing latitude and during the day impact skin cancer risk, according to a study published online Nov. 6 in the International Journal of Dermatology.

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ACP Issues Guidance on 'Concierge' Practices

TUESDAY, Nov. 10, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Direct patient contracting practices (DPCPs), in which patients pay out of pocket for some or all services provided by the practice, are growing in popularity, according to a position paper published online Nov. 10 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Few Adults With Severe Mental Illness Screened for Diabetes

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 11, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- About 30 percent of adults with severe mental illness (SMI) taking antipsychotic medications undergo diabetes-specific screening using validated screening measures, according to a study published online Nov. 9 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Blood Test Has Potential for Detecting Concussion in Children

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 11, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A simple blood test may one day be able to detect concussions in children, according to a study published in the November issue of Academic Emergency Medicine.

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Insufficient Evidence on Silicone Breast Implant Safety

TUESDAY, Nov. 10, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- After years of study, a new analysis finds there is still insufficient evidence on whether silicone breast implants are linked to any long-term health effects. The report, published online Nov. 10 in the Annals of Internal Medicine, is the latest round in the long debate over silicone breast implant safety.

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Case Report Highlights Dangers of Natural Remedies

TUESDAY, Nov. 10, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A case of accidental overdose of an Atropa belladonna preparation highlights the dangers of the use of herbal remedies, according to a case report published online Nov. 5 in BMJ Case Reports.

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Three Renal Biomarkers Predict Outcome in Diabetes

TUESDAY, Nov. 10, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Three renal biomarkers, acute kidney injury (AKI), albuminuria, and low estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), considered separately or together, can predict adverse outcomes in diabetes, according to a study published online Oct. 28 in Diabetes Care.

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Study Explores Comfort With Non In-Person Test Results

MONDAY, Nov. 9, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Patients have different preferences for non in-person receipt of test results, with preferences varying by test, according to a study published in the November-December issue of the Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine.

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Web-Based CBT Program Cuts Suicidal Ideation in Interns

MONDAY, Nov. 9, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A web-based cognitive behavioral therapy (wCBT) program is effective for preventing suicidal ideation among medical interns, according to a study published online Nov. 4 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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Scarlet Fever Incidence Rising in Some Parts of the World

FRIDAY, Nov. 6, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Genome sequencing techniques can shed light on the rise in incidence of scarlet fever-causing bacteria and their increasing resistance to antibiotics, according to research published online Nov. 2 in Scientific Reports.

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Loss of Heterozygosity Validated As Marker for Oral Cancer

FRIDAY, Nov. 6, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Specific loss of heterozygosity (LOH) is a marker for oral cancer risk, according to a study published online Nov. 5 in JAMA Oncology.

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Specific Genetic Alterations in Papillary Renal-Cell Carcinomas

FRIDAY, Nov. 6, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Type 1 and type 2 papillary renal-cell carcinomas are characterized by specific genetic alterations, according to a study published online Nov. 4 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Updated Checklist for Reporting Diagnostic Accuracy Studies

FRIDAY, Nov. 6, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- An updated list of 30 essential items should be included in every report of a diagnostic accuracy study, according to the Standards for Reporting Diagnostic Accuracy Studies (STARD) 2015. These new guidelines have been published in several journals, including Radiology, Clinical Chemistry, and The BMJ.

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Poll: Americans Want Health Care Costs Kept in Check

THURSDAY, Nov. 5, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Most Americans now support aggressive regulation to keep health care costs in check -- including price caps on drugs, medical devices, and payments to doctors and hospitals, a new HealthDay/Harris Poll has found.

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CDC: Tapeworm Implicated in Case of Malignant Transformation

THURSDAY, Nov. 5, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Cancer cells transmitted from a common tapeworm appear to have caused cancer-like tumors in a Colombian man with HIV -- the first known case of malignant transformation, U.S. health officials report in the Nov. 5 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Two Novel Collagen Structures ID'd in Human Corneal Limbus

THURSDAY, Nov. 5, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Two novel collagen structures have been revealed by second harmonic generation (SHG) imaging of the human corneal limbus. The findings were published in the September issue of Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science.

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ACP Joins Amicus Curiae Brief to Supreme Court

THURSDAY, Nov. 5, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- The American College of Physicians (ACP) has joined other organizations in an amicus curiae brief to the Supreme Court, urging the court to uphold considerations of race and ethnicity in the medical school admissions process.

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Metformin Eligibility Up With eGFR Versus Serum Creatinine

THURSDAY, Nov. 5, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Use of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) rather than serum creatinine (sCr) can expand metformin eligibility, according to a study published in the November issue of Diabetes Care.

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Doctors Should Consider Financial Factors Before Career Change

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 4, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Financial and other factors should be considered before physicians change career direction, according to a report published in Medical Economics.

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AMA: 6 Steps to Help Ensure Patients Get Preventive Care

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 4, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Panel management, or population health management, can help physicians provide necessary preventive and chronic care to all patients regardless of their visit frequency, according to a report published by the American Medical Association (AMA).

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SLC16A11 Linked to Type 2 Diabetes in American Indians

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 4, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- SLC16A11 A allele is modestly associated with type 2 diabetes in North American Indians, according to a study published online Oct. 20 in Diabetes.

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HIV Does Not Worsen Outcomes of Liver Transplant in HCC

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 4, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- HIV infection has no impact on prognosis of liver transplantation (LT) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), according to a study published online Oct. 30 in Hepatology.

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Prescription Medication Use on the Rise in the United States

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 4, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- More Americans than ever are taking prescription drugs, as well as using more of them, according to research published in the Nov. 3 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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CDC: Gonorrhea Showing More Resistance to Cefixime

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 4, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's latest tracking suggests that although gonorrhea resistance to the antibiotic treatment cefixime declined between 2011 and 2013, it started to rise again in 2014. The study findings are published as a research letter in the Nov. 3 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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New Electronic Health Record Regulations Released

TUESDAY, Nov. 3, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- New electronic health record (EHR) regulations modify Stage 2 of the meaningful use program and finalize requirements for Stage 3, according to a report published by the American Medical Association (AMA).

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H. pylori Triple Therapy Linked to Erythema Multiforme

TUESDAY, Nov. 3, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Triple therapy for Helicobacter pylori can cause erythema multiforme, according to a case study published online Oct. 28 in The Journal of Dermatology.

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HPV Tied to Pyogenic Granuloma in Patients Without Warts

TUESDAY, Nov. 3, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- In patients without clinical evidence of warts, human papillomavirus type 2 (HPV-2) is associated with pyogenic granuloma, according to a study published online Oct. 22 in the International Journal of Dermatology.

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Stem/Progenitor Cells Can Predict Wound Healing

TUESDAY, Nov. 3, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Stem/progenitor cell (SPC) assays can predict wound healing in diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs), according to a study published online Oct. 20 in Diabetes.

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Age at Menopause, Hormone Therapy Linked to BCC Risk

TUESDAY, Nov. 3, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Late age at natural menopause and menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) use are associated with increased risk of basal cell carcinoma (BCC), according to a study published online Nov. 2 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Competition for Fellowships Broke Records in 2015

MONDAY, Nov. 2, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- According to the American Medical Association (AMA), 2015 was a record-breaking year for fellowship applications.

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Displaying Prices to Providers Seems to Reduce Order Costs

MONDAY, Nov. 2, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Displaying order prices to physicians seems to reduce order costs, according to a review published online Oct. 23 in the Journal of Hospital Medicine.

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Vitiligo Can Mask Symptoms of Acanthosis Nigricans

MONDAY, Nov. 2, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Vitiligo can mask symptoms of acanthosis nigricans (AN), according to a case report published in the November issue of the International Journal of Dermatology.

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Fish Oil Supplementation Doesn't Cut Inflammatory Markers

MONDAY, Nov. 2, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- For healthy adults, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplementation does not reduce common markers of systemic inflammation, according to a study published online Oct. 26 in the Journal of Internal Medicine.

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Prediabetes Linked to Incident Cardiovascular Disease

MONDAY, Nov. 2, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Prediabetes is associated with incident cardiovascular disease (CVD), although correlations vary with ethnicity and prediabetes definition, according to a study published online Oct. 20 in Diabetes Care.

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