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October 2015 Briefing - Pathology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pathology for October 2015. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Increasing Numbers of Med School Applicants, Enrollees

FRIDAY, Oct. 30, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- There has been a 25 percent increase in the number of medical school enrollees since 2002, with the number reaching an all-time high of 20,630 this year, according to a report published online Oct. 22 by the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC).

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Anorexia Nervosa Linked to Some Markers of Oxidative Stress

FRIDAY, Oct. 30, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Some markers of oxidative stress are increased in anorexia nervosa (AN), according to a review published in the November issue of the International Journal of Eating Disorders.

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Three Distinct Subtypes of T2DM Identified

FRIDAY, Oct. 30, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Researchers say they've identified three distinct subgroups of type 2 diabetes by reviewing the health records of more than 11,000 patients. The study findings were published in the Oct. 28 issue of Science Translational Medicine.

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Dry Eye Disease Often Diagnosed in Alopecia Areata

FRIDAY, Oct. 30, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Many patients with alopecia areata are diagnosed with dry eye disease (DED), and patients should be referred for an ophthalmic evaluation, according to a study published in the November issue of the International Journal of Dermatology.

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Some RA Treatments Up Second Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer Risk

THURSDAY, Oct. 29, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) with prior nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC), the risk of second NMSC varies with different treatments, according to a study published online Oct. 28 in JAMA Dermatology.

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Fatal Case of Hidradenitis Suppurativa Described

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 28, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) can be associated with infectious and/or neoplastic fatal complications, according to a case report published online Oct. 16 in the International Journal of Dermatology.

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Nearly 15 Percent of Plans Lack In-Network Specialists

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 28, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A considerable proportion of federal marketplace plans lack at least one in-network specialist, according to a research letter published in the Oct. 27 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Internal Mammary Lymph Nodes ID'd on MRI Likely to Be Benign

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 28, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Among women with breast cancer and silicone implant reconstruction, internal mammary lymph nodes (IMLNs) identified at implant-protocol breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are more likely to be benign than malignant, according to a study published in the November issue of Radiology.

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Lifestyle Factors Not Linked to Chronic Prostatitis/Pelvic Pain

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 28, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Body mass index, waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio, cigarette smoking, and hypertension are not associated with chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome, according to a study published in the November issue of The Journal of Urology.

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Mortality Rates for Major Illnesses Fall in the United States

TUESDAY, Oct. 27, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Fewer Americans are dying from cardiovascular disease, cancer, stroke, diabetes, and injuries, a new study reveals. The report was published in the Oct. 27 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Risk of More Aggressive Ductal Carcinoma in Situ Rises With Age

TUESDAY, Oct. 27, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is much more likely to be aggressive when discovered in older women, according to a report published online Oct. 27 in Radiology.

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Continuing Mailed FOBT Program Ups CRC Screening Adherence

TUESDAY, Oct. 27, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Continuing a centralized mailed fecal occult blood test (FOBT) program is beneficial for improving adherence to colorectal cancer (CRC) screening, according to a study published online Oct. 21 in Cancer.

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Oxidative Stress Inhibits Metastasis by Melanoma Cells

TUESDAY, Oct. 27, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Oxidative stress inhibits metastasis by melanoma cells, according to an experimental study published online Oct. 14 in Nature.

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WHO: Evidence That Processed Meat Can Cause Cancer

MONDAY, Oct. 26, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Processed meats, such as bacon, hot dogs, and sausages, are carcinogenic, and red meat may be as well, experts from the World Health Organization (WHO) warned on Monday. The findings were published online Oct. 26 in The Lancet Oncology.

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FDA Requires New Warning on Two Hepatitis C Drugs

MONDAY, Oct. 26, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Viekira Pak and Technivie appear linked to serious liver damage in patients with advanced liver disease, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration warned in a statement issued Thursday.

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JAK Inhibitors May Help Treat Hair Loss

MONDAY, Oct. 26, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitors may hold potential for boosting hair growth, new animal research suggests. The findings were published online Oct. 23 in Science Advances.

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Case of Basal Cell Carcinoma Described Within Port Wine Stain

MONDAY, Oct. 26, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A case of basal cell carcinoma (BCC) has been described within a port wine stain (PWS), with no preceding treatment, according to a case report published in the October issue of The Journal of Dermatology.

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RTS,S Malaria Vaccine More Active Against Matched Infections

FRIDAY, Oct. 23, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Among children aged 5 to 17 months, the RTS,S vaccine has greater activity against malaria parasites with matched circumsporozoite protein alleles, according to a study published online Oct. 21 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Childhood Antibiotics Rx Tied to Weight Gain Through Adolescence

FRIDAY, Oct. 23, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Repeated antibiotic use is linked to greater weight gains in children, and it could affect their weight for the rest of their lives, a new study suggests. The findings were published online Oct. 21 in the International Journal of Obesity.

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Nicotinamide Could Protect Against Some Skin Cancers

THURSDAY, Oct. 22, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Nicotinamide appears to reduce non-melanoma skin cancers by 23 percent when taken twice daily, according to a report published in the Oct. 22 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Smoke Exposure in Infancy Ups Sensitization to Food Allergens

THURSDAY, Oct. 22, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure to secondhand tobacco smoke (SHS) in infancy is associated with increased risk of sensitization to food allergens up to age 16 years, according to a study published online Oct. 16 in Allergy.

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Knee, Hip Arthroplasty Tied to Increased Short-Term MI Risk

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 21, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- For patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and total hip arthroplasty (THA) for osteoarthritis, the risk of myocardial infarction (MI) is increased in the first postoperative month, according to a study published in the October issue of Arthritis & Rheumatology.

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Low Hep B Vaccine Response Rate Linked to IBD Treatment

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 21, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), infliximab and/or azathioprine treatment is associated with poor response rate to hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccination, according to a study published in the November issue of the Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

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Cancers Differ in Indigenous, Non-Indigenous Populations

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 21, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- In Australia, New Zealand, Canada, and the United States, indigenous populations exhibit clear differences in the scale and profile of cancer compared to non-indigenous populations, according to a study published online Oct. 14 in The Lancet Oncology.

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Older Blood Appears Safe for Cardiac Surgery Patients

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 21, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Cardiac surgery patients given blood stored for more than six weeks face no greater harm than those who get blood donated within two weeks, according to a research letter published in the Oct. 20 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Nocturnal Hypoxemia Severity Linked to Renal RAS Activity

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 21, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- In obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), the severity of nocturnal hypoxemia is associated with the extent to which renal renin-angiotensin system (RAS) activity is increased, according to a study published in the Oct. 1 issue of the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Preeclampsia Tied to Congenital Heart Defects

TUESDAY, Oct. 20, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Preeclampsia may increase risk of congenital heart defects, according to research published in the Oct. 20 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Ten New Gene Variants ID'd in Eczema Pathogenesis

TUESDAY, Oct. 20, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- New gene variants associated with eczema have been identified. The new findings, published online Oct. 19 in Nature Genetics, add to the number of genetic variants known to increase risk for the condition, making the total 31.

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Hypothalamic Axis Ups Glucose Tolerance Via Glycosuria

TUESDAY, Oct. 20, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A previously unrecognized hypothalamic-sympathetic nervous system (SNS)-renal axis has been identified that may impact glucose homeostasis, according to an experimental study published online Oct. 14 in Diabetes.

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SNORA42 Identified as Novel Oncogene in Colorectal Cancer

TUESDAY, Oct. 20, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with colorectal cancer (CRC), SNORA42 seems to be a novel oncogene that can predict recurrence and prognosis, according to a study published online Oct. 15 in Gut.

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Longer QRS Duration Predicts Cardiac Death, Heart Attack

MONDAY, Oct. 19, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Longer QRS duration predicts cardiac death and nonfatal myocardial infarction (MI) in patients with coronary artery disease, according to a study published in the Nov. 1 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Excessive Drinking Cost U.S. $249 Billion in 2010

MONDAY, Oct. 19, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Excessive drinking cost the United States $249 billion -- $2.05 a drink -- in 2010, according to a study published online Oct. 1 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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Insulin Dose Doesn't Up Mortality in ACCORD Trial

MONDAY, Oct. 19, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- In the Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes (ACCORD) trial, insulin dose is not associated with cardiovascular (CV) death after adjustment for baseline covariates, according to a study published online Oct. 13 in Diabetes Care.

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Declining Polyamine Levels Tied to Longer Circadian Period

MONDAY, Oct. 19, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A group of metabolites whose levels decline as people age appear to have an effect on the circadian clock, according to a study published online Oct. 8 in Cell Metabolism.

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Gene Expression Ratio May Aid Rapid Pneumonia Diagnosis

MONDAY, Oct. 15, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A ratio evaluating the expression of two molecular markers may assist in the rapid diagnosis of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) on ICU admission, according to a study published in the Oct. 1 issue of the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Review Links Lipid Profiles With Tendon Health

FRIDAY, Oct. 16, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Lipid profiles seem to be associated with tendon health, according to a review published online Oct. 15 in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.

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Rising Threat of Antibiotic Resistance in Surgery, Chemo

FRIDAY, Oct. 16, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- As many as half of postsurgical infections and more than a quarter of infections after chemotherapy are caused by organisms already resistant to standard antibiotics, according to a study published Oct. 15 in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

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Stricter Alcohol Policy Tied to Lower Rates of Cirrhosis Mortality

FRIDAY, Oct. 16, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- States with strong alcohol control policies have lower death rates connected to alcohol-related liver damage, according to a study published online Oct. 15 in Preventing Chronic Disease.

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Treatment Patterns for DCIS Shift From 1991 to 2010

FRIDAY, Oct. 16, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- There were substantial shifts in treatment patterns for ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) from 1991 to 2010, with more women opting for lumpectomy and radiation therapy rather than single mastectomy, according to a study published online Sept. 30 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

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Influenza Vaccine Linked to Reduced Stroke Incidence

FRIDAY, Oct. 16, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Influenza vaccination is associated with reduced stroke incidence, according to a study published Oct. 5 in Vaccine.

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Community-Based Intervention Ups HIV Testing in Pregnancy

THURSDAY, Oct. 15, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A community-based intervention that includes health education and on-site laboratory testing can increase uptake of HIV testing in pregnant women in southeast Nigeria, according to a study published online Oct. 14 in the The Lancet Global Health.

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Vitamin D, Calcium Don't Cut Recurrent Adenoma Risk

THURSDAY, Oct. 15, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Supplemental vitamin D and calcium do not seem to reduce the risk of recurrent colorectal adenomas, according to a study published online Oct. 14 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Ebola Virus Can Persist in Semen of Survivors

THURSDAY, Oct. 15, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Ebola virus can persist in semen, according to two reports published online Oct. 14 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Enterovirus D68 Doesn't Raise Mortality Risk in Children

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 14, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) seems to be a more virulent pulmonary pathogen in children than rhinovirus or non-EV-D68 enterovirus, but it does not increase the risk of death, according to a study published Oct. 13 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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Unique Platform ID'd for Producing Cone Photoreceptors

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 14, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A member of the Cerberus gene family, Coco (Dand5), appears to be involved in differentiation into S-cone photoreceptors by blocking BMP/TGFβ/Wnt signaling, according to an experimental study published online Oct. 1 in Development.

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Squamous Cell Carcinoma Can Develop on Verrucous Lesions

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 14, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) can develop on long-standing verrucous lesions, according to a report published as a letter to the editor in the October issue of The Journal of Dermatology.

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Maternal Glucose Levels Linked to Two CHD Phenotypes

TUESDAY, Oct. 13, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Maternal midpregnancy measures of glucose and insulin are associated with two different congenital heart disease (CHD) phenotypes, according to a study published online Oct. 12 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Intervention Cuts Contamination in Protective Gear Removal

TUESDAY, Oct. 13, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- An educational intervention can reduce contamination of the skin and clothing of health care personnel during removal of contaminated personal protective equipment (PPE), according to a study published online Oct. 12 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Advanced-Stage Breast CA More Likely in Certain Racial Groups

TUESDAY, Oct. 13, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Women in certain racial/ethnic groups are more likely to be diagnosed with more advanced breast cancer, according to a study published online Oct. 13 in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.

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L. reuteri Enrichment of Gut Microbiota Ups Insulin Secretion

MONDAY, Oct. 12, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Enrichment of gut microbiota with Lactobacillus reuteri is associated with increased insulin secretion, according to a study published in the October issue of Diabetes Care.

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Americans Spend More on Health Care, but Fare Worse

MONDAY, Oct. 12, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- When compared to 12 other industrialized nations, Americans spend more on health care services, but they fare worst in terms of life expectancy, according to recent findings from The Commonwealth Fund.

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FDA Approves Expanded Use of Opdivo in Advanced Lung Cancer

FRIDAY, Oct. 9, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved Opdivo (nivolumab) to treat patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose disease progressed despite platinum-based chemotherapy.

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More Severe Psoriasis Equals More Vascular Inflammation

FRIDAY, Oct. 9, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- As the amount of psoriasis increases, the amount of vascular inflammation increases, according to research published online Oct. 8 in Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology.

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Ebola Survivor's Case Points to Delayed Complications

FRIDAY, Oct. 9, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A British nurse who survived Ebola has been hospitalized due to a delayed complication from her infection, health officials say.

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Occupational Risk of Bladder Cancer on the Rise

FRIDAY, Oct. 9, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Despite efforts by lawmakers and manufacturers to protect workers and provide safe working environments, the risk of bladder cancer is still rising in certain industries, according to a review published online Oct. 8 in JAMA Oncology.

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Troponin Cut-Off Could Help Reduce Admissions, Costs

THURSDAY, Oct. 8, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A cardiac troponin concentration of <5 ng/L identifies patients at very low risk of myocardial infarction (MI) either during admission or within the following 30 days, researchers report online Oct. 7 in The Lancet.

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Young Cancer Survivors May Need Lifelong Screenings

THURSDAY, Oct. 8, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Teen and young adult cancer survivors are at increased risk for other cancers later in life, according to a study published online Oct. 6 in Cancer.

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Extended RAS Testing Urged Before EGFR MoAB Therapy

THURSDAY, Oct. 8, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with metastatic colorectal cancer, anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) monoclonal antibody (MoAB) therapy should be considered only after extended RAS testing, according to a study published online Oct. 5 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Safety Concerns Raised for Antioxidant Use in Melanoma

THURSDAY, Oct. 8, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- The antioxidant N-acetylcysteine appears to accelerate the spread of skin cancer in mice, raising questions about its safety in humans, according to research published in the Oct. 7 issue of Science Translational Medicine.

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Being Overweight Helps Women With Heart Failure, but Not Men

THURSDAY, Oct. 8, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Overweight and mildly obese women with heart failure may live significantly longer than similarly heavy men with the progressive disease, according to a study published Oct. 7 in JACC: Heart Failure.

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Early Detection Still Key to Breast Cancer Survival

THURSDAY, Oct. 8, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Even with recent strides in breast cancer treatment, a woman's chances of surviving the disease still partly depend on early detection, according to research published online Oct. 6 in The BMJ.

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CDC: Four Deaths Linked to Latest Salmonella Outbreak

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 7, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A Salmonella outbreak that has been linked to contaminated cucumbers imported from Mexico has now caused 732 illnesses in 35 states, U.S. health officials said Tuesday.

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Ovarian Tissue Transplant Can Up Fertility Post Cancer Tx

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 7, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- For cancer survivors, ovarian tissue transplants are safe and effective and pose little risk of cancer recurrence, according to a report published online Oct. 6 in Human Reproduction.

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'GOLD' Criteria May Misdiagnosis Normal Phenotypes

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 7, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- The Global Lung Initiative (GLI)-defined normal spirometry includes adjusted mean values in the normal range for multiple phenotypes, even when classified as respiratory impairment by Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD), according to a study published in the Oct. 1 issue of the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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H. Pylori Resistance to Antibiotics Increasing

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 7, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Resistance to the antibiotics clarithromycin, metronidazole, and levofloxacin is high among patients with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection, according to a study published in the September issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

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Ultrasound Diagnosis of Fetal Teratoma Very Accurate

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 7, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Ultrasonography (US) has very high sensitivity and low false-positive rates in identifying fetal teratoma prenatally, according to a study published online Oct. 1 in the Journal of Clinical Ultrasound.

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As HIV Patients Live Longer, Certain Cancer Risks Rise

TUESDAY, Oct. 6, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Antiretroviral therapy has extended the lives of people with HIV, but living longer may increase these patients' risk for certain cancers, according to a study published in the Oct. 6 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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USPSTF Recommends CRC Screening for 50- to 75-Year-Olds

TUESDAY, Oct. 6, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends colorectal cancer (CRC) screening starting at age 50 years and continuing through age 75 years. These findings form the basis of a draft recommendation statement, published Oct. 5 by the USPSTF.

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CDC Warns of Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae

TUESDAY, Oct. 6, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Surveillance of seven U.S. metropolitan areas found higher-than-expected levels of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) in Atlanta, Baltimore, and New York City, according to a report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention published online Oct. 5 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Guidelines Developed for Managing Conflicts of Interest

TUESDAY, Oct. 6, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- The Guidelines International Network has developed principles for disclosure and management of conflicts of interest (COIs) during the clinical practice guideline development process, according to a report published in the Oct. 6 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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FDA Orders Studies on Contaminated Duodenoscopes

MONDAY, Oct. 5, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Recent outbreaks of infections linked to duodenoscopes led the U.S. Food and Drug Administration on Monday to order manufacturers to conduct postmarket studies of the devices in health care facilities.

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New Protein Biomarker Identified in Insulin Resistance

MONDAY, Oct. 5, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Proteomic blood profiling has identified new circulating biomarkers for homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), according to a study published online Sept. 29 in Diabetes.

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Modified SOAP Ups Student Awareness of Health Care Costs

MONDAY, Oct. 5, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Modification of the traditional Subjective-Objective-Assessment-Plan (SOAP) presentation to consider value (SOAP-V) can help medical students learn to practice high-value, cost-conscious care, according to a study published online Sept. 28 in the Journal of Hospital Medicine.

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Research Supports Theory of Nonceliac Gluten Sensitivity

FRIDAY, Oct. 2, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with suspected nonceliac gluten sensitivity (NCGS), overall symptom severity increases with intake of small amounts of gluten, according to a study published in the September issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

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Providers Must Understand Legal Limits of Telemedicine

FRIDAY, Oct. 2, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- In order to minimize risk when practicing telemedicine, providers should ensure they hold the proper medical licenses, have medical liability insurance coverage, and communicate with patients regarding the potential risks of telemedicine, according to a report published in Medical Economics.

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Serotonin Levels Low in Ankylosing Spondylitis

FRIDAY, Oct. 2, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) have lower serotonin levels than healthy controls and patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), according to a study published online Sept. 30 in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

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MRI Effectively Measures Hemochromatosis Iron Burden

FRIDAY, Oct. 2, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is an accurate and safe tool for the detection of low levels of iron overload in patients with hereditary hemochromatosis, according to a letter to the editor published online Sept. 11 in the American Journal of Hematology.

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Strategies Provided for Improving EHR Efficiency

THURSDAY, Oct. 1, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Several strategies can be implemented in order to better use electronic health records (EHRs) for patient care and efficiency, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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Too Few Women Getting Counseling Before BRCA Test

THURSDAY, Oct. 1, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Only about one-third of women receive genetic counseling before they undergo testing for BRCA mutations, and patients who receive genetic counseling beforehand display better knowledge of the process and possible results, according to a study published online Oct. 1 in JAMA Oncology.

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Colds, Flu Up Odds for Stroke in Children, Though Risk Is Low

THURSDAY, Oct. 1, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Having a cold or the flu may sometimes trigger a stroke in children -- particularly those with underlying health conditions -- though the overall risk remains low, according to a new study, published online Sept. 30 in Neurology.

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Dysbiosis in Infancy Tied to Asthma Risk in Children

THURSDAY, Oct. 1, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- The presence of four types of gut bacteria in infancy may reduce a child's risk for asthma, Canadian researchers report. The new report was published online Sept. 30 in Science Translational Medicine.

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'Depression Switch' Identified During Deep Brain Stimulation

THURSDAY, Oct. 1, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A "depression switch" has been mapped during intraoperative deep brain stimulation of the subcallosal cingulate, according to research published online Sept. 26 in JAMA Neurology.

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Physician's Briefing