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September 2014 Briefing - Pathology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pathology for September 2014. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Can Exercise Prevent Type 2 Diabetes? Genes May Be Key

TUESDAY, Sept. 30, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- For millions of overweight Americans, regular exercise remains a prime weapon against excess weight and the threat of type 2 diabetes. However, a new study suggests that the battle may be tougher for some than for others, depending on their genes. The study was published online Sept. 29 in Diabetologia.

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Antibiotic Use Before Age 2 Might Raise Obesity Risk

TUESDAY, Sept. 30, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Children who are given broad-spectrum antibiotics before the age of 2 may face a slightly higher risk of becoming obese during childhood, according to research published online Sept. 29 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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40 States, District of Columbia Reporting Enterovirus D68

TUESDAY, Sept. 30, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Forty states and the District of Columbia now have a total of 277 confirmed cases of Enterovirus D68, the severe respiratory illness that typically targets children, U.S. health officials are reporting.

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'Just-in-Time' Methodology Can Reduce Patient Waiting Times

MONDAY, Sept. 29, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Having trainee physicians review cases prior to clinic hours can reduce patient waiting times, flow times, and clinic session times, according to a study published online Sept. 16 in Pain Medicine. The management process studied was first popularized by Toyota in Japan.

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AMA Launches Three Programs for Physician Wellness

MONDAY, Sept. 29, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians' personal health is a global concern and three initiatives are being developed to encourage positive change, according to a report from the American Medical Association (AMA).

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Stress Might Be Even More Unhealthy for the Obese

FRIDAY, Sept. 26, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Recurring emotional stress may trigger a stronger biochemical response in overweight people, possibly increasing their risk of chronic illnesses such as heart disease and type 2 diabetes, according to new study published online Aug. 5 in Brain, Behavior, and Immunity.

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Experiences Trump Things, Even Before Purchase

FRIDAY, Sept. 26, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- People derive value from the anticipation of purchasing something, and this anticipation tends to be greater for an experiential purchase than for a material purchase, according to a study published online Aug. 21 in Psychological Science.

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Researchers Evaluate Blood Test for Psychosis

FRIDAY, Sept. 26, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A blood test may help identify people at risk for psychosis, according to a study published online Aug. 6 in Schizophrenia Bulletin.

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CDC: Nearly 5 Percent of Young U.S. Women Have Chlamydia

THURSDAY, Sept. 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- An estimated 1.8 million Americans aged 14 to 39 are infected with Chlamydia trachomatis, and many don't know it, according to research published in the Sept. 26 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Can Media Multitasking Alter Your Brain?

THURSDAY, Sept. 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Multitasking with smartphones, laptop computers, and other media devices could change the structure of your brain, according to a study published online Sept. 24 in PLOS ONE.

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All Work, No Play May Up Risk of Diabetes

THURSDAY, Sept. 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Working long hours may increase one's risk for diabetes, but this may depend on the job. These findings have been published online Sept. 25 in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology.

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NSAIDs Tied to Risk of Venous Thromboembolism

THURSDAY, Sept. 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may increase risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE), according to new research published online Sept. 24 in Rheumatology.

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Blood Test Might Predict Speed of Recovery From Surgery

THURSDAY, Sept. 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Measuring the activity of subsets of white blood cells immediately after surgery might reveal which patients are likely to recover quickly and those who won't, a preliminary study suggests. The report was published in the Sept. 24 issue of Science Translational Medicine.

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Increasing Skirt Size Tied to Higher Breast Cancer Risk

THURSDAY, Sept. 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- For each increase in skirt size every 10 years, the risk of developing breast cancer after menopause could increase by 33 percent, according to research published online Sept. 24 in BMJ Open.

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CDC: Enterovirus D68 in 29 States, District of Columbia

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 24, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Twenty-nine states and the District of Columbia now have a total of 213 confirmed cases of Enterovirus D68, the severe respiratory illness that typically targets children, U.S. health officials are reporting.

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Diabetes Rates Leveling Off in the United States

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 24, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Overall adult diabetes rates appear to have leveled off during the past four years in the United States, in stark contrast to the two decades prior, which saw a doubling of the chronic disease, according to research published in the Sept. 24 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Report Identifies Game Changers for U.S. Health Care

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 24, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Imagine if doctors and hospitals got paid for providing better care, not more care, and patients had better data for making informed health choices. A new report suggests that's the direction the U.S. health system is headed.

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Decision-Support Guide Can Reduce Use of Prenatal Testing

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 24, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A computerized, interactive decision-support guide and elimination of financial barriers to testing can reduce use of prenatal testing, according to a study published in the Sept. 24 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Clinical Practice Guideline Issued for Comorbid Conditions in CVD

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 24, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Comorbid conditions must be considered when applying clinical practice guidelines to the treatment of cardiovascular disease, according to an article published online Sept. 11 in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Gut Microbiome Diversity Linked to Endogenous Estrogens

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 24, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Diversity of fecal microbiome is associated with an increased ratio of hydroxylated estrogen metabolites to parent estrogen, according to a study published online Sept. 11 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism.

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Most Doctors Are Over-Extended or at Full Capacity

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 24, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Most physicians report being over-extended or at full capacity, according to a survey conducted by Merritt Hawkins for The Physicians Foundation.

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Lung Infections May Hamper Ability to Detect Lung Cancer

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 24, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A test used to diagnose lung cancer may not be as reliable in geographic regions where certain lung infections are more common, according to research published in the Sept. 24 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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CDC: Ebola Cases Could Reach 1.4 Million in Months

TUESDAY, Sept. 23, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Infections from the Ebola epidemic in Liberia and Sierra Leone could soar to 1.4 million cases by mid-January unless the global community mounts a rapid response to the West African crisis. This prediction is part of a new report published in the Sept. 23 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Breast Milk a Risk for Spreading Cytomegalovirus to Preemies

TUESDAY, Sept. 23, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- For babies born at very low birth weights, breast milk is more likely than a blood transfusion to lead to cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection, according to a study published online Sept. 22 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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FDA: Blood Test for Yeast Pathogens Approved

TUESDAY, Sept. 23, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The first blood test to detect five yeast pathogens that can cause blood infections in people with weakened immune systems has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. The five yeast pathogens are Candida albicans and/or Candida tropicalis, Candida parapsilosis, Candida glabrata and/or Candida krusei.

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Ebola Cases Predicted to Continue Increasing

TUESDAY, Sept. 23, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Based on data from the first nine months of the Ebola virus disease (EVD) epidemic, the numbers of cases are predicted to continue increasing, according to a study published online Sept. 23 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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NIH Adds $10M to Encourage Gender Balance in Clinical Trials

TUESDAY, Sept. 23, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. National Institutes of Health is investing $10 million in additional funding in scientific trials to encourage researchers to consider gender in their preclinical and clinical studies.

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USPSTF: Screen Women for Chlamydia, Gonorrhea

TUESDAY, Sept. 23, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- All sexually active women should be screened for two of the most common sexually transmitted infections: chlamydia and gonorrhea, according to new recommendations from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. The final recommendation statement was published online Sept. 23 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Chikungunya Fever Identified in the United States

TUESDAY, Sept. 23, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Chikungunya fever is being seen in travelers returning to the United States from affected regions and should be considered as a diagnosis for febrile travelers, according to an ideas and opinions piece published online Sept. 23 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Health Conditions Expected to Worsen Due to Climate Change

MONDAY, Sept. 22, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A new study warns that rising temperatures and altered weather patterns in the United States may soon exacerbate many existing health risks. The study was published online Sept. 22 in the Journal of the American Medical Association, ahead of the United Nations' summit on climate change, which kicks off Tuesday in New York City.

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Redundant Antimicrobial Therapy Is Pervasive, Costly

MONDAY, Sept. 22, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Redundant use of antimicrobial therapy is pervasive in U.S. hospitals and is associated with considerable, potentially avoidable, health care costs, according to a study published in the October issue of Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology.

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Pancreatic Cancer Risk Not Higher With Diabetes Rx DPP-4i

MONDAY, Sept. 22, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- There is no increased short-term pancreatic cancer risk with dipeptidyl-peptidase-4 inhibitors (DPP-4i) compared to sulfonylureas (SU) and thiazolidinediones (TZD) for glycemic control, according to a study published online Sept. 10 in Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.

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Systemwide Changes Needed to Restrain Health Care Spending

FRIDAY, Sept. 19, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Systemwide changes are necessary to prevent excessive health care spending, and so are tools to help consumers make better, more informed medical choices, according to a white paper published in June by Vitals.

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Recent Increase in Liver Injury From Herbs, Supplements

FRIDAY, Sept. 19, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The proportion of liver injury cases resulting from herbals and dietary supplements (HDS) has increased significantly in the last decade, according to a study published online Aug. 25 in Hepatology.

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Presence of Peers Ups Health Workers' Hand Hygiene

FRIDAY, Sept. 19, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The presence of other health care workers improves hand hygiene adherence, according to a study published in the October issue of Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology.

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Obama Calls for National Plan to Fight Antibiotic Resistance

FRIDAY, Sept. 19, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- President Barack Obama escalated the fight against antibiotic-resistant bacteria on Thursday, ordering key federal agencies to pursue a national strategy to deal with the threat.

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One Dose of Antidepressant Changes Brain Connectivity

THURSDAY, Sept. 18, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Just a single dose of a common antidepressant can quickly alter the way brain cells communicate with one another, according to early research published online Sept. 18 in Current Biology.

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CDC: Almost Everyone Needs a Flu Shot

THURSDAY, Sept. 18, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Less than half of all Americans got a flu shot last year, so U.S. health officials on Thursday urged that everyone 6 months and older get vaccinated for the coming flu season. "It's really unfortunate that half of Americans are not getting the protection from flu they could get," said Thomas Frieden, M.D., director of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, during a morning news conference.

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Strategies Can Help Docs Lower Their Tax Burden

THURSDAY, Sept. 18, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Strategies are presented to help physicians lower their tax burden in an article published Sept. 2 in Medical Economics.

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Wild Berry May Boost Effect of Chemo for Pancreatic Cancer

THURSDAY, Sept. 18, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The use of micronutrients such as chokeberry extract may augment the cytotoxic effects of chemotherapy drugs on cancer cells, according to research published online Sept. 17 in the Journal of Clinical Pathology.

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Migraines in Middle Age Tied to Increased Risk of Parkinson's

THURSDAY, Sept. 18, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Migraines in midlife may be associated with increased odds of developing Parkinson's disease or other movement disorders in later years, according to research published online Sept. 17 in Neurology.

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Artificial Sweeteners May Raise Blood Glucose Levels

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 17, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Artificial sweeteners can potentially make blood glucose levels rise despite containing no calories, researchers report online Sept. 17 in Nature.

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12 States Now Reporting Severe Respiratory Illness Affecting Kids

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 17, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Twelve states now have confirmed cases of Enterovirus D68, the severe respiratory illnesses that may have sickened hundreds of children, U.S. health officials report.

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Researchers ID Factor in Hospital Bacterial Resistance

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 17, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Scientists have uncovered a key factor to explain why antibiotic-resistant bacteria can thrive in a hospital setting. These findings have published in the Sept. 17 issue of Science Translational Medicine.

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Internists Report Considerable EMR-Linked Time Loss

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 17, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Use of electronic medical record (EMR) systems is associated with considerable loss of free time per clinic day, according to a research letter published online Sept. 8 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Prenatal Phthalate Exposure Tied to Asthma Risk in Children

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 17, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure in the womb to household chemicals known as phthalates might increase a child's future risk of developing asthma, according to research published online Sept. 17 in Environmental Health Perspectives.

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Screening Elderly Women for Breast Cancer Questioned

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 17, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Including women older than 70 in national breast cancer screening programs won't lead to a sharp reduction in advanced forms of the disease, according to researchers who published their study findings online Sept. 15 in The BMJ.

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Urine Test for Cervical HPV Demonstrates Good Accuracy

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 17, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A simple urine test can routinely spot human papillomavirus (HPV), according to research published online Sept. 16 in The BMJ.

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AACR: Targeted Drugs Among Successes Against Cancer

TUESDAY, Sept. 16, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- About 14.5 million U.S. cancer survivors are alive today, compared to just three million in 1971, the American Association for Cancer Research reported Tuesday.

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CDC: Opioid-Related Deaths Quadrupled in Past Decade

TUESDAY, Sept. 16, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The number of Americans dying from accidental overdoses of opioid analgesics jumped significantly from 1999 to 2011, according to a September data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

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Obama to Step Up Aid to Fight Ebola in West Africa

TUESDAY, Sept. 16, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- On the same day that President Barack Obama was to announce a significant increase in U.S. aid to help combat West Africa's Ebola crisis, the World Health Organization warned Tuesday that the window to contain the virus was closing and infections could start doubling every three weeks.

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Over a Quarter of Hospital Orders Classified As Defensive

TUESDAY, Sept. 16, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- More than one-quarter of hospital medicine services were rated by ordering physicians as at least a partially defensive order, according to a research letter published online Sept. 15 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Children's Severe Respiratory Virus Confirmed in Northeast

MONDAY, Sept. 15, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The severe respiratory virus believed to have sickened hundreds of U.S. children in Midwestern and Western states has now spread to the Northeast, health officials report.

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Male Pattern Baldness Tied to Prostate Cancer

MONDAY, Sept. 15, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Men with male pattern baldness may face a higher risk of developing an aggressive type of prostate cancer than men with no balding, according to a study published online Sept. 15 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Schizophrenia Deemed Group of Eight Separate Disorders

MONDAY, Sept. 15, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Schizophrenia is not a single disorder but rather a group of eight distinct disorders, each caused by changes in gene clusters that lead to different symptoms, according to research published online Sept. 15 in The American Journal of Psychiatry.

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HPV Vaccine Knowledge Doesn't Predict Vaccination

MONDAY, Sept. 15, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Neither parents' nor adolescents' knowledge about human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines predicts vaccination compliance, according to a study published online Sept. 15 in Pediatrics.

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HbA1c ≥5.9 Percent Can ID Diabetes in Early Pregnancy

MONDAY, Sept. 15, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- An HbA1c threshold of ≥5.9 percent can identify all women with gestational diabetes in early pregnancy, according to a study published online Sept. 4 in Diabetes Care.

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Watchful Waiting May Not Be Best for Black Men With Prostate CA

MONDAY, Sept. 15, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Watchful waiting may not be suitable for all men with early-stage prostate cancer, especially black patients, according to research published in Urologic Oncology.

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New Role of Patient As Consumer Requires Market Changes

FRIDAY, Sept. 12, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The new consumer retail market in U.S. health care is necessary and will benefit consumers, and as consumers take on more costs of care, access to information to help them make informed decisions is crucial, according to a recent white paper published by Vitals.

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Errata Frequently Seen in Medical Literature

MONDAY, Sept. 15, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Errata, including those that may materially change the interpretation of data, are frequent in medical publications, according to a study published in the August issue of The American Journal of Medicine.

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Mechanism Proposed for Nicotine Gateway Hypothesis

FRIDAY, Sept. 12, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Mechanisms underlying nicotine use as a gateway to cocaine use have been proposed in a Shattuck lecture published in the Sept. 4 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Highly Sensitive Troponin Test IDs Asymptomatic Heart Damage

FRIDAY, Sept. 12, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) test may be helpful in identifying early heart damage, eventually standing alongside cholesterol tests as a standard screening tool for heart disease risk, according to researchers who presented their study findings online Aug. 22 in Circulation.

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U.S. Ebola Survivor Gives Blood to Infected Health Care Colleague

FRIDAY, Sept. 12, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- An American medical missionary who survived infection with Ebola has donated blood to a colleague who's struggling to fight his own infection with the virus.

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Researchers Support Lung Cancer CT Screen in Older Patients

FRIDAY, Sept. 12, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Individuals aged 65 to 74 years with a history of smoking should not be excluded from screening with low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) for lung cancer, according to researchers who published their study findings online Sept. 9 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Non-Vitamin K Oral Anticoagulants Vary in Assay Effects

FRIDAY, Sept. 12, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Non-vitamin K oral anticoagulants exhibit variable effects on coagulation assays, according to a study published in the Sept. 16 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Factors ID'd for CRC Risk Stratification With Positive FIT

THURSDAY, Sept. 11, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Fecal hemoglobin concentration, sex, and age can be used to classify the risk of advanced colorectal neoplasia among individuals with positive results from fecal immunochemical tests (FITs), according to a study published in the September issue of Gastroenterology.

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Physician Describes Impact of Malpractice Suit

THURSDAY, Sept. 11, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A family doctor who was involved in a malpractice suit describes the impact on her practice of medicine in an article published online in the September/October issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Ebola-Infected Doctor Showing Improvement in Nebraska

THURSDAY, Sept. 11, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- An American medical missionary being treated at a Nebraska medical center for Ebola infection is showing signs of improvement, according to the hospital.

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Gates Foundation Gives $50M to Fight Ebola Outbreak in Africa

THURSDAY, Sept. 11, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Acting in response to the devastating Ebola outbreak in four West African nations, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation announced Wednesday that it has pledged $50 million to help combat the epidemic.

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AB Blood Type May Be Linked to Risk of Memory Loss

THURSDAY, Sept. 11, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Blood group AB and higher factor VIII are associated with increased incidence of cognitive impairment, according to a study published online Sept. 10 in Neurology.

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Review: Rapid Antigen Tests Accurate for Strep Diagnosis

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 10, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Rapid antigen diagnostic tests (RADTs) can be used for accurate diagnosis of group A streptococcal (GAS) pharyngitis for management of sore throat in primary care settings, according to a study published online Sept. 8 in Pediatrics.

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Single Random Biopsy Ups Detection of Cervical Disease

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 10, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- In women with negative colposcopy, a single random biopsy increases detection of high-grade cervical disease, according to a study published online Sept. 8 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Reanalyses of RCTs Can Lead to Different Conclusions

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 10, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- More than one-third of the small number of reanalyses of randomized clinical trials (RCTs) have implied conclusions different from those of the original articles, according to a study published online Sept. 9 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Meta-Analysis: Prediabetes Linked to Increased Cancer Risk

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 10, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Prediabetes is associated with an elevated risk of cancer overall and with increased risks of site-specific cancers, including liver, endometrial, and stomach/colorectal cancer, according to a meta-analysis published online Sept. 8 in Diabetologia.

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Fourth U.S. Ebola Patient Airlifted to Atlanta Hospital

TUESDAY, Sept. 9, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A fourth American medical worker infected with the deadly Ebola virus in West Africa was brought back to the United States Tuesday morning for treatment at Emory University Hospital in Atlanta.

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For Some, Health Insurance More Costly Than Uninsured Penalty

TUESDAY, Sept. 9, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- For some young people in the United States, the cost of paying a penalty for not buying health insurance will be lower than the lowest-cost insurance, according to a study published online Sept. 9 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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CDC: Respiratory Virus Affecting Children in Multiple States

TUESDAY, Sept. 9, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A respiratory virus has stricken more than 1,000 children across several states, requiring hospitalization in some and prompting concerns of a wider outbreak, health officials reported Monday.

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Renal and Thyroid Cancers on the Rise in U.S. Children

MONDAY, Sept. 8, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence of renal cancer and thyroid cancer is increasing among children and adolescents in the United States, according to research published online Sept. 8 in Pediatrics.

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Novel Ebola Vaccine Shows Potential in Monkey Trial

MONDAY, Sept. 8, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- An experimental Ebola vaccine has shown promise in a trial involving monkeys, according to a report published online Sept. 7 in the journal Nature Medicine.

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Health Care Spending Expected to Rise in 2014 Through 2023

MONDAY, Sept. 8, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- While health spending growth was slow in 2013, health spending is expected to increase in 2014 and remain higher through 2023, according to a study published online Sept. 3 in Health Affairs.

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Is Soy a Foe to Women With Breast Cancer?

MONDAY, Sept. 8, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Soy protein may increase activity in genes linked to breast cancer growth -- at least in certain women who already have the disease, according to research reported in the September issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

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Females Overlooked in Basic Surgical Research

MONDAY, Sept. 8, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Female animals or cells are rarely used in surgical research studies, even though sex differences can have a major impact on medical research, according to a study published in the September issue of Surgery.

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FDA: NephroCheck Test Approved to Predict Kidney Injury Risk

FRIDAY, Sept. 5, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The NephroCheck test, designed to predict the risk of sudden kidney injury within 12 hours, has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

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Excessive Precautions Unnecessary for Ebola Virus

FRIDAY, Sept. 5, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Given that Ebola virus is mainly transmitted via contact, excessive precautions, including complete respiratory protection are unnecessary, according to a letter published online Aug. 29 in The Lancet.

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Potential Therapy Targets for Pulmonary Hypertension ID'd

THURSDAY, Sept. 4, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The high-density lipoprotein mimetic peptide 4F can successfully rescue advanced pulmonary hypertension in rodent models, according to a study published in Circulation.

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Increased Melanoma Incidence for Pilots, Cabin Crew

THURSDAY, Sept. 4, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Airline pilots and cabin crew have an increased incidence of melanoma, according to a meta-analysis published online Sept. 3 in JAMA Dermatology.

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E-Cigarette Vapor May Be Less Toxic Than Tobacco Smoke

THURSDAY, Sept. 4, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Secondhand vapor created by one brand of electronic cigarette harbors fewer hazardous chemicals than regular cigarette smoke, although the researchers report the finding doesn't leave e-cigarettes in the clear. The study was published online Aug. 22 in Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts.

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People With OCD May Have Higher Odds for Schizophrenia

THURSDAY, Sept. 4, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- People with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) may be at higher risk for schizophrenia, according to research published online Sept. 3 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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British Ebola Patient Released From the Hospital

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 3, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A British man infected with Ebola during the outbreak in West Africa has fully recovered and been released from the hospital.

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AR-V7 Linked to Chemotherapy Resistance in Prostate Cancer

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 3, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer, detection of androgen-receptor splice variant 7 messenger RNA (AR-V7) in circulating tumor cells appears to be associated with enzalutamide and abiraterone resistance, according to a study published online Sept. 3 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Another American Physician Infected With Ebola

TUESDAY, Sept. 2, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Another American doctor working in West Africa for a missionary group has become infected with the Ebola virus.

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Physician's Briefing
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