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Obesity Raises Cardiovascular Disease Risk for Children

Youngsters with combined obesity at highest risk for metabolic syndrome

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 9 (HealthDay News) -- Children with combined obesity are at greater risk of developing cardiovascular disease than those with isolated types of obesity, according to a report published in the January issue of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association.

Roya Kelishadi, M.D., of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences in Isfahan, Iran, and colleagues conducted a study of 4,811 children aged 6 to 18 years who were representative of the national population. The children underwent a physical examination, fasting glucose and lipid profile testing, and were categorized into normal weight, generalized obesity, central obesity and combined obesity groups.

Depending on the gender and age, 6 percent to 9 percent of the children were categorized into the isolated central obesity group, 7.5 percent to 11 percent were in the isolated generalized obesity group, and 14 percent to 16.5 percent were in the combined-type obesity group. Rates of dyslipidemia, high blood pressure and metabolic syndrome were higher in the latter group than in the former two.

"These findings complement some recent observations on adverse health hazards of abnormal central body fat deposition even in childhood," the authors write. "The finding of metabolically obese normal weight children suggests that additional investigation for cardiovascular risk factors may be warranted in normal-weight children with an ethnic predisposition to chronic diseases."

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