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October 2014 Briefing - Pediatrics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pediatrics for October 2014. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Cosmetic Camouflage Benefits Youth With Visible Skin Issues

FRIDAY, Oct. 31, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Cosmetic camouflage can improve quality of life in children and adolescents with visible vascular and pigmentary anomalies, according to a study published in the November issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

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Physician-Dentist Collaboration Recommended in Diabetes Care

FRIDAY, Oct. 31, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Dentists are uniquely placed to identify patients with diabetes, and those with diabetes who are at risk for complications, according to an article published in the October issue of Clinical Diabetes.

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Fewer Malpractice Claims Paid in the United States

THURSDAY, Oct. 30, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The number of medical malpractice payments in the United States has dropped sharply since 2002, according to a new study. And compensation payment amounts and liability insurance costs for many doctors declined in recent years. These findings were published online Oct. 30 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Review: Lower IQ With Prenatal Exposure to Sodium Valproate

THURSDAY, Oct. 30, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Prenatal exposure to sodium valproate (VPA) is associated with a reduction in offspring IQ, according to a review published online Oct. 30 in The Cochrane Library.

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Would Alternative Payment Plan Cut Medical Bills?

THURSDAY, Oct. 30, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- New research supports replacing the traditional way of reimbursing doctors for care -- paying for each service provided -- with an alternative system that gives a set amount of money to health care organizations for patient care. The study was published in the Oct. 30 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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AMA Code of Ethics Offers Guidance for Physicians

THURSDAY, Oct. 30, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The American Medical Association (AMA) Code of Ethics and other articles provide guidance for physicians in relation to public health emergencies, according to a report from the AMA.

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Voters' Views on Affordable Care Act Split Along Party Lines

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 29, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Americans' opinions about the Affordable Care Act (ACA) are sharply divided along political lines, according to research published online Oct. 29 in the New England Journal of Medicine. The findings come from 27 public opinion polls conducted by 14 organizations.

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FDA Cautions Against 'Undeclared' Food Allergens

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 29, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Some food labels may not reliably list all possible food allergens, according to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. The agency added that these "undeclared allergens" are the leading cause of FDA-requested food recalls.

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Plastics' Chemical May Affect Boys' Genital Development

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 29, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Boys born to mothers with greater exposure to the chemical di-isononyl phthalate (DiNP) may have a shorter anogenital distance, according to a new study. The researchers said their findings, published online Oct. 29 in Environmental Health Perspectives, add to concerns about the possible effects of certain plasticizers on the male reproductive system.

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Less Competition Among Docs = Higher Medical Costs

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 29, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Competition between medical practices helps keep health care costs lower, according to a study published in the Oct. 22/29 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Noneconomic Damages Caps Cut Malpractice Payments by 15%

TUESDAY, Oct. 28, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Adoption of noneconomic damages caps reduces average malpractice payments by 15 percent, according to research published in the October issue of Health Affairs.

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Placebo Treatment May Quiet Children's Cough

TUESDAY, Oct. 28, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Giving young children agave nectar or a placebo treatment of flavored, colored water both appear to help reduce cough symptoms at night more than not giving any treatment, according to a new study. The findings were published online Oct. 27 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Congenital CMV Causes >10 Percent of Hearing-Loss Cases

TUESDAY, Oct. 28, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- More than 10 percent of infants with congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) will suffer permanent hearing loss, according to new research published online Oct. 27 in Pediatrics.

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Colleges Could Do More for Students With Chronic Illnesses

MONDAY, Oct. 27, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Many college health centers may lack the resources to fully care for students with chronic health conditions, according to new research published online Oct. 27 in Pediatrics.

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New York, New Jersey Ease Ebola Quarantines

MONDAY, Oct. 27, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Faced with pressure from the White House and criticism from infectious disease experts, the governors of New York and New Jersey have eased their quarantine measures that required all medical workers returning from West Africa who had contact with Ebola patients to be forced into isolation.

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CDC Issues Revised Interim U.S. Guidance on Ebola

MONDAY, Oct. 27, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Today, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has issued a revision of their Ebola guideline document -- Interim Guidance for Monitoring and Movement of Persons with Ebola Virus Disease Exposure.

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More Kids Harmed by Drinking in Pregnancy Than Expected

MONDAY, Oct. 27, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- As many as one in 20 U.S. children may have health or behavioral problems related to alcohol exposure before birth, according to new research published online Oct. 27 in Pediatrics.

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Overweight Youth With Asthma May Overuse Rescue Meds

MONDAY, Oct. 27, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Overweight and obese children with asthma may mistake symptoms such as exertional dyspnea and esophageal reflux for loss of asthma control, leading to unnecessary use of rescue medications, according to a study published online Oct. 14 in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.

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AAP Updates Guidelines for Bronchiolitis in Infants

MONDAY, Oct. 27, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A new clinical practice guideline that offers physicians guidance for the diagnosis and management of infants with bronchiolitis was published online Oct. 27 in Pediatrics.

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Two Biomarkers May Aid Diagnosis of Rhinosinusitis

FRIDAY, Oct. 24, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Two protein markers may serve as biomarkers for chronic rhinosinusitis, according to a proof-of-principle study published in The Laryngoscope.

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More Attention to CVD Risk Assessment in T1DM Urged

FRIDAY, Oct. 24, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a long-term complication of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), and more attention toward management of its associated risk factors and modifiers is urged in a scientific statement published in the October issue of Diabetes Care.

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New York City Health Officials Confirm First Ebola Case

FRIDAY, Oct. 24, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- New York City health officials said Thursday that a health care worker who recently returned from West Africa has tested positive for Ebola. The patient, identified as Craig Spencer, M.D., by city officials, had been working with Doctors Without Borders helping to treat Ebola patients in Guinea, one of three West Africa countries hit hard by the disease.

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Airborne Transmission of Ebola Highly Unlikely

FRIDAY, Oct. 24, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- People face no threat of airborne transmission of Ebola, according to a panel of Ebola experts gathered by the New England Journal of Medicine for an issue briefing Wednesday.

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Coworker Response 'Crucial' in Workplace Bullying Resolution

THURSDAY, Oct. 23, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Targets of workplace bullying can offer chaos, report, or quest narratives about their experiences, and coworker response plays a role in narrative development, according to a study published online Sept. 25 in Management Communication Quarterly.

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U.S. Ranks Last Among Wealthy Nations in Health Care Access

THURSDAY, Oct. 23, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. health care system ranks last compared to other industrialized nations when it comes to affordability and patient access, according to a new survey published in the Oct. 23 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Taking a 'Selfie' May Help With Dermatology Care

THURSDAY, Oct. 23, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- While in-office visits may still be best, virtual analysis may be a valuable option in atopic dermatitis care, according to a new study published online Oct. 22 in JAMA Dermatology.

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Americans Report Distrust of Medical Profession

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 22, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Americans are less trusting of the medical profession than people in many other countries -- even though they often like their own doctor, according to a new report. The findings were published in the Oct. 23 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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U.S. Residents Back From Ebola-Affected Areas to Be Tracked

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 22, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Public health officials plan to actively monitor all U.S. residents returning home from one of the three Ebola-affected nations in West Africa, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention announced Wednesday.

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Hospital Conversion to For-Profit Status Ups Financial Margins

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 22, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Hospital conversion to for-profit status is associated with improvements in financial margins, but has no effect on process quality metrics or mortality rates, according to a study published in the Oct. 22/29 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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APIC Provides Resources for Ebola Management

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 22, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Resources are available to increase protection against Ebola transmission, according to a report from the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC).

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Drug Coupons Shrink Patients' Costs Considerably

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 22, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Drug coupons could reduce patients' out-of-pocket costs by 60 percent, according to a study published in the October issue of Health Affairs.

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No Link Between Vaccinations, Risk for Multiple Sclerosis

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 22, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- There is no link between vaccines and increased risk of multiple sclerosis (MS) or other acquired central nervous system demyelinating syndromes, according to a study published online Oct. 20 in JAMA Neurology.

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Price Transparency Platform Linked to Lower Claims Payments

TUESDAY, Oct. 21, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Access to an employer-sponsored private price transparency platform is associated with reduced total claims payments, according to research published in the Oct. 22/29 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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CDC: 'Think Ebola' and 'Care Carefully'

TUESDAY, Oct. 21, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has issued updated guidelines for the use of personal protective equipment (PPE) by health care workers when caring for patients with Ebola, along with a reminder to health care workers to "Think Ebola" and to "Care Carefully."

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Law Requiring Release of Health Information Upheld

TUESDAY, Oct. 21, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A state law that requires plaintiffs to release relevant protected health information before proceeding with allegations of medical liability has been upheld by a federal appeals court, according to the American Medical Association (AMA).

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CDC Tightens Guidelines on Caring for Patients With Ebola

TUESDAY, Oct. 21, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has tightened previous infection control guidance for health care workers caring for patients with Ebola, the organization announced on Monday.

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Medication Errors Occur Every 8 Minutes in U.S. Children

MONDAY, Oct. 20, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A child receives the wrong medication or the wrong dosage every 8 minutes in the United States, according to a study published online Oct. 20 in Pediatrics.

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Circumcision Past Newborn Stage Poses Risk for Boys

MONDAY, Oct. 20, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- About 6 percent of U.S. boys are circumcised later than the first days or weeks of life, which increases costs and risks, according to new research published online Oct. 20 in Pediatrics.

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Children May Be at Lower Risk for Ebola Virus Disease

MONDAY, Oct. 20, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Children may be at lower risk of Ebola virus disease (EVD), but physicians should be aware of the signs and symptoms, according to a viewpoint piece published online Oct. 17 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Viewpoint: Getting United States Prepared for Ebola Outbreak

MONDAY, Oct. 20, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A case of delayed Ebola diagnosis in Dallas and subsequent infection of health care workers has highlighted the lack of preparedness for a U.S. outbreak of the disease, according to a viewpoint piece published online Oct. 17 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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New MCAT Shifts Focus, Will Include Humanities

MONDAY, Oct. 20, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) has been revised, and the latest changes, including more humanities such as social sciences, are due to be implemented next April, according to a report from the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC).

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Dutch Guidelines Do Not Cut Incidence of Group B Strep

MONDAY, Oct. 20, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Dutch guidelines, implemented in 1999, do not appear to be effective for reducing the incidence of invasive group B streptococcal disease in newborns, according to a study published in the November issue of The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

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Enterovirus Infection Linked to Incidence of T1DM in Children

MONDAY, Oct. 20, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The risk of type 1 diabetes is increased for children diagnosed with enterovirus infection, according to a study published online Oct. 17 in Diabetologia.

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Sustained Benefit for Parental Tobacco Control Program

MONDAY, Oct. 20, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Practices that are part of a parental tobacco control intervention have higher rates of delivering tobacco control assistance to parents over a one-year follow-up period, according to a study published online Oct. 20 in Pediatrics.

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Volume of Patient-to-Doc E-mails Up From 2001 to 2010

FRIDAY, Oct. 17, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- From 2001 to 2010 the volume of patient-to-physician electronic messages increased, but the rate per-capita stabilized, according to research published in the October issue of Health Affairs.

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Obama Appoints Ron Klain As 'Ebola Czar'

FRIDAY, Oct. 17, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- President Barack Obama on Friday appointed Ron Klain, a former chief of staff to Vice President Joe Biden, as Ebola "czar" to oversee the federal government's response to the presence of virus in the United States.

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Specialized Care Centers May Be Needed to Contain Ebola

FRIDAY, Oct. 17, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Specialized medical centers may be necessary to adequately treat and contain the Ebola virus in the United States, according to an ideas and opinions piece published online Oct. 16 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Many Docs Believe Mobile Health Apps Can Improve Patient Care

FRIDAY, Oct. 17, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A Manhattan Research survey recently found that many physicians believe digital communication technologies, including mobile apps, can be used to improve patient outcomes, according to an article published Oct. 8 in Medical Economics.

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CDC: Most Kindergartners Are Getting Their Vaccinations

THURSDAY, Oct. 16, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Most American children entering kindergarten are getting their required vaccinations, according to research published in the Oct. 17 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Immune Therapy Induces Remission for Many With ALL

THURSDAY, Oct. 16, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- An experimental immune-system therapy can often lead to complete remission in advanced acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients who have run out of other options, according to research published in the Oct. 16 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Limiting Malpractice Claims May Not Curb Costly Medical Tests

THURSDAY, Oct. 16, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Malpractice reform may not keep physicians from ordering unnecessary and expensive tests, according to a study published in the Oct. 16 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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ER Visits Linked to Synthetic Pot Up Significantly in Recent Years

THURSDAY, Oct. 16, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The number of visits to U.S. emergency departments linked to synthetic pot -- also known as "K2" or "Spice" -- have more than doubled in recent years, according to an Oct. 16 report from the U.S. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA).

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Ebola Workshop Scheduled for Nov. 3 in Washington, D.C.

THURSDAY, Oct. 16, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- At the request of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Institute of Medicine and the National Research Council will host a workshop to discuss research needed to prepare for handling the occurrence of Ebola virus disease in the United States, according to a press release from the National Academies.

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Repetitive Pitching Can Cause Teens Serious Shoulder Problems

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 15, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Young athletes who pitch more than 100 balls a week risk developing acromial apophysiolysis, according to research published online Oct. 14 in Radiology.

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Change in Doc, Public Attitudes Needed to Cut Overtreatment

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 15, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Reform of malpractice laws as well as inclusion of patients in medical decision making may help reduce overdiagnosis and overtreatment, according to an article published online Oct. 14 in The BMJ.

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More Children Receiving Medical Care in the ER

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 15, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- More children are going to the emergency department for health care, according to a research letter published in the Oct. 15 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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CDC Takes Steps Toward Hospital Preparedness for Ebola

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 15, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has sent new resources to Dallas to support the highest standard of infection control, according to a news release issued by the organization Tuesday.

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Second Health Care Worker in Dallas Tests Positive for Ebola

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 15, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A second health care worker who helped treat a patient who died of Ebola last week at a Dallas hospital has tested positive for the disease, health officials said Wednesday morning.

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CDC Develops a New, Faster Lab Test for Enterovirus D68

TUESDAY, Oct. 14, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has developed and begun using a new, faster lab test for the detection of enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) in specimens from people in the United States with respiratory illness, according to a news release issued by the organization on Tuesday.

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Resident Proficiency in High-Value Care Is Hard to Test

TUESDAY, Oct. 14, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The high-value care (HVC) subscore on the Internal Medicine In-Training Examination (IM-ITE) helps assess resident knowledge of HVC, but additional tools are needed to measure proficiency in practice, according to research published online Oct. 14 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Exercise May Not Ward Off Teen Depression

TUESDAY, Oct. 14, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Although exercise has long been thought to help improve the symptoms of depression, teenagers may not reap these benefits, a new British study suggests.

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Diabetes Management Advice Provided for Child Care Setting

TUESDAY, Oct. 14, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Young children with diabetes have unique management needs, which may necessitate special consideration in the child care setting, according to a position statement published in the October issue of Diabetes Care.

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Health Officials Reviewing Ebola Procedures at Dallas Hospital

MONDAY, Oct. 13, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Federal and local health officials said Monday that they were re-examining infection-control efforts at the Dallas hospital where a nurse contracted Ebola while caring for America's first diagnosed victim of the deadly disease.

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Sleeping on Sofa Can Be Deadly for Babies

MONDAY, Oct. 13, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Of nearly 8,000 infant sleeping deaths in the United States, about 12 percent were sofa-related, with nearly three-quarters of the deaths occurring in newborns, according to research published online Oct. 13 in Pediatrics.

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Calm, Positive Family Meals May Help Ward Off Child Obesity

MONDAY, Oct. 13, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Positive, calm, and friendly family meals might help a child avoid becoming overweight or obese, a new study suggests. The findings were published online Oct. 13 in Pediatrics.

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Texas Hospital Worker Tests Positive for Ebola

MONDAY, Oct. 13, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A health care worker who helped treat the Liberian man who died of Ebola in a Dallas hospital last week has tested positive for the virus, public health officials reported Sunday.

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Yoga Pose May Help Reduce Spinal Curve of Scoliosis

MONDAY, Oct. 13, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Asymmetric strengthening with yoga may reduce abnormal spinal curvature in patients with scoliosis, according to research published in the September issue of Global Advances in Health and Medicine.

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Medicines Are Biggest Culprit in Fatal Allergic Reactions

FRIDAY, Oct. 10, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Over half of allergy-related deaths are caused by medications, while less than 7 percent are caused by food allergies, according to research published online Sept. 30 in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.

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Americans Increasingly Anxious About Ebola

FRIDAY, Oct. 10, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- One-quarter of Americans now view Ebola as a major public health threat to the United States, with many saying they'd change their travel plans due to Ebola fears, a new Harris Poll/HealthDay survey reveals.

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Specialty Drugs May Be Worth the Higher Costs

FRIDAY, Oct. 10, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Despite high costs, specialty drugs may provide value that balances the price difference compared with traditional drugs, according to research published in the October issue of Health Affairs.

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AAFP Expresses Support for Bill Aiding Doc Re-Entry Into Practice

THURSDAY, Oct. 9, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) has expressed its support for proposed legislation designed to help primary care physicians return to clinical practice after a period away from patient care.

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Airborne Particulates Beyond Traffic Fumes Affect Lung Health

THURSDAY, Oct. 9, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Ambient particulates with median aerodynamic diameters of <10 µm (PM10) seem to cause more injury to airway epithelial cells (AEC) than traffic-derived airborne particulate matter, according to a study published online Sept. 14 in Respirology.

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Reducing Residency Work Hours Doesn't Affect Patient Outcomes

THURSDAY, Oct. 9, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Duty-hour reforms have not adversely affected hospital mortality or length-of-stay of patients cared for by new attending physicians who were partly or fully exposed to reduced duty hours during residency, according to research published in the October issue of Health Affairs.

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Five Major U.S. Airports to Screen Travelers for Ebola

THURSDAY, Oct. 9, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Five major U.S. airports will begin screening travelers entering the country from the three West African nations hit hardest by the ongoing Ebola epidemic, federal health officials announced Wednesday.

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Gene Therapy Shows Potential for Severe Immunodeficiency

THURSDAY, Oct. 9, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A new form of gene therapy may offer a safe and effective way to treat severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID), according to research published in the Oct. 9 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Dallas Ebola Patient Has Died, Hospital Officials Confirm

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 8, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Thomas Eric Duncan, the Liberian national who was the first person diagnosed with Ebola in the United States, died Wednesday morning at Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital in Dallas.

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CDC: U.S. Life Expectancy Hits Record High of Nearly 79 Years

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 8, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Average life expectancy in the United States reached an all-time high of 78.8 years in 2012, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported Wednesday. For people 65 years old in 2012, life expectancy was an additional 19.3 years, up slightly from the year before. Women age 65 and older in 2012 can expect to live another 20.5 years, while men may get around an additional 18 years.

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FARE, ACEP Develop New Anaphylaxis Toolkit

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 8, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A new anaphylaxis toolkit has been developed to help answer questions about managing life-threatening allergies after patients are discharged from the emergency department, according to a report from Food Allergy Research & Education (FARE) and the American College of Emergency Physicians.

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Tips Provided for Maximizing Use of Patient Portals

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 8, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Patient portals should be designed to meet patient priorities and promoted in order to maximize their use and boost practice efficiency, according to an article published Oct. 1 in Medical Economics.

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AAFP Urges Docs to Check Accuracy of Open Payments Data

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 8, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) urges family doctors to check the accuracy of the first set of data published by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) Open Payments transparency program.

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Fetal BPA Exposure to Tied to Childhood Wheeze

TUESDAY, Oct. 7, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure in pregnancy to bisphenol A (BPA) may increase a child's risk of respiratory issues, researchers say. The findings, published online Oct. 6 in JAMA Pediatrics, indicate that for every 10-fold increase in the average amount of BPA in the mothers' urine, there is a nearly 55 percent increase in the odds of some type of wheezing in their children.

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Obama Considers Tighter Ebola Screening for Travelers

TUESDAY, Oct. 7, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- President Barack Obama said Monday that his administration is preparing additional screening measures to prevent the Ebola epidemic in West Africa from gaining a foothold in the United States.

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Docs More Likely to Prescribe Unneeded Antibiotics Later in Day

TUESDAY, Oct. 7, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Doctors are more likely to prescribe unnecessary antibiotics for respiratory infections as the day progresses, according to a research letter published online Oct. 6 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Officials Report First Confirmed Death Due to Enterovirus D68

MONDAY, Oct. 6, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The first confirmed death due to Enterovirus D68 has been confirmed, a 4-year-boy in New Jersey, health officials report.

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EPA Wants Less Dental Mercury Entering Environment

MONDAY, Oct. 6, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has proposed new standards to reduce the amount of mercury released from dentists' offices.

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CDC Team Assisting Ebola Response in Dallas

MONDAY, Oct. 6, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Experts from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have arrived in Texas and are working closely with Texas state and local health departments to investigate the first Ebola case in the United States, according to a news release issued by the agency.

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States Encouraged to Use Physician Assistant Workforce

MONDAY, Oct. 6, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Physician assistants (PAs) have an important role in the provision of health care and their role should be encouraged by appropriate state legislation, according to a report from the National Governors Association.

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School-Based Health Centers Can Serve As Medical Homes

MONDAY, Oct. 6, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- School-based health centers (SBHCs) can serve as patient-centered medical homes, according to a study published online Oct. 6 in Pediatrics.

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Impact of Physician Payments Sunshine Act Discussed

MONDAY, Oct. 6, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The Physician Payments Sunshine Act is causing concern for manufacturers and providers, as well as physicians, according to a health policy brief published online Oct. 2 in Health Affairs.

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Researchers Further Explain the Role of Genetics in Height

MONDAY, Oct. 6, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- New research confirms that genetics play a huge role in determining height. The findings were published online Oct. 5 in the Nature Genetics.

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American Lung Association Offers Enterovirus D68 Advice

FRIDAY, Oct. 3, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- As Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) infections continue to spread across the United States, the American Lung Association offers information for parents and providers of children at risk.

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Physician Payments Found Not to Favor Procedures

FRIDAY, Oct. 3, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) Physician Fee Schedule does not systematically provide higher valuation of physician work per unit time for procedure/test codes than for evaluation and management (E/M) codes, according to a study published online Sept. 18 in the Annals of Surgery.

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Hospital Charges for Adolescent Scoliosis Surgery Up

FRIDAY, Oct. 3, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Over the last decade, the number of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) fusion procedures has remained constant, although hospital charges for the procedure have increased substantially, according to a study published in the Sept. 15 issue of Spine.

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Second Baby 'Cured' of HIV Suffers Relapse

FRIDAY, Oct. 3, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- An Italian toddler thought cured of HIV with early aggressive treatment following birth has suffered a relapse, his doctors report. The 3-year-old child's viral levels of HIV rebounded two weeks after doctors took him off antiretroviral medications, according to a case report published in the Oct. 4 issue of The Lancet. The child's HIV levels had been undetectable since he was 6 months old due to aggressive drug therapy that doctors started within 12 hours of his birth.

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Medical Errors Should Be Used to Improve Patient Care

THURSDAY, Oct. 2, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Medical errors occur and should be used to help improve medical processes, according to a report from the American Medical Association.

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Providers Received Billions From Drug/Device Companies

THURSDAY, Oct. 2, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- About 546,000 doctors and 1,360 teaching hospitals in the United States received billions of dollars from drug and medical device makers in the second half of 2013, according to data released Tuesday by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. The financial benefits ranged from research grants to trips, and totaled nearly $3.5 billion from August through December last year, the Associated Press reported.

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Updated Count for Those Potentially Exposed to U.S. Ebola

THURSDAY, Oct. 2, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Health officials in Texas say more than 80 people came into contact with Ebola patient Thomas Eric Duncan, on top of the 18 already under surveillance.

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Four Patients Who Died Tested Positive for Enterovirus D68

THURSDAY, Oct. 2, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Forty-two states and the District of Columbia now have a total of 500 confirmed cases of Enterovirus D68, the severe respiratory illness that has been infecting children since the summer, U.S. health officials reported Wednesday. Four people infected with the virus have died in recent weeks, but it's not clear what role -- if any -- the virus played in those deaths, officials said.

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Research Supports Free, Long-Acting Birth Control for Teens

THURSDAY, Oct. 2, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Giving teenage girls free birth control -- especially long-acting implanted devices -- could slash pregnancy and abortion rates to well below the current U.S. average, researchers report in the Oct. 2 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Infant's Early Diet Doesn't Change Celiac Disease Risk

THURSDAY, Oct. 2, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A newborn's risk of developing celiac disease isn't reduced by breastfeeding. Nor will delaying the introduction of gluten to an infant's diet help prevent celiac disease. These are the conclusions from a pair of new studies published in the Oct. 2 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Preterm Birth, Pneumonia Leading Causes of Child Mortality

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 1, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly two million children younger than 5 died worldwide in 2013 of complications from premature birth and pneumonia, according to a study published online Oct. 1 in The Lancet.

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Appropriate Use Criteria Established for Pediatric ECHO

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 1, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Appropriate use criteria have been developed for the initial use of transthoracic echocardiography in outpatient pediatric cardiology. The guidelines were published online Sept. 29 in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Burnout on the Job Isn't Just About the Work

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 1, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Work, non-work, and individual factors explain a considerable part of psychological distress, depression, and emotional exhaustion, according to a study published online July 24 in Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology.

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CDC Confirms First Patient Diagnosed With Ebola in U.S.

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 1, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The first confirmed case of Ebola has surfaced in the United States, involving a man who recently flew here from Liberia, federal health officials from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention announced late Tuesday.

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