Video Found to Be Useful in Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
Brief intervention for adolescent girls triples the likelihood that their partners will be treated
FRIDAY, Nov. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Adolescent girls who watch a community-specific video intervention at the time of diagnosis of pelvic inflammatory disease may be significantly more likely to have their sexual partners treated, according to a study published online Sept. 4 in the Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology.
Maria Trent, M.D., of the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in Baltimore, and colleagues randomly assigned 121 adolescents aged 15 to 21 years with mild to moderate pelvic inflammatory disease to receive either standardized care plus a six-minute intervention video or standardized care alone.
After two weeks, the researchers found no differences between the intervention and control groups in medication completion (66 versus 66 percent), sexual abstinence (78 versus 89 percent), and partner notification (88 versus 92 percent). However, their adjusted analysis showed that the intervention was associated with significantly higher rates of 72-hour follow-up (32 versus 16 percent) and partner treatment (71 versus 53 percent). In multivariate models, they determined that the intervention was associated with a tripled likelihood of partner treatment (adjusted odds ratio, 3.10).
"Given the value of partner treatment in secondary prevention of sexually transmitted diseases, this video may be an essential component of discharge programming in urgent care settings," the authors conclude. "Additional structural supports may be necessary to facilitate improved adherence to other key adherence behaviors."