Menstruation News

Menstruation refers to the bleeding that is part of a woman’s monthly period. During menstruation, a woman’s body sheds the lining of the uterus and passes it from the body through the vagina. Typically, menstruation lasts from three to five days each month.

Complications of Menstruation

Though menstruation is routine and uneventful for most women, it can cause unpleasant complications.

Some women experience pain and cramps, known as dysmenorrhea, during menstruation. In many cases, this occurs because the woman’s body has too much of the chemical prostaglandin. In other cases, related diseases like endometriosis and uterine fibroids can lead to the pain and cramping.

Some women also experience bleeding between periods, after sex, after menopause or with a heavier flow than normal. Other women may not experience a period when they should — and also are not pregnant. These situations are worth a trip to the doctor, as a variety of underlying causes can be related to changes to the menstrual cycle.

Treatments

Menstruation is managed by most women by using a pad or tampon to soak up the menstrual blood. How often to change the pad or tampon will vary from woman to woman, but it's recommended that tampons be changed at least every four to eight hours to prevent a complication known as toxic shock syndrome.

Most cases of cramping and pain during menstruation can be treated with over-the-counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen, ketoprofen or naproxen. Stronger prescription medication is available when these medications do not provide sufficient relief.

SOURCES: Office on Women's Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Date Posted
Article Title
2/8/2018
1/26/2018
1/19/2018
1/16/2018
9/11/2017
8 Ways College Women Can Protect Their Health

Awareness and follow-up are keys to avoiding gynecologic problems, expert advises

8/25/2017
Are Her Chocolate Cravings a Product of the Culture?

These premenstrual urges seem far more common among U.S. women than others, study suggests

8/9/2017
Does Early Puberty Affect a Girl's Academic Achievement?

Those who begin their periods younger may leave school sooner, research suggests

8/1/2017
Breast-Feeding Lowers Mom's Breast Cancer Risk: Study

It also reduces the child's future cancer risk, cancer institute reports

7/21/2017
Estrogen May Influence Women's Depression Risk

Early menstruation, more frequent periods seem to make sad times less likely, researchers suggest

7/5/2017
No Such Thing as Menstrual Memory Fog

Changes in hormones don't seem to affect the female brain, small study finds

7/5/2017
Menstruation and Brain Power

Does having your period negatively impact brain performance?

7/3/2017
Concussion Can Spur Short-Term Change in Women's Periods

Odds of abnormal menstrual bleeding jump 6 times after serious head injury, study says

5/15/2017
Timing of Menopause May Affect Heart Failure Risk

Women whose periods end early and those who never give birth seem at added risk, research suggests

1/25/2017
Premature or Early Menopause More Likely in Women Without Kids: Study

Odds also greater if monthly periods started at 11 or younger, researchers say

1/10/2017
Lower-Income Girls in U.S. Feel Unprepared for Puberty

Doctors, families should talk more about what to expect, researchers say

1/3/2017
Genes May Play Role in More Severe Form of PMS

Study adds to evidence of a biological cause of condition, researchers say

9/9/2016
Know Your Risk for Ovarian Cancer -- and the Symptoms

Because early signs are often easy to ignore, 140,000 women worldwide die of the disease every year

7/27/2016
Later Start, Finish to Menstruation May Extend Women's Lives

Those with this pattern were more likely to live past 90, study suggests

7/18/2016
3 Health Issues That Can Threaten Young Female Athletes

Pediatricians' group urges members to watch out for the 'female triad'

6/2/2016
Base Quit-Smoking Day on Menstrual Cycle?

Women may find it easier to say no after ovulation, study says

11/24/2015
Could PMS Raise Women's Risk for High Blood Pressure?

Study found rise in odds for hypertension in those with moderate-to-severe premenstrual syndrome

10/30/2015
Giving Birth, Breast-feeding May Help Women's Long-Term Health

Researchers find link between childbirth and lower risk of death from cancer or heart disease

9/28/2015
Genes Help Set Menopause Timing: Study

Findings might one day lead to fertility predictions, experts say

6/30/2015
Women's Faces Are Redder During Ovulation, Study Says

But these subtle changes aren't detectable to the human eye

6/16/2015
Menopausal Women's Sleep May Suffer at Different Times of the Month

Hormonal fluctuations during menstrual cycle are to blame, study says

2/5/2015
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Linked to Early Menopause: CDC

Disorder also associated with other menstrual problems and pelvic pain, study finds

1/28/2015
Soda Habit May Prompt Early Puberty in Girls, Study Suggests

Early menstruation a risk factor for depression and breast cancer, researchers say

1/27/2015
Female Hormone Disorder Linked to Numerous Health Conditions

Study found women with polycystic ovary syndrome more likely to be hospitalized for variety of reasons

1/7/2015
Could Quitting Smoking Be Easier for Women Just After Ovulation?

Hormonal fluctuations might play a role in cravings, researchers say

12/15/2014
Timing of First Period Tied to Women's Later Heart Risk: Study

Getting it earlier or later raised chances of trouble, experts think childhood obesity might be at play

11/18/2014
Study Ties Teen Smoking to Risk of Severe Menstrual Cramps

Tobacco use known to restrict blood flow, researchers say

7/23/2014
Gene Study Gives New Insight Into Puberty in Girls

Findings may also provide clues on biology of diseases, such as type 2 diabetes, researcher says

6/24/2014
Migraines May Worsen During Menopause

Women in perimenopause, menopause have more migraines than premenopausal women, study finds

6/5/2014
PMS Not Linked to Hot Flashes Later, Study Finds

But, women with PMS are more likely to have memory, concentration issues after menopause

4/16/2014
Bleeding Irregularities Common in Menopause, Study Finds

Report should reassure women at this stage of life, researcher says

4/9/2014
Irregular Periods May Be Risk Factor for Ovarian Cancer, Study Suggests

Preliminary finding might eventually offer clue to which women would benefit from early screening

1/21/2014
Sleep During the Day May Throw Genes Into Disarray

Study might explain why health problems are more common among night workers

12/9/2013
Viagra for Menstrual Cramps?

In preliminary study of 25 women, those getting the drug reported greater pain relief

11/13/2013
Time of Month May Affect Women's Concussion Recovery

Small study found those injured during 2 weeks before menstrual period healed more slowly

11/11/2013
Earlier Onset of Periods May Not Mean Earlier Sex

Girls who start menstruating before age 12 no more sexual than later bloomers, study finds

10/24/2013
Early Periods May Signal Greater Diabetes Risk, Study Suggests

Obesity alone doesn't explain the findings, researchers say

8/28/2013
Drinking Before First Pregnancy Raises Risk of Breast Cancer: Study

Experts urge alcohol moderation for women during this time of life

7/10/2013
Shift Work Might Affect Women's Periods, Fertility: Study

Women who only worked at night also had higher odds for miscarriage, researchers say

6/13/2013
Did Men's Yen for Younger Women Cause Menopause?

Study found bias may have sidelined older women sexually, prompted changes that led to infertility

3/26/2013
New Method May Help Pinpoint Woman's Final Menstrual Period

Doctors could use information to start preventive treatment for bone loss, researcher says

2/26/2013
Iron-Rich Diet Might Ease PMS Misery

Plant-based foods with iron, zinc may help stave off monthly symptoms, study found

11/15/2012
Early Menstruation Tied to Factors That Raise Heart Disease Risk

Having a first period at a young age linked to more body fat, which can harm heart, blood vessels

11/9/2012
Women's Respiratory Symptoms May Vary With Menstrual Cycle

For example, study found wheezing highest on days 10 to 22

10/19/2012
Are Knee Injuries Tied to Menstrual Cycle?

Researchers say monthly hormonal changes may contribute to ACL tears, chronic pain

8/3/2012
Child Abuse Might Alter Onset of Menstruation in Girls

Those who suffered sexual, physical trauma began periods earlier or later than average