December 2012 Briefing - Psychiatry

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Psychiatry for December 2012. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Type of Involvement in Gaming Impacts Perceived Social Support

MONDAY, Dec. 31 (HealthDay News) -- The level of psychological involvement in gaming determines the measure of a player's perceived social support, according to a study published in the current issue of Society & Leisure.

More Information

Low Insulin Secretion Tied to Depressive Symptoms in Women

FRIDAY, Dec. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Middle-aged women with insulin secretion levels in the lowest quintile appear to have more than twice the risk of developing new-onset depressive symptoms compared with those with higher insulin secretion levels, according to research published online Dec. 10 in Diabetes Care.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Elevated C-Reactive Protein Linked to Distress, Depression

FRIDAY, Dec. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Elevated plasma levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) are associated with psychological distress and depression in the general population, according to a study published online Dec. 24 in the Archives of General Psychiatry.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Weight-Based Victimization Common Among Heavy Teens

FRIDAY, Dec. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Weight loss treatment-seeking adolescents frequently report weight-based victimization (WBV) at school, which is perpetrated by adults as well as peers and friends, according to a study published online Dec. 24 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial

Functional MRI Spots Variances in Those With Bipolar Risk

FRIDAY, Dec. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Youth at increased genetic risk for bipolar disorder exhibit reduced brain signal from the inferior frontal gyrus when inhibiting responses to fearful face stimuli, according to a study published online Dec. 14 in Biological Psychiatry.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

MRI Fairly Accurate As Surrogate for CSF Biomarkers

THURSDAY, Dec. 27 (HealthDay News) -- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a fairly accurate screening tool for distinguishing between Alzheimer's disease (AD) and frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD), according to a study published online Dec. 26 in Neurology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial

Almost Half of Children With Food Allergy Report Being Bullied

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 26 (HealthDay News) -- For children with food allergy, bullying is common, and correlates with decreased quality of life and increased distress for children and their parents, according to a study published online Dec. 24 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Most Dermatologists Able to Spot Psychocutaneous Disease

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 26 (HealthDay News) -- While the majority of dermatologists feel capable of diagnosing psychocutaneous disease, most are also uncomfortable starting antidepressants or antipsychotics and feel unsuccessful in treating these conditions, according to research published in the January issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Topics of Sibling Conflict Have Distinct Effects on Teens

TUESDAY, Dec. 25 (HealthDay News) -- For adolescents, each underlying topic of sibling conflict has a distinct impact on their emotional adjustment, according to a study published online Dec. 20 in Child Development.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Internet Use Cuts Cancer Fatalism in Poorly Educated

MONDAY, Dec. 24 (HealthDay News) -- For adults with average or lower than average education or health knowledge, use of the Internet can reduce cancer fatalism, according to a study published in the December issue of the Journal of Communication.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Motor Vehicle Incidents Common in Medical Residents

FRIDAY, Dec. 21 (HealthDay News) -- During training, internal medicine residents commonly experience motor vehicle incidents, including crashes and near misses, but less commonly experience blood and body fluid (BBF) exposures, according to research published in the December issue of the Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

High Perceived Stress Related to Incident CHD

FRIDAY, Dec. 21 (HealthDay News) -- High perceived stress is associated with a moderate 27-percent increased risk of incident coronary heart disease (CHD), according to the results of a meta-analysis published in the Dec. 15 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

ACP Pledges to Try and End Firearms-Linked Death, Injuries

FRIDAY, Dec. 21 (HealthDay News) -- In the wake of the Dec. 14 tragic shooting in Newtown, Conn., the American College of Physicians (ACP) has pledged to play a part in ending recurring firearm-related deaths and injuries, according to an ACP statement published Dec. 20.

More Information

AAP to Obama: Make Safety of Children a National Focus

THURSDAY, Dec. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Responding to the Dec. 14 tragic shooting in Newtown, Conn., the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has expressed a willingness to work together with the government to ensure the health and safety of children, according to a letter written from the AAP to President Obama.

More Information

Overall, Teen Drug Use Remains Steady in 2012

THURSDAY, Dec. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Overall, illicit drug use among U.S. teenagers was unchanged over the past year; however, from 2007 to 2012, there has been an increase in illicit drug use among 12th graders and an increase in the use of marijuana among 10th graders, according to a report issued Dec. 19 by the White House Office of National Drug Control Policy.

More Information

Meds Adherence Self-Report Valid in Type 2 Diabetes

THURSDAY, Dec. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Self-reported measures of medication adherence in adults with type 2 diabetes are valid, although some self-reports are moderated by depression, according to a study published online Nov. 30 in Diabetes Care.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Alzheimer's Trial Participation Linked to Study Partner

THURSDAY, Dec. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) with non-spouse caregivers participate less frequently in AD clinical trials, according to research published online Dec. 19 in Neurology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Childhood Abuse Tied to Adult-Onset Asthma in Black Women

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 19 (HealthDay News) -- There is a positive association between adult-onset asthma and physical abuse in childhood among African-American women, according to a study published online Dec. 7 in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Many Docs Use Social Media to Find, Share Medical Data

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Most physicians use social media on at least a weekly basis, and report that it improves the quality of patient care they deliver, according to a study published in the September/October issue of the Journal of Medical Internet Research.

Full Text

Workplace Bullying Linked to Psychotropic Medication Use

TUESDAY, Dec. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Experiencing or observing workplace bullying increases the risk of subsequent psychotropic medication use, according to a study published online Dec. 12 in BMJ Open.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Suicide Risk Highest Shortly After Parental Psychiatric Event

TUESDAY, Dec. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Among adults and adolescents who have been hospitalized for an attempted suicide, the risk of suicide is highest within two years of a parental event (suicide attempt and suicide, inpatient care, and disability pension due to psychiatric diagnoses), especially among girls, according to a study published online Dec. 12 in PLOS ONE.

Abstract
Full Text

Significant, Complex Link ID'd Between Sleepiness, Vitamin D

TUESDAY, Dec. 18 (HealthDay News) -- There is a significant correlation between 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) and sleepiness, which is affected by race for individuals with vitamin D deficiency (VitDd; defined as 25(OH)D <20 ng/mL), according to research published in the December issue of the Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Health Care Satisfaction Rated As High by Unacculturated Hispanics

MONDAY, Dec. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Hispanic patients, particularly unacculturated Hispanics, rate their health care experience more highly than do other patient groups, according to a study published in the October issue of the Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

For Elderly, Stroke Risk Up With Psychosocial Distress

FRIDAY, Dec. 14 (HealthDay News) -- In older black and white adults, psychosocial distress is related to fatal and nonfatal stroke, according to a study published online Dec. 13 in Stroke.

Abstract
Full Text

Exposure to Nature Improves Creative Thinking

THURSDAY, Dec. 13 (HealthDay News) -- Spending several days hiking without access to electronic devices improves scores on a creativity test by 50 percent, according to a study published online Dec. 12 in PLOS One.

Abstract
Full Text

Adults With Autism Report Worse Health Care Experiences

THURSDAY, Dec. 13 (HealthDay News) -- Adults with autism report significantly worse health care experiences than adults without autism, according to a study published in the November issue of the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text

Current Health Costs Pushing Docs to Make Urgent Choices

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 12 (HealthDay News) -- The current growth in health care's share of the gross domestic product (GDP) and need to implement learning health systems is forcing physicians to make important choices, according to a perspective piece published online Dec. 12 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Full Text

Adolescent ADHD Predictor of Problems in Adulthood

TUESDAY, Dec. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adolescence is a major predictor of physical, mental, work, and financial problems in adulthood, according to a study published online Dec. 10 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text

Loneliness Linked to Increased Dementia Risk

TUESDAY, Dec. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Older adults who feel lonely have a higher risk of developing dementia, according to a study published online Dec. 10 in the Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Benzodiazepines Linked to Higher Risk of Pneumonia

TUESDAY, Dec. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Benzodiazepine use is associated with an increased risk of developing pneumonia as well as increased mortality following pneumonia, according to a study published online Dec. 5 in Thorax.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy Beneficial in Diabetes

TUESDAY, Dec. 11 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with diabetes and low levels of emotional well-being, mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) improves emotional distress and health-related quality of life, according to a study published online Nov. 27 in Diabetes Care.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Number of Independent Physicians Continues to Decline

MONDAY, Dec. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Physician business models are transforming, with a sustained shift away from independent practice, according to report released by the consulting firm Accenture.

More Information

Neuroplasticity Reduced in Teens Born Prematurely

FRIDAY, Dec. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Adolescents who were born prematurely have reduced neuroplasticity, which may explain their motor, learning, and memory difficulties, according to a study published in the Nov. 14 issue of the Journal of Neuroscience.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Concerns for Long-Term Safety of Antipsychotics in Over 40s

FRIDAY, Dec. 7 (HealthDay News) -- For patients over the age of 40 with psychosis, treatment with one of the four most commonly used atypical antipsychotic (AAP) drugs (aripiprazole, olanzapine, quetiapine, and risperidone) may lack effectiveness and is associated with a high incidence of side effects, according to a study published online Nov. 27 in the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Study Confirms Benefit of Adjunct CBT in Med-Resistant Depression

FRIDAY, Dec. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is effective for reducing depressive symptoms when used as an adjunct to usual care in medication-resistant patients, according to a study published online Dec. 7 in The Lancet.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Anticompetitive Market Power Common in Managed Care Plans

FRIDAY, Dec. 7 (HealthDay News) -- For each of the three most popular types of managed care plans in the United States (point-of-service plan [POS], health maintenance organization [HMO], and preferred provider organization [PPO]), anticompetitive market power is widespread, according to a Nov. 28 news release from the American Medical Association (AMA).

More Information

Health Care Law Boosts Savings on Meds for Medicare Recipients

FRIDAY, Dec. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Savings on prescription drugs related to the Affordable Care Act have reached $5.1 billion, according to a Dec. 3 news release from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

More Information

Emerging Risk Factors ID'd for Postpartum Depression

THURSDAY, Dec. 6 (HealthDay News) -- Emerging risk factors for postpartum depression include the serotonin transporter (5-HTT) genotype and omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (n-3 PUFA) status, both of which may interact to affect risk, according to a review published in the November issue of The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Wealth Affects Link Between Psychological Stress, Mortality

THURSDAY, Dec. 6 (HealthDay News) -- Low socioeconomic status (SES) amplifies the association between psychological distress and all-cause mortality, according to a study published online Dec. 3 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

FDA Requests Removal of Generic Budeprion XL 300 mg

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 5 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has concluded that generic Budeprion XL 300 mg (extended-release bupropion hydrochloride, manufactured by Impax Laboratories and distributed by Teva Pharmaceuticals) cannot be considered therapeutically equivalent to the brand-name product, according to a perspective piece published online Dec. 5 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Full Text

SAMHSA: Prevalence of Mental Illness in U.S. Stable in 2011

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 5 (HealthDay News) -- In 2011, nearly one in five adults in the United States reported any mental illness (AMI), and one in twenty suffered from serious mental illness (SMI), according to a Nov. 29 report published by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA).

More Information

Stimulant Still Available for Sale Despite FDA Action

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Products containing 1,3-dimethylamylamine (DMAA), a stimulant marketed as a dietary supplement in the United States, are still available for sale despite a warning from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, according to a research letter published online Dec. 3 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Psychotropics Seem to Be Appropriately Prescribed to Teens

TUESDAY, Dec. 4 (HealthDay News) -- There is no evidence that psychotropic medications are being overly prescribed or misused by U.S. adolescents, according to a study published online Dec. 3 in the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Predictors of QoL ID'd for Long-Term Lymphoma Survivors

TUESDAY, Dec. 4 (HealthDay News) -- A considerable proportion of long-term survivors of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) have persistently low or worsening quality of life (QoL), which is predicted by age, comorbidity, and the perception of cancer's impact, according to research published online Dec. 3 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Five-Hour Protected Sleep Feasible for Medical Interns

TUESDAY, Dec. 4 (HealthDay News) -- Implementation of a five-hour period of protected sleep is feasible for medical interns on long shifts, resulting in interns getting more uninterrupted sleep and feeling more alert the next day, according to a study published in the Dec. 5 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Smoking, Depression Tied to Lower Bone Accrual in Teen Girls

TUESDAY, Dec. 4 (HealthDay News) -- Depression and smoking appear to have a negative impact on bone accrual in adolescent girls, according to a study published online Dec. 4 in the Journal of Adolescent Health.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

SAMHSA: >11,000 ER Visits for Synthetic Marijuana in 2010

TUESDAY, Dec. 4 (HealthDay News) -- In 2010, more than 11,000 emergency department visits involved a synthetic cannabinoid product (synthetic marijuana, commonly known by street names including "Spice" and "K2"), 75 percent of which were among those aged 12 to 29 years, according to a report published Dec. 4 by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA).

More Information

Final Diagnostic Criteria for DSM-5 Approved by APA

MONDAY, Dec. 3 (HealthDay News) -- The final diagnostic criteria for the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) have been approved by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) Board of Trustees.

Press Release

Increasing Number of Workers in Self-Insured Health Plans

MONDAY, Dec. 3 (HealthDay News) -- There has been a recent increase in the percentage of workers in the private sector who are enrolled in self-insured health plans, in which the employer assumes the financial risk related to health insurance (unlike a fully-insured plan, where the insurance company assumes the risk), according to research published in the November issue of the Employee Benefit Research Institute's Notes.

More Information

Physician's Briefing