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June 2020 Briefing - Psychiatry

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Psychiatry for June 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Brain Iron Concentrations Increased in Alzheimer Disease

TUESDAY, June 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with Alzheimer disease (AD) have increased iron concentration in the deep gray matter and neocortical regions compared with healthy controls (HC), according to a study published online June 30 in Radiology.

Abstract/Full Text

NY Health Care Workers Report Distress Related to COVID-19 Care

MONDAY, June 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Many New York City health care workers are experiencing COVID-19-related psychological distress, especially nurses and advanced practice providers, according to a study published in the upcoming September-October issue of General Hospital Psychiatry.

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Altered Mental Status Not Uncommon in Severe COVID-19

MONDAY, June 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Altered mental status is the second most common neurological presentation for patients with COVID-19, according to a study published online June 25 in The Lancet Psychiatry.

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Suicide Rate Up for Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders

MONDAY, June 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Overall, 1.71 percent of individuals with a first lifetime diagnosis of schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, or psychotic disorder not otherwise specified (schizophrenia spectrum disorders [SSD]) die by suicide, according to a study published online June 2 in Schizophrenia Research.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Trump Administration Asks Supreme Court to Overturn Affordable Care Act

FRIDAY, June 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The Trump administration has asked the Supreme Court to overturn the Affordable Care Act (ACA).

Washington Post Article

Sex, Ethnic Differential Patterns of COVID-19 Unexplained

THURSDAY, June 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Sex and ethnicity differential patterns of COVID-19 positivity are not explained by cardiometabolic, socioeconomic, or behavioral factors, according to a study published online June 19 in the Journal of Public Health.

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Quality of Life Worse for Cancer Patients During COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, June 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with stage III and IV cancer have worse quality of life during the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a research letter published online June 17 in Psycho-Oncology.

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Inflammatory Bowel Disease Linked to Subsequent Dementia

WEDNESDAY, June 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is associated with an increased risk for developing dementia, according to a study published online June 23 in Gut.

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Suicide Risk Increased After Hip Fracture in Elderly Patients

WEDNESDAY, June 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Elderly patients with hip fracture have an increased risk for suicide, according to a South Korean study published in the June 17 issue of The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Safety Climate Perceptions Linked to Health Provider Stress

MONDAY, June 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Safety climate perceptions are associated with care practitioner-reported stress and job satisfaction, according to a study published in the May-June issue of the Journal of Healthcare Management.

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No Big Increase Seen in Loneliness During U.S. COVID-19 Outbreak

MONDAY, June 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Social distancing during the COVID-19 pandemic has not led to an overall increase in loneliness among Americans, according to a study published online June 22 in American Psychologist.

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Depression, Anxiety Up for New Moms During COVID-19

MONDAY, June 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There was a considerable increase in self-reported maternal depression and anxiety from prepandemic to current times, with physical activity mitigating the likelihood of anxiety and depression, according to a study published online June 19 in Frontiers in Global Women's Health.

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Reduced Circadian Rhythmicity Tied to Increase in Parkinson Disease

FRIDAY, June 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Reduced circadian rhythmicity is associated with an increased risk for incident Parkinson disease (PD), according to a study published online June 15 in JAMA Neurology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

CDC: Deaths From Exposure to Heat-Related Conditions Identified

THURSDAY, June 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A total of 10,527 deaths resulting from exposure to heat-related conditions were identified during 2004 to 2018, according to research published in the June 19 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Court Rules Against Drug Price Disclosures in TV Ads

THURSDAY, June 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. government does not have the legal authority to force drug companies to disclose prices in their TV ads, a federal appeals court says.

AP News Article

High-Deductible Health Plans Affect Care in Bipolar Disorder

THURSDAY, June 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with bipolar disorder, there is a reduction in nonpsychiatrist mental health provider visits, but no change in psychiatrist visits, after switching to a high-deductible health plan (HDHP), according to a study published online June 16 in the American Journal of Managed Care.

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Telehealth Counseling Cuts Weight Regain in Rural Communities

THURSDAY, June 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For individuals in rural communities, extended care for obesity management via individual telephone counseling reduces weight regain, according to a study published online June 15 in JAMA Network Open.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Hallucinations Tied to Mental Illness in Individuals With Seizures

TUESDAY, June 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Hallucinatory experiences in individuals with seizures are markers of high risk for mental health disorders and suicidal behavior, according to a study published online June 10 in Epilepsia.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Stressful Life Events May Up CHD Risk in Type 2 Diabetes

TUESDAY, June 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Higher levels of stressful life events are associated with a higher risk for coronary heart disease (CHD) among postmenopausal women with type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online June 4 in Diabetes Care.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Sexual Inactivity Has Increased Among U.S. Men, Women

MONDAY, June 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Sexual inactivity has increased among U.S. men and women, according to a study published online June 12 in JAMA Network Open.

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Editorial

Familial Psychiatric History Common in Bipolar Disorder

MONDAY, June 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Outpatients with bipolar disorder often have familial psychiatric history, which is associated with disease severity and sociodemographic measures, according to a study published in the Aug. 1 issue of the Journal of Affective Disorders.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Stay-at-Home Orders Challenging Obese Patients

FRIDAY, June 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Obese patients are reporting physical and mental health challenges during the COVID-19 stay-at-home orders, according to a study published online June 9 in Clinical Obesity.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Worsened ADHD Behaviors Reported for Children During COVID-19

THURSDAY, June 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), parents reported worsened ADHD behaviors during the COVID-19 outbreak, with children's and parents' moods positively associated with behavior, according to research published online in the June issue of the Asian Journal of Psychiatry.

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Risk Factors for Suicide ID'd in Health Care Professionals

THURSDAY, June 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Modifiable and nonmodifiable risk factors for suicide have been identified among health care professionals, according to a study published online June 10 in JAMA Surgery.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Depressive Symptoms Linked to CVD Risk, Mortality

THURSDAY, June 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Depressive symptoms are associated with an increased risk for incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality in economically diverse settings, according to a study published online June 10 in JAMA Psychiatry.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Volunteering Linked to Reduced Risk for Mortality in Seniors

THURSDAY, June 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For adults older than 50 years, volunteering is associated with a reduced risk for mortality and physical functioning limitations, according to a study published online June 11 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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Psychological Distress Up Among U.S. Adults During COVID-19 Pandemic

THURSDAY, June 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of reported symptoms of psychological distress among U.S. adults was higher in 2020 during the COVID-19 pandemic than in 2018, according to a research letter published online June 3 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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High-Risk Drinking Could Further Increase Liver Disease

WEDNESDAY, June 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Without substantial changes in drinking, the disease burden and deaths due to alcohol-related liver disease will worsen in the United States through 2040, according to a study published in the June issue of The Lancet Public Health.

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Editorial

USPSTF Urges Primary Care Docs to Ask Adults About Drug Use

WEDNESDAY, June 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends that primary care clinicians ask adults about drug use and connect them to services for treatment and appropriate care. These recommendations form the basis of a final recommendation statement published in the June 9 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Evidence Report
Final Recommendation Statement
Editorial

Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems Tied to Smoking Relapse

TUESDAY, June 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) are associated with an increased risk for cigarette smoking relapse, while adults who vape nontobacco flavored electronic cigarettes are more likely to quit smoking, according to two studies published online June 5 in JAMA Network Open.

Abstract/Full Text - Everard
Abstract/Full Text - Friedman and Xu
Editorial

WPSI Advises Screening for Anxiety in Women, Teen Girls

TUESDAY, June 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Screening for anxiety is recommended for women and adolescent girls, according to a review and clinical guideline published online June 9 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Review (subscription or payment may be required)
Clinical Guideline
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Filling Opioid Rx Postpartum Ups Serious Opioid-Related Events

TUESDAY, June 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Filling an opioid prescription in the postpartum period is associated with an increased risk for serious opioid-related events (SOREs), with the risk increasing with the number of prescriptions filled, according to a research letter published online June 9 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Adverse Childhood Environment Tied to Later Health Problems

MONDAY, June 8, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- An adverse childhood family environment is associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) incidence and all-cause mortality later in life, according to a study published in the May 5 issue of the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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Newborn Respiratory Distress Up With Maternal Antidepressant Use

MONDAY, June 8, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Risk for newborn respiratory distress increases in a dose-response manner in association with maternal use of prenatal antidepressants, according to a study published online June 8 in Pediatrics.

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Editorial

Encounters for Suicidal Ideation in ED Down During 'Stay at Home'

MONDAY, June 8, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Suicide ideation (SI) complaints to the emergency department decreased during the "stay at home" order for COVID-19, while the percentage of alcohol use presentations increased, according to a research letter published online June 1 in the American Journal of Emergency Medicine.

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Skin Psoriasis, Somatic Comorbidity Up Psychiatric Illness

MONDAY, June 8, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Skin psoriasis and somatic comorbidity are associated with onset of psychiatric illness (PI), according to a study published online June 3 in JAMA Dermatology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Antiepileptic Drugs May Up Death Risk in Patients With Alzheimer Disease

FRIDAY, June 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) are associated with a higher risk for mortality in patients with Alzheimer disease (AD), according to a study published online May 19 in Neurology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Handgun Ownership Linked to Increased Risk for Suicide

THURSDAY, June 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Handgun ownership is associated with an increased risk for suicide, which is driven by higher rates of suicide by firearms, according to a study published in the June 4 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Editorial

Low-Dose Aspirin Does Not Prevent Depression in Older Adults

THURSDAY, June 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For older adults, low-dose aspirin does not reduce the risk for depression, according to a study published online June 3 in JAMA Psychiatry.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Benzodiazepine Use Linked to Risk for Ectopic Pregnancy

WEDNESDAY, June 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Women with benzodiazepine prescriptions before pregnancy may have increased risk for ectopic pregnancy, according to a study published online June 2 in Human Reproduction.

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USPSTF Advises Pharmacotherapy to Aid Smoking Cessation

TUESDAY, June 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends behavioral interventions and pharmacotherapy for smoking cessation in adults and behavioral interventions for pregnant women. These recommendations form the basis of a draft recommendation statement published online June 2 by the USPSTF.

Draft Evidence Review
Draft Recommendation Statement
Comment on Recommendation Statement

COVID-19 Took Toll on Mental Health of Chinese Physicians

TUESDAY, June 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians in China experienced a significant increase in mental health symptoms and fear of violence and a decline in mood after the outbreak of COVID-19, according to a research letter published online June 1 in JAMA Network Open.

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Risk for Committing Violent Crime May Be Increased by SSRI Use

TUESDAY, June 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A small percentage of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) users may have an increased risk for violent crime during the treatment period, according to a study published online May 29 in European Neuropsychopharmacology.

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Editorial

High-Potency Cannabis Tied to Increased Use, Anxiety Disorder

TUESDAY, June 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- High-potency cannabis is associated with increased cannabis use and problems and an increased likelihood of anxiety disorders, according to a study published online May 27 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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Inaccurate Provider Directories Can Lead to Out-of-Network Mental Health Care

MONDAY, June 1, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Inaccuracies in provider directories are associated with use of out-of-network mental health care providers and surprise bills, according to a study published in the June issue of Health Affairs.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Italian Health Care Workers' Mental Health Suffering During COVID-19

MONDAY, June 1, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Health care workers (HCWs) in Italy who treated COVID-19 patients self-report substantial mental health symptoms, according to a research letter published online May 28 in JAMA Network Open.

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ABCDE Bundle Can Reduce Ventilation Time for ICU Patients

MONDAY, June 1, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Use of the awakening and breathing coordination, delirium monitoring/management, and early mobility (ABCDE) bundle can reduce ventilation time for patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU), according to a study recently published in AACN Advanced Critical Care.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

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