October 2009 Briefing - Psychiatry
Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Psychiatry for October 2009. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.
Working After Retirement Associated With Better Health
FRIDAY, Oct. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Retirees who engage in bridge employment tend to have better health than those who cease work completely, according to a study published in the October issue of the Journal of Occupational Health Psychology.
Additional Recommendations for Imaging on the Rise
THURSDAY, Oct. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Recommendations for additional imaging in radiology reports at one institution increased steeply in recent years, and from 1980 to 2006, radiologic and nuclear medicine procedures increased roughly 10-fold and 2.5 fold, respectively, according to two studies the November issue of Radiology.
Overweight Patients May Have Effect on Doctor's Attitude
THURSDAY, Oct. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians have lower respect for patients with high body mass index (BMI), which may have an impact on patient care and outcomes, according to a study published online Sept. 18 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Helps Overcome Winter Blues
THURSDAY, Oct. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with seasonal affective disorder who undergo a one-year course of cognitive behavioral therapy, either on its own or in combination with light therapy, are less likely to have a recurrence of winter depression than their counterparts who undergo light therapy alone, according to a study in the September issue of Behavior Therapy.
Impact of Childhood Sleep Patterns on Obesity Evaluated
WEDNESDAY, Oct. 28 (HealthDay News) -- In children, getting more sleep on weekends and holidays may reduce the risk of overweight or obesity associated with reduced sleep during weekdays, according to a Chinese study published online Oct. 26 in Pediatrics.
Antipsychotic Drugs Can Cause Pediatric Weight Gain
TUESDAY, Oct. 27 (HealthDay News) -- The second generation of antipsychotic mediations cause weight gain and adverse changes in lipid and metabolic parameters, according to a study in the Oct. 28 Journal of the American Medical Association.
Homelessness, Marginal Housing Affect Mortality Risk
TUESDAY, Oct. 27 (HealthDay News) -- People living in shelters for the homeless and other marginal housing such as rooming houses and hotels are at higher risk of mortality than low income status alone can account for, according to a study published Oct. 26 in BMJ.
Deep Brain Stimulation May Help in Tourette Syndrome
TUESDAY, Oct. 27 (HealthDay News) -- Thalamic deep brain stimulation reduces tic severity in patients with severe and refractory Tourette syndrome, and also improves symptoms of anxiety and depression, according to a study in the Oct. 27 issue of Neurology.
Medical School Enrollment Continues to Expand
MONDAY, Oct. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Almost 18,400 students enrolled in medical school in the United States in 2009, a 2 percent increase over the previous year, but even more expansion is needed to meet future demand, according to an Oct. 20 report from the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC).
Cortisol Linked to Bone Loss in Women With Anorexia
MONDAY, Oct. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Cortisol levels are higher in women with anorexia nervosa and hypothalamic amenorrhea than healthy women, and are strongly associated with depression, anxiety and bone loss, according to a study published online Oct. 16 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.
Childhood-Cancer Survivors at Risk of Suicidal Thoughts
FRIDAY, Oct. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Adult survivors of childhood cancers are more likely to have thoughts of suicide, particularly if they are in poor mental and physical health, according to a study published online Oct. 19 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.
Some Hospital Staff Predicted to Be Infection Superspreaders
THURSDAY, Oct. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Hospital staff such as therapists and radiologists who are in contact with all patients have the potential to be superspreaders of infection if they fail to wash their hands regularly, according to a study published online Oct. 19 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
Psychiatric Problems Affect Impact of Urinary Infections
WEDNESDAY, Oct. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Psychiatric health problems and sexual trauma are common among women who present with lower urinary tract infections, and these issues have an effect on the impact of such infections, according to a study published online Oct. 20 in advance of the December print issue of The Journal of Urology.
Childhood Hyperactivity Linked to Shortened Nighttime Sleep
WEDNESDAY, Oct. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Children who are not able to sleep through the night are more likely to be hyperactive, with the risk especially high for boys with adverse family living conditions, according to a study published online Oct. 19 in Pediatrics.
Sources Find Different Numbers of Active Physicians
WEDNESDAY, Oct. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Estimates from U.S. Census Bureau surveys find fewer older physicians remaining active compared with the American Medical Association Physician Masterfile data, according to research published in the Oct. 21 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.
Omega-3 Augmentation of Antidepressant Evaluated
TUESDAY, Oct. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Giving omega-3 fatty acids along with sertraline to patients with depression and coronary heart disease (CHD) did not augment the effect of the antidepressant, according to a study in the Oct. 21 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.
Morbidity Reduced for People Who Have Nearby Green Space
FRIDAY, Oct. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Populations in areas with nearby green space tend to have a lower prevalence of common diseases and conditions, particularly depression and anxiety, according to a study published online Oct. 15 in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.
FDA Launches Drug Disposal Advice Web Page
FRIDAY, Oct. 16 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has launched a new Web page for consumers to educate them on the safe disposal of certain medicines that can be dangerous or even fatal if they end up in the wrong hands.
Cognitive Factors Preceding Alzheimer's Disease Examined
THURSDAY, Oct. 15 (HealthDay News) -- The onset of Alzheimer's disease can be seen on tests for several cognitive factors up to three years prior to clinical diagnosis, according to a study in the October issue of the Archives of Neurology.
Outcomes Studied in Nursing Home Patients With Dementia
WEDNESDAY, Oct. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Nursing home residents with advanced dementia have a high mortality rate, and residents with end-stage renal disease who begin dialysis face a high risk of functional decline in the following year, according to two studies in the Oct. 15 New England Journal of Medicine.
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Acceptance of Prognosis Can Help Cancer Patients Cope
WEDNESDAY, Oct. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with advanced cancer are more likely to be depressed and anxious if they have not come to terms with their situation, according to a study published online Oct. 13 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.
Prenatal Drug Exposure Linked to Children's Later Behaviors
TUESDAY, Oct. 13 (HealthDay News) -- Prenatal substance exposure could lead to later behavioral problems in children through multiple pathways, according to research published online Oct. 12 in Pediatrics.
Practice Updates Issued for Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
TUESDAY, Oct. 13 (HealthDay News) -- New research promises to improve the management of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, according to two Practice Parameter updates published in the Oct. 13 issue of Neurology.
Guided Imagery Program Can Help Ease Children's Belly Pain
MONDAY, Oct. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Adding a home-based guided imagery program to standard medical care was found to more effectively treat functional abdominal pain in children than medical care alone, according to research published online Oct. 12 in Pediatrics.
Health Care Disparities Among States Found to Be Widening
FRIDAY, Oct. 9 (HealthDay News) -- Increasing health care costs and growing disparities in coverage among U.S. states point to the urgent need for national health care reform, according to an Oct. 8 state-by-state report card from the Commonwealth Fund Commission, a private foundation supporting research on the health care system.
Impact of Maternal Depression and Abuse on Children Studied
FRIDAY, Oct. 9 (HealthDay News) -- When mothers have mental health problems or are victims of family abuse, it negatively impacts the care and health of their children, according to a pair of studies in the October issue of the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.
Doctor Attitude Affects Counsel on Emergency Contraception
THURSDAY, Oct. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Pediatricians who have less favorable attitudes toward abortion and teen sex are less likely to counsel their patients on emergency contraception and prescribe it in accordance with pediatric practice guidelines, according to a study in the October issue of the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.
Childhood Trauma Linked to Premature Death
THURSDAY, Oct. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Multiple adverse childhood experiences such as abuse, witnessing domestic violence, parental separation or divorce, or growing up in a household where members are mentally ill, substance abusers, or sent to prison may be associated with premature death, according to a study published online Oct. 6 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.
Medication Errors in Nursing Home Residents Assessed
THURSDAY, Oct. 8 (HealthDay News) -- In the United Kingdom, more than two-thirds of nursing home residents may be exposed to medication errors, according to a study in the October issue of Quality and Safety in Health Care.
Roundtable Discussion Tackles Health Care Reform
WEDNESDAY, Oct. 7 (HealthDay News) -- The health care payment system, the role of consumers in responsible health care spending, and the use of comparative-effectiveness research were topics covered in a roundtable discussion with several health economics experts published in the Oct. 8 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.
Medical Students Want More Practice of Medicine Training
WEDNESDAY, Oct. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Medical students in the United States perceive that they are not getting enough training in the practice of medicine, particularly in medical economics, according to a study in the September issue of Academic Medicine.
Depression, Anxiety May Raise Odds of Obesity
WEDNESDAY, Oct. 7 (HealthDay News) -- There is an association between common mental disorders such as depression and anxiety and the risk of future obesity, according to a study published Oct. 6 in BMJ.
Telephone Care and Therapy Help to Treat Depression
WEDNESDAY, Oct. 7 (HealthDay News) -- The Mediterranean diet may protect against depression, while telephone care and counseling can help to treat it, according to two studies published in the October issue of the Archives of General Psychiatry.
Cocaine Vaccines Not Effective or Long Lasting Enough
WEDNESDAY, Oct. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Cocaine vaccination is only effective in a minority of patients and the effect is not sustained, according to a study published in the October issue of the Archives of General Psychiatry, while a second study finds that naltrexone implants are more effective than oral doses of the drug in treating heroin addiction.
Mother's Use of Antidepressant May Carry Risks for Newborn
WEDNESDAY, Oct. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Newborns who have been exposed in utero to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) taken by their mothers are at higher risk for shorter gestational age, preterm delivery and admission to a neonatal intensive care unit, according to a study in the October Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.
Effectiveness and Cost Help to Make Coverage Decisions
TUESDAY, Oct. 6 (HealthDay News) -- Countries using evidence-based cost-effectiveness and effectiveness to help make drug coverage decisions show how these factors can successfully support decision making and can also be adapted to the specific conditions of other countries, according to a study in the Oct. 7 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.
Nicotine Replacement in Pregnant Smokers Likely Safe
MONDAY, Oct. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Nicotine replacement therapy does not increase the risk of adverse events in pregnant smokers, according to a study in the October issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.
Autism Spectrum Disorder May Affect 673,000 Children in U.S.
MONDAY, Oct. 5 (HealthDay News) -- In the United States, the point-prevalence of autism spectrum disorder in children may be significantly higher than previously estimated, according to a study published online Oct. 5 in Pediatrics.
Prevalence of Alcohol as Self-Medication for Pain Assessed
MONDAY, Oct. 5 (HealthDay News) -- The use of alcohol as a self-management strategy for orofacial pain and arthritis raises concerns about potential interactions between alcohol and pain medications, according to research published in the September issue of the Journal of Pain.
Heroin, Crack Treatment Often Successful in Short Term
FRIDAY, Oct. 2 (HealthDay News) -- Heroin and crack cocaine addiction can be successfully treated in the short term with either pharmacological or psychosocial methods, but treatments are less successful in those with addictions to both drugs, according to a study published online Oct. 2 in The Lancet.
High-Status Children More Likely to Be Healthier Adults
FRIDAY, Oct. 2 (HealthDay News) -- Children with the highest status among their peers are at lower risk for disease in adulthood, according to a study published online Sept. 29 in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.
Smoking Cessation Drug Likely Doesn't Raise Self-Harm Odds
FRIDAY, Oct. 2 (HealthDay News) -- The smoking cessation drug varenicline is likely not associated with increased risk of self-harm, although a two-fold increased risk cannot be ruled out, according to a study published Oct. 2 in BMJ.
Emergence of Nootropic Drugs Raises Familiar Ethical Issues
THURSDAY, Oct. 1 (HealthDay News) -- The emerging use of cognitive-enhancing nootropic drugs, the so-called "smart drugs," in competitive academia raises ethical issues that parallel the doping controversy played out over the past 50 years in competitive sports, according to a paper in the October issue of the Journal of Medical Ethics.
Key Elements of Workplace Wellness Programs Outlined
THURSDAY, Oct. 1 (HealthDay News) -- Successful workplace wellness programs combine a range of interventions that promote change at both the individual and organizational level, according to a study published online Sept. 30 in Circulation.
Sleep Deprivation May Be Associated With Alzheimer's
THURSDAY, Oct. 1 (HealthDay News) -- Sleep deprivation may play a role in the development of Alzheimer's disease, according to research published online Sept. 24 in Science.
Strep Infections Not Linked to Neuropsychiatric Disorders
THURSDAY, Oct. 1 (HealthDay News) -- In children, streptococcal infections do not appear to significantly affect the onset of neuropsychiatric disorders, according to a study published online Sept. 30 in Neurology.
CDC Says States Not Meeting Fruit and Veggie Objectives
THURSDAY, Oct. 1 (HealthDay News) -- In a Sept. 29 press release, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says no U.S. state is currently meeting the national Healthy People 2010 objectives for fruit and vegetable consumption.