September 2008 Briefing - Psychiatry
Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Psychiatry for September 2008. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.
Long-Term Psychotherapy Seen As Beneficial
TUESDAY, Sept. 30 (HealthDay News) -- In the treatment of patients with complex mental disorders, long-term psychodynamic psychotherapy lasting at least a year is significantly more effective than short-term therapy, according to a review published in the Oct. 1 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.
News Media Under-Report Drug Company Funding of Research
TUESDAY, Sept. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Reports on medication research published in general news media often fail to disclose that the research received pharmaceutical company funding and frequently refer to drugs by brand name rather than using the generic name, according to an article published in the Oct. 1 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.
Depression Screening Urged for Heart Patients
TUESDAY, Sept. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Because coronary heart disease is often accompanied by depression, clinicians should aggressively screen patients for symptoms of depression and provide appropriate treatment, according to an American Heart Association Science Advisory published online Sept. 29 in Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.
Psychotropic Drug Use in Youths Varies Across Countries
MONDAY, Sept. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Treatment patterns of psychotropic medication in children and adolescents vary widely between the United States, the Netherlands and Germany, according to an article in the Sept. 25 issue of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health.
Hypnosis May Relieve Hot Flashes in Breast Cancer Survivors
THURSDAY, Sept. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Hypnosis may be beneficial in reducing hot flashes in breast cancer survivors, according to research published online Sept. 22 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.
High-Caffeine Drinks Pose Growing Health Hazard
THURSDAY, Sept. 25 (HealthDay News) -- The growing popularity of high-caffeine content energy drinks has resulted in an increasing number of reports of caffeine intoxication, and an increase in the combined use of caffeine and alcohol, according to a study published online Sept. 21 in Drug and Alcohol Dependence.
Post-Operative Delirium Increases with Statin Use
TUESDAY, Sept. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Post-operative delirium is significantly more common among patients using statins compared to patients using other cardiac and non-cardiac medications, according to a report in the Sept. 23 issue of CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.
No Change to 2009 Part B Medicare Premium
MONDAY, Sept. 22 (HealthDay News) -- There will be no change to the Part B Standard Medicare premium in 2009 compared with 2008. This is the first time since 2000 that the premium has not risen over the prior year, according to an announcement by the Department of Health and Human Services' Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS).
Antibiotic Resistance Has Become a Global Pandemic
FRIDAY, Sept. 19 (HealthDay News) -- A concerted international and national response, behavior change by consumers and providers, and the development of antibacterial agents are all urgently needed to tackle the global problem of rapidly increasing antibiotic resistance, according to an article published online Sept. 18 in BMJ.
Sarcoidosis Patients at Risk of Mental Illness
THURSDAY, Sept. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Sarcoidosis patients are at risk of developing depression, anxiety and other mental disorders, and many should be referred for psychiatric or psychological evaluation, according to a report published in the September issue of General Hospital Psychiatry.
Newer Schizophrenia Drugs May Have Metabolic Side Effects
MONDAY, Sept. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Second-generation, or atypical, antipsychotic drugs used to treat children and adolescents with early-onset schizophrenia or schizo-affective disorder are not necessarily superior to first-generation drugs, according to an article published online Sept. 15 in the American Journal of Psychiatry.
Maternal Factors Linked to Likelihood of Spanking
FRIDAY, Sept. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Mothers with depression or exposure to partner violence are more likely to spank their children, according to research published online Sept. 11 in the Archives of Disease in Childhood.
Age Affects Dopamine Response to Oxycodone in Mouse Study
THURSDAY, Sept. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Levels of dopamine in adult and adolescent mice differ in response to oxycodone infusions, indicating that understanding behavioral and neurobiological changes produced by oxycodone may be important in discovering mechanisms related to oxycodone addiction, according to a report published online Sept. 10 in Neuropsychopharmacology.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Helps Children Handle Trauma
WEDNESDAY, Sept. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Cognitive behavioral therapy in groups and individually can help children and teens overcome trauma symptoms, such as depressive disorders, anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder, according to study findings published in the September issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.
Smoking Cessation Services Fail to Attract Young People
WEDNESDAY, Sept. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Smoking cessation services fail to attract young people and have only a modest impact on smoking behavior among the young, according to an editorial published online Sept. 10 in BMJ.
Physical, Sexual Abuse Linked to Asthma in Children
FRIDAY, Sept. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Puerto Rican children are more likely to have asthma if they have been a victim of physical or sexual abuse, according to a study published in the Sept. 1 issue of the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.
Review Finds No Link Between Montelukast, Suicide
FRIDAY, Sept. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Although media reports have questioned a link between montelukast use and suicide, three randomized trials didn't find that reduced emotional well-being is an adverse effect of the drug, according to a review published online Aug. 29 in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.
Low Birth Weight Problems Persist Through School Age
FRIDAY, Sept. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Psychiatric problems related to low birth weight extend throughout the period of school attendance, according to research published in the September issue of the Archives of General Psychiatry.
Perceived Harm of Prescription Meds Affects Non-Medical Use
THURSDAY, Sept. 4 (HealthDay News) -- College students who perceive the non-medical use of prescription drugs as harmful are less likely to use them, although this does not deter students with high sensation-seeking behavior, researchers report in the September issue of Prevention Science.
Many Youth Rwandan Heads of Household Depressed
THURSDAY, Sept. 4 (HealthDay News) -- Orphaned youths heading households in Rwanda report high levels of depression and are more likely to feel depressed if feeling hunger, grief or socially marginalized, having few assets, or being in poor health, according to a study in the September issue of the Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine.
PET Scans May Help Explain Seasonal Mood Change
THURSDAY, Sept. 4 (HealthDay News) -- Serotonin transporter binding was higher in individuals during the fall and winter than in the spring and summer in multiple brain regions, a finding that may help explain seasonal mood changes, according to research published in the September issue of the Archives of General Psychiatry.
Defribrillator Improves Quality of Life in Heart Failure
WEDNESDAY, Sept. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Heart failure patients who receive an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) have reduced mortality and report a good quality of life a year later compared with medical therapy, although patients who receive shocks also have a higher risk of death, according to two studies in the Sept. 4 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.
Paternal Age May Influence Bipolar Risk in Offspring
WEDNESDAY, Sept. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Children of older fathers may have a higher risk of bipolar disorder, and family-focused therapy along with medication is effective in treating bipolar-related depression in adolescents, according to the results of two studies published in the September issue of the Archives of General Psychiatry.
Three Questions Can Screen for Postnatal Depression
WEDNESDAY, Sept. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Postpartum depression can be reliably diagnosed using just three questions in a primary care setting, according to the results of a study published online Sept. 1 in Pediatrics.
Temperature Changes May Improve Elderly Sleep
WEDNESDAY, Sept. 3 (HealthDay News) -- While changes in temperature affect sleep of young and old patients similarly, elderly patients may not perceive these temperature changes, which may contribute to sleep complaints, researchers report in the September issue of Sleep.
US Youth Suicides Trend Upward After Recent Decline
TUESDAY, Sept. 2 (HealthDay News) -- Suicide trends among 10- to 19-year-olds in the United States declined from 1996 to 2002, but from 2003 to 2004 they spiked 18 percent and remained higher than expected in 2004 to 2005, according to a research letter published in the Sept. 3 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.
Exercise Improves Cognition in At-Risk Older Adults
TUESDAY, Sept. 2 (HealthDay News) -- In older adults with subjective memory impairment, a six-month program of physical activity may lead to modest improvements in cognition, suggesting that exercise may help prevent Alzheimer's disease, according to research published in the Sept. 3 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.
Mental Distress Common Among Medical Students
TUESDAY, Sept. 2 (HealthDay News) -- During medical school, about half of students experience burnout and one in 10 experience suicidal ideation, researchers report in the Sept. 2 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.
Maternal Stress May Affect Childhood Obesity
TUESDAY, Sept. 2 (HealthDay News) -- More than children who live in food insecure low-income households, younger children whose mothers are under stress are at greater risk for obesity, according to research published in the September issue of Pediatrics.
Emotional Problems at Age 6 Associated with Preterm Birth
TUESDAY, Sept. 2 (HealthDay News) -- Children who are born at 25 weeks' gestation or less are at elevated risk of having emotional or behavioral problems by the age of 6 years, according to research published in the September issue of Pediatrics.