Being Male and Overweight Increases Habitual Snoring Risk

Cigarette smoking and asthma also increase chances of problem snoring

MONDAY, Dec. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Men who are obese, who gain weight, start smoking or develop asthma are at risk for becoming habitual snorers, researchers report in the December issue of Chest.

Matthew Knuiman, Ph.D., of the University of Western Australia in Perth, and colleagues compared body weight and respiratory risk factors in 967 adults between 25 and 74 years of age who did not report snoring in a 1981 survey and who were reassessed in a 1994-1995 survey.

The researchers found that 13 percent of the initial non-snorers snored habitually when followed up in 1994-1995. Key risk factors were being male (odds ratio, 3.5) and body mass index at baseline (OR, 1.4 per 3.4 kilograms per square meter).

Other habitual snoring risk factors included starting smoking, development of asthma, and body mass index changes during the 14-year follow-up, the report indicates.

"This study has confirmed male gender, obesity and weight gain as key determinants of habitual snoring, and has indicated that development of asthma and taking up smoking also play a role," the authors write. "Maintaining a healthy weight and not smoking are recommended lifestyle preventive strategies to reduce the risk of sleep-disordered breathing and its sequelae."

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