April 2017 Briefing - Radiology
Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Radiology for April 2017. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.
Meeting Organizers Overlooking Qualified Female Scientists
FRIDAY, April 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Invited speakers at medical conferences tend to be disproportionately male, a disparity that can be addressed by actively preparing lists of potential speakers, according to a study published online April 18 in Nature Immunology.
Older Women Show Limited Understanding of Osteoporosis
FRIDAY, April 28, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Many older women have low awareness about osteoporosis and its contribution to fracture risk and a lack of understanding about the benefits of osteoporosis pharmacotherapy, according to a study published April 19 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.
Risk Factors in Six Areas Tied to Physician Burnout
THURSDAY, April 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Physician burnout factors include control, whether there is time to deliver excellent care, and whether the workplace is fair, according to a presentation at the Medical Group Management Association/American Medical Association 2017 Collaborate in Practice Conference, held April 9 to 11 in Chicago.
Single-Payer Health System Bill Moves Forward in California
THURSDAY, April 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A proposal to replace private insurance with government-funded health care for all moved forward in California on Wednesday as Democrats on the Senate Health Committee voted to advance the measure.
Deep Convolutional Neural Networks Accurately Detect TB
WEDNESDAY, April 26, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Deep learning with deep convolutional neural networks (DCNNs) can result in accurate detection of tuberculosis (TB) on chest radiographs, according to a study published online April 25 in Radiology.
PSA Screening Rates Have Leveled Off in U.S.
TUESDAY, April 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Rates of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening have leveled off after declining for a number of years in the United States, according to a research letter published online April 24 in JAMA Internal Medicine.
Study Looks at ER Visits for Patients Injured by Police in U.S.
WEDNESDAY, April 19, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- More than 50,000 Americans are treated each year for injuries inflicted by police, according to a research letter published online April 19 in JAMA Surgery.
Doctors Need to Be Mindful of What They Post on Social Media
MONDAY, April 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Young doctors often have unprofessional or offensive content on their Facebook profiles, according to a study published online April 9 in BJU International.
ASCO Updates Recs on Potentially Curable Pancreatic Cancer
MONDAY, April 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Guidelines relating to the appropriate adjuvant regimen for patients with pancreatic cancer have been updated in light of new evidence, according to a special article published online April 11 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.
Breast Cancer Rates Increasing Among Asian-American Women
FRIDAY, April 14, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Breast cancer rates among Asian-Americans are steadily rising in contrast to other racial/ethnic groups, according to a study published online April 1 in Breast Cancer Research and Treatment.
Cancer Occurrence Differs Among African-Born, U.S.-Born Blacks
THURSDAY, April 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Cancer rates differ between African- and U.S.-born black Americans, with cancer rates varying by region of birth in Africa, according to a study published online April 13 in Cancer.
Mortality Up With Depression Just Before Breast Cancer Diagnosis
THURSDAY, April 13, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Women with newly-developed depression before a breast cancer diagnosis have a modestly, but significantly, increased risk for death, according to a study published online April 7 in Cancer.
Doctor Communication Style Key During Bad-News Encounters
TUESDAY, April 11, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Enhanced patient-centered communication (E-PCC) positively impacts patients' psychological state during bad-news encounters, according to a study published online April 5 in Cancer.
Most Physicians Suggest Annual Mammograms for Women 40-44
MONDAY, April 10, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Four out of five doctors still recommend annual mammograms for women in their early 40s, despite guideline changes that have pushed back the age for yearly breast cancer screening, according to the results of a survey published online April 10 in JAMA Internal Medicine.
Air Pollution, Ozone Exposure Linked to Breast Density
FRIDAY, April 7, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Air pollution and ozone exposure may in part explain geographical variation in mammographic density, according to a study published online April 6 in Breast Cancer Research.
MACRA Changes Government Approach to Doctor Payment
FRIDAY, April 7, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Implementation of the Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act (MACRA) has made fundamental changes to the government's approach to physician payment, according to a March 27 policy brief published in Health Affairs.
Risk Adjustment, Reinsurance Transfer Offer Financial Benefit
THURSDAY, April 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Risk adjustment and reinsurance transfer programs seem to have been effective for increasing revenues at the expense of claims costs, according to research published in the March issue of Health Affairs.
Survival Up With Surgery for Abdominal Melanoma Metastases
THURSDAY, April 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with melanoma that has spread to the abdomen who get drug therapy and surgery to remove their cancer live twice as long -- 18 months on average -- as those who only get medication, according to a study published online April 5 in JAMA Surgery.
Rates of Colorectal CA Screening Lower for Adults With Disabilities
THURSDAY, April 6, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- American adults with disabilities have lower colorectal cancer screening rates than other adults, according to a study published recently in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.
'SuperAgers' Have Less Whole-Brain Cortical Volume Loss
WEDNESDAY, April 5, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Cognitively-average elderly adults have greater annual whole-brain cortical volume loss than adults age 80 years and older with episodic memory ability at least as good as that of average middle-age adults (SuperAgers), according to a research letter published in the April 4 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.
Use of Health Literacy Tools Can Promote Shared Decision Making
MONDAY, April 3, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Use of health literacy tools is encouraged for facilitating shared decision making (SDM), according to an article published in the March issue of the AMA Journal of Ethics.
MRI Measures Can Predict Pulmonary Arterial HTN Outcome
MONDAY, April 3, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measures can predict outcomes in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), according to a study published online March 22 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.