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August 2010 Briefing - Radiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Radiology for August 2010. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

PET/CT Imaging Restages Prostate Cancer After Surgery

FRIDAY, Aug. 27 (HealthDay News) -- Positron emission tomography/computerized tomography (PET/CT) to detect [11C]choline uptake appears to be useful for re-evaluating prostate cancer disease stage for men who have increasing prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels after radical prostatectomy and no evidence of disease on conventional imaging, according to a study in the September issue of The Journal of Urology.

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New Breast Imaging Methods May Sharply Raise Cancer Risk

TUESDAY, Aug. 24 (HealthDay News) -- One breast-specific gamma imaging (BSGI) or positron emission mammography (PEM) exam is associated with a lifetime attributable risk (LAR) of fatal cancer that is at least as high as that associated with a lifetime of annual screening mammography, according to a report published online Aug. 24 in Radiology.

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New Abdominal CT Technique Reduces Dose, Noise

FRIDAY, Aug. 20 (HealthDay News) -- A new low-dose computed tomography (CT) technique appears to be an effective alternative to standard CT for abdominal scans, with reduced radiation dose and less imaging noise, according to research published in the September issue of the American Journal of Roentgenology.

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Pay For Performance Expedites Radiologists' Reports

FRIDAY, Aug. 20 (HealthDay News) -- The implementation of a pay-for-performance program (PFP) appears to significantly expedite the turnaround time of finalized radiologist reports, an important quality care metric, according to research published in the September issue of the American Journal of Roentgenology.

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MRI May Not Explain Long-Term Whiplash Pain

FRIDAY, Aug. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Although some patients with whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) continue to experience neck pain in the long term, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may not explain their symptoms, according to a study in the Aug. 15 issue of Spine.

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Ultrasound May Often Overestimate Renal Stone Size

THURSDAY, Aug. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Ultrasound often overestimates the size of stones in urolithiasis, particularly when the stones are 5 mm or smaller, according to research published in the August issue of Urology.

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Patient Role in Cancer Treatment Decisions Varies

MONDAY, Aug. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Cancer patients tend to participate in treatment decision-making more when evidence of benefit is uncertain, but leave treatment decisions to physicians in cases where there is no evidence at all to support treatment benefits, according to research published online Aug. 16 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Spinal Cord Diffusivity Predicts Relapse Recovery in MS

MONDAY, Aug. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Measurements of spinal cord diffusivity in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) with cervical cord relapse may be predictive of clinical recovery, according to research published online Aug. 4 in Multiple Sclerosis.

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Adherence to Discography Guidelines Is Lackluster

THURSDAY, Aug. 12 (HealthDay News) -- National compliance with professional guidelines for discography, a controversial procedure to diagnose disc damage contributing to back pain, ranges from poor to fair, according to research published in the August issue of the Journal of Spinal Disorders & Techniques.

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Angiography Urged for Vascular Bleeding After Spine Surgery

MONDAY, Aug. 9 (HealthDay News) -- Evaluation of possible vascular injuries occurring during spinal surgery should be rapid, starting with computed tomography (CT) in most cases and progressing immediately to angiography if arterial bleeding is suspected, according to research published in the August issue of the Journal of Spinal Disorders & Techniques.

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Left Atrial Index Predicts Mitral Regurgitation Outcome

THURSDAY, Aug. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Left atrial volume indexed to body surface area (LA index) predicts mortality risk in patients with organic mitral regurgitation (MR), according to research published in the Aug. 10 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Industry-Funded Clinical Trials Yield More Positive Outcomes

TUESDAY, Aug. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Drug clinical trials supported by industry are more likely to produce favorable results than trials supported by government or nonprofit/nonfederal organizations, and they are less likely to be published within two years of the study being completed, according to research published in the Aug. 3 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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