December 2015 Briefing - Radiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Radiology for December 2015. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

AMA: Burnout Is Top Issue for Physicians in 2015

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 30, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Physician burnout is the top issue for physicians in 2015, according to a report published by the American Medical Association (AMA).

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Breast CA Detection Comparable for Ultrasound, Mammography

TUESDAY, Dec. 29, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Ultrasound and mammography appear equally likely to detect breast cancer, according to research published online Dec. 28 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

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Higher Hospital Prices in U.S. 'Monopoly Markets'

MONDAY, Dec. 28, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Prices at hospitals in monopoly markets are 15 percent higher than those at hospitals in areas with at least four providers, according to research published recently at the Health Care Pricing Project website.

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Specific, Consistent ICD-10 Coding Key to Timely Payments

TUESDAY, Dec. 22, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- In order to prevent denials, it is important to code correctly within the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10), with specificity matching documentation, according to an article published in Medical Economics.

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Affordable Care Act Has Improved Access to Care, Affordability

MONDAY, Dec. 21, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Implementation of the Affordable Care Act has improved access to care and affordability of care for many adults, according to a study published in the December issue of Health Affairs.

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Ultrasound Can Determine Fetal Sex in First Trimester

MONDAY, Dec. 21, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Ultrasound can be used to determine the sex of a fetus during the first trimester of pregnancy, according to a study published online Dec. 11 in the Journal of Clinical Ultrasound.

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Ultrasound Findings in Invasive Breast CA Link to Histopathology

FRIDAY, Dec. 18, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Histopathologic patterns and biomarkers for invasive breast cancer correlate with differences in findings on sonographic (US) imaging, according to a study published in the January issue of the Journal of Clinical Ultrasound.

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Surgery May Beat Radiotherapy for Localized Prostate Cancer

THURSDAY, Dec. 17, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Men with localized prostate cancer are more likely to survive if they have surgery rather than radiation therapy, according to findings published online Dec. 14 in European Urology.

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Ultrasound Can Read Weight of Fetuses With FGR in Obese Moms

THURSDAY, Dec. 17, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Sonographic (US) examination can accurately estimate fetal weight, even in overweight and obese women with singleton pregnancies affected by fetal growth restriction (FGR), according to research published in the January issue of the Journal of Clinical Ultrasound.

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Industry Outpacing NIH in Funding Research

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 16, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- There's been a sharp rise in the number of industry-funded clinical trials and a significant decline in those financed by the U.S. government in recent years, according to findings published in the Dec. 15 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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'Suicide Gene Therapy' Plus Radiation Effective in Prostate CA

TUESDAY, Dec. 15, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A combination of immune-modulatory in situ gene therapy (GT) and intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) is highly effective in treating prostate cancer, according to a study published online Dec. 12 in the Journal of Radiation Oncology.

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Medial, Not Lateral, Femorotibial Cartilage Change Predictive of OA

MONDAY, Dec. 14, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA), cartilage thickness change is associated with radiographic and pain progression, according to a study published in the December issue of Arthritis & Rheumatology.

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New Model of Inpatient Care Can Improve Outcomes

MONDAY, Dec. 14, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Implementation of a new model of care can improve outcomes of care in medical and surgical units, according to a study published in the December issue of the Journal of Hospital Medicine.

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Accuracy of Clinical Diagnosis in TIA Called Into Question

FRIDAY, Dec. 11, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- The presence of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) lesions is similar in patients clinically diagnosed with transient neurological attack (TNA) and transient ischemic attack (TIA), calling into question the accuracy of clinically diagnosing TIA, according to research published in the December issue of the Annals of Neurology.

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Seven Behaviors Suggested to Improve 'Art of Medicine'

FRIDAY, Dec. 11, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Seven behaviors should be implemented to improve the art of medicine, which can help improve relationships with patients, according to an article published in Family Practice Management.

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Radiographs Not Picking Up Osteoarthritis in Hip

THURSDAY, Dec. 10, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- X-rays don't detect hip osteoarthritis (OA) in many patients, resulting in delayed diagnosis and treatment, according to findings published online Dec. 2 in The BMJ.

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Percentage of Graduates Entering GME Stable Over Past Decade

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 9, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Despite an increase in the number of U.S. medical school graduates, over the past decade the percentage entering graduate medical education (GME) training has remained stable, according to a research letter published in the Dec. 8 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, a theme issue on medical education.

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Depression Not Uncommon Among Resident Physicians

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 9, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- More than one in four doctors-in-training may be depressed, which could put their patients at risk, according to a study published in the Dec. 8 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, a theme issue on medical education.

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Med Ed Can Be Improved for High-Value, Cost-Conscious Care

TUESDAY, Dec. 8, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- The combination of effective transmission of knowledge, facilitation of reflective practice, and a supportive environment can educate physicians to deliver high-value, cost-conscious care, according to a review published in the Dec. 8 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, a theme issue on medical education.

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CDC: Fewer Americans Struggling With Medical Bills

TUESDAY, Dec. 8, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Fewer American families are struggling to pay medical bills, according to a report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

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U.S. Health Care Spending Increased in 2014

TUESDAY, Dec. 8, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- The expansion of insurance coverage and increases in retail prescription drug spending contributed to an increase in total national health care expenditures in 2014, according to a report published online Dec. 2 in Health Affairs.

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Guidelines Developed for Perinatal Hematologic Cancers

MONDAY, Dec. 7, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Consensus guidelines have been developed for clinical management of hematologic malignancies during the perinatal period, according to a special article published online Nov. 30 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Excess Relative Risk of Repeat CT Scans Can Be Quantified

FRIDAY, Dec. 4, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Excess relative risk of computed tomography (CT) scans for quantification of cystic fibrosis (CF) can be calculated, according to a letter published in the Dec. 1 issue of the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Mechanical Thrombectomy Benefits Large Vessel Occlusion

FRIDAY, Dec. 4, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with acute ischemic stroke caused by large artery occlusion, mechanical thrombectomy after usual care is associated with improved outcomes versus usual care alone, according to a review published in the Dec. 8 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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AMA: Case Before Supreme Court Threatens Patient Privacy

THURSDAY, Dec. 3, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A case before the Supreme Court is potentially threatening patient confidentiality, according to the American Medical Association (AMA).

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False-Positive Mammogram May Hint at Breast Cancer Risk Later

THURSDAY, Dec. 3, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Women who receive a false-positive result on a mammogram may be at increased risk of developing breast cancer later, according to research published online Dec. 2 in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.

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Burnout Rates on the Rise for Physicians

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 2, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Burnout is a growing problem among American doctors, according to research published in the December issue of the Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

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Physician's Briefing