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February 2016 Briefing - Radiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Radiology for February 2016. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

After-Hours CTs on the Rise in Some Emergency Departments

FRIDAY, Feb. 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The number of after-hours computed tomography (CT) scans referred by Australian emergency departments increased substantially from 2011 to 2013, according to a study published in the February issue of the Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology.

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Suggestions for Optimizing Practice Feedback Effectiveness

THURSDAY, Feb. 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- In an article published online Feb. 23 in the Annals of Internal Medicine, 15 suggestions are presented to optimize the effectiveness of practice feedback.

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PET Scans May Be Overused in Monitoring of Cancer Survivors

TUESDAY, Feb. 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Many lung and esophageal cancer survivors have positron emission tomography (PET) imaging scans as part of ongoing monitoring, but many of those scans may be unnecessary, according to a study published online Feb. 22 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

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Cutting Radiation Exposure Still Yields Acceptable CT Quality

TUESDAY, Feb. 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- An initiative to employ indication-specific computed tomography (CT) protocols and adjustment of scan parameters to decrease radiation exposure still delivers an acceptable level of diagnostic imaging quality, according to a study published in the February issue of the Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology.

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Low-Dose Biplanar Radiography Can Measure Leg Length

THURSDAY, Feb. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Low-dose biplanar radiography (EOS) may perform as well as conventional computed tomography (CT) scans in assessing limb length, according to an experimental study published in the January issue of the Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics.

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Many Med Schools Appear Unwelcoming Regarding Disability

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Most medical schools need to post, update, or clarify technical standards (TSs), required under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), that detail what a school will do to accommodate a student with a disability, according to a study published online Jan. 19 in Academic Medicine.

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Functional Imaging Beneficial for Analgesic Drug Development

FRIDAY, Feb. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Functional magnetic resonance imaging with central sensitization can be used in early human drug development, according to a study published in the January issue of Anesthesiology.

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CDC: Number of Uninsured Persons in U.S. Down Since 2013

FRIDAY, Feb. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The percentage of uninsured persons is decreasing in the United States, according to a report published by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

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AMA Highlights Issues Relating to Medical Liability Reform

MONDAY, Feb. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Medical liability reforms are likely to be advanced and challenged in 2016, according to a report published by the American Medical Association (AMA).

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Thyroid Cancer Risk Up Following Breast Cancer and Vice Versa

MONDAY, Feb. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The likelihood of developing breast or thyroid cancer as a secondary malignancy is increased following diagnosis of the other cancer, according to a review published in the February issue of Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.

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Doctors Offer Suggestions for Electronic Health Records

FRIDAY, Feb. 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians recently met in Seattle to discuss the difficulties and benefits associated with electronic health records (EHRs) in a third town hall meeting on the subject, according to a report published by the American Medical Association.

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Guided Meditation, Music Cuts Anxiety During Breast Biopsy

FRIDAY, Feb. 5, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Listening to guided meditation or music significantly lowers patient anxiety and fatigue during imaging-guided breast biopsy, according to a study published online Feb. 4 in the Journal of the American College of Radiology.

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Axonal Injury in Brain Trauma Tied to β-Amyloid Burden

THURSDAY, Feb. 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Imaging studies suggest that the development of β-amyloid (Aβ) plaques in individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) may be related to the presence of axonal damage, according to research published online Feb. 3 in Neurology.

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Video Games Offer Educational Methods for Med Students

THURSDAY, Feb. 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Video games can play a role in medical education, offering new methods for teaching medical students, according to a report published by the American Medical Association (AMA).

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Patient-Centered System Recommended for Medical Billing

THURSDAY, Feb. 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Simplification, consolidation, and real time point-of-care information could address the inefficiencies in the medical billing system, according to an Ideas and Opinions piece published online Feb. 2 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Lower Risk of Contrast-Induced Nephropathy With Iodixanol

TUESDAY, Feb. 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Iodixanol is associated with lower risk for contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) versus low-osmolar contrast media (LOCM); and among those receiving LOCM, the greatest risk reduction is seen for N-acetylcysteine and statins plus N-acetylcysteine, according to two reviews published online Feb. 2 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Echo Underused During Critical Cardiovascular Hospitalizations

TUESDAY, Feb. 2, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Despite increasing rates of use, echocardiography (echo) may be underused during critical cardiovascular hospitalizations, according to a study published in the Feb. 9 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Proton Radiotherapy May Be New Option for Peds Brain Tumor

MONDAY, Feb. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- An open-label, phase 2 trial showed acceptable toxicity and survival rates for the use of proton radiotherapy in children with medulloblastoma. The findings were published online Jan. 29 in The Lancet Oncology.

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