January 2009 Briefing - Radiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Radiology for January 2009. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Treatment Regimens Equally Effective for Larynx Cancer

FRIDAY, Jan. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Sequential and alternating chemotherapy and radiation are equally effective for survival and larynx preservation in patients with larynx cancer, according to an article published in the Feb. 4 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

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US Outpatient Surgeries Increasingly Common

FRIDAY, Jan. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Outpatient surgery visits are rising in the United States, with the number increasing from 20.8 million in 1996 to 34.7 million in 2006. They now account for nearly two-thirds of all surgery visits compared to about half of all surgery visits in 1996, according to a report issued Jan. 28 by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Mammography Benefits High-Risk Women in Late 30s

FRIDAY, Jan. 30 (HealthDay News) -- For women carrying mutations in the BRCA gene, who are advised to begin mammography screening at as early as 25 to 30 years of age, the reduction in breast cancer mortality outweighs the risk of radiation-induced cancer mortality in women screened annually at 35 to 39 years of age but maybe not younger age groups, according to the results of a study published in the Feb. 4 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

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FX06 Cuts Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Injury

THURSDAY, Jan. 29 (HealthDay News) -- In patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention to treat acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), using intravenous FX06, a fibrin-derived naturally occurring peptide, significantly reduces the necrotic core zone, but does not change scar size or troponin I levels, according to study findings published online Jan. 28 in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Low Mammogram Rates Among Pediatric Cancer Survivors

TUESDAY, Jan. 27 (HealthDay News) -- Despite recommended guidelines, a number of women who received chest radiation for a childhood cancer have not had mammography screening for breast cancer in the previous two years, according to the results of a study published in the Jan. 28 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Clinical Information Technology Leads to Safer Hospitals

TUESDAY, Jan. 27 (HealthDay News) -- Hospitals that make use of clinical information technology to automate notes, records, order entry and clinical decision support have lower mortality rates, fewer complications and also save money, according to a report published in the Jan. 26 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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Prolonged Use of Loop Diuretics May Raise Fracture Risk

MONDAY, Jan. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Postmenopausal women who use loop diuretics are at increased risk of fractures, according to a report published in the Jan. 26 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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Adjuvant Radiation Shows Benefit After Prostate Surgery

FRIDAY, Jan. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Adjuvant radiotherapy shortly after radical prostatectomy in men with extraprostatic prostate cancer is associated with improved survival, according to research released online Jan. 22 in advance of publication in the March issue of the Journal of Urology.

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Heart Function Linked to Exercise Capacity

TUESDAY, Jan. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Left ventricular resting diastolic function is strongly associated with exercise capacity, along with age, sex and body mass index, according to a report in the Jan. 21 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Telephone Follow-Up Effective in Breast Cancer Patients

THURSDAY, Jan. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Among women treated for breast cancer who have a low-to-moderate risk of recurrence, telephone follow-up is a well-received and convenient intervention with no associated physical or psychological drawbacks, according to research published online Jan. 14 in BMJ.

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Imaging Correlates with Exam in Children with Spinal Injury

MONDAY, Jan. 12 (HealthDay News) -- MRI correlates well with the results of a standard international examination to determine neurologic level in children with chronic spinal cord injury, suggesting that MRI may be useful for children unable to participate in the exam, researchers report in the Jan. 1 issue of Spine.

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Family History Doesn't Affect Prostate Cancer Outcomes

FRIDAY, Jan. 9 (HealthDay News) -- In men with clinically localized prostate cancer, treatment outcomes are similar between those with a family history of the disease and those with sporadic disease, according to study findings published in the January issue of the International Journal of Radiation Oncology - Biology - Physics.

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