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January 2016 Briefing - Radiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Radiology for January 2016. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Demand for Medical Office Space High and Increasing

FRIDAY, Jan. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Demand for medical office space for ambulatory care is at a high point and looks likely to continue increasing, according to an article published in Forbes.

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Pre-Op MRI Improves Accuracy for Predicting Extent of DCIS

FRIDAY, Jan. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can add to mammography in predicting the extent of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), according to a study published online Jan. 25 in the Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology.

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Guidance Issued for Endoscopic Management of Foreign Bodies

FRIDAY, Jan. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Guidelines, published online Jan. 25 in the Journal of Digestive Diseases, have been developed for endoscopic management of foreign bodies in the upper gastrointestinal tract.

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AMA Highlights Top Four Issues to Promote in State Legislation

THURSDAY, Jan. 28, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The top four issues that will be promoted in state legislation in 2016 were discussed at the 2016 American Medical Association (AMA) State Legislative Strategy Conference, according to a report published by the AMA.

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~1% of Physicians Account for One-Third of Malpractice Claims

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 27, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A small number of physicians account for a considerable proportion of all paid malpractice claims, according to a study published in the Jan. 28 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Extended Elevated Recurrence Rates for ER-Positive Breast CA

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 27, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Breast cancer patients with estrogen receptor (ER)-positive disease have elevated annualized hazards of recurrence during extended follow-up, according to a study published online Jan. 18 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Possibility for Health Care Legislation Changes in 2016

TUESDAY, Jan. 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Given the current political climate and issues of bipartisan concern, 2016 could see certain changes to health care legislation, according to a report published in Medical Economics.

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Adjuvant Therapy Ups Survival in Small-Cell Lung Cancer

TUESDAY, Jan. 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with early-stage small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) undergoing resection, treatment with adjuvant chemotherapy or chemotherapy with cranial irradiation is associated with improved survival compared with surgery alone, according to a study published online Jan. 18 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Risk of Malignancy Can Be Quantified Using Simple Rules

TUESDAY, Jan. 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Use of ultrasonography features can help identify the risk of malignancy for patients with an adnexal tumor, according to a study published online Jan. 18 in the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Coronary CT Angiography Findings Modify Statin, Aspirin Rx

MONDAY, Jan. 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Knowledge of coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) results is associated with improved alignment of aspirin and statin prescribing with the presence and severity of coronary artery disease (CAD), according to a study published in the Feb. 1 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Guidelines for Appropriate Use of Cardiac Imaging in the ER

MONDAY, Jan. 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- New guidelines, published online Jan. 22 in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, have been developed for assessing the appropriateness of imaging for patients presenting to the emergency department with chest pain.

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Focused Cardiac Ultrasonography Can Discriminate LVSF

FRIDAY, Jan. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Focused cardiac ultrasonographic (FoCUS) examination can be used by trained internal medicine physicians to discriminate normal from reduced left ventricular systolic function (LVSF), according to a study published in the February issue of the Journal of Clinical Ultrasound.

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Slowing Noted in Growth of Cancer Expenditures

THURSDAY, Jan. 21, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- From 1998 to 2012, cancer care expenditures increased at an annualized rate of 2.9 percent, although the growth slowed from 2007, according to a study published online Jan. 15 in Cancer.

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Four Methods Can Diagnose Fetal Nasal Bone Hypoplasia

THURSDAY, Jan. 21, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Four methods can be used for diagnosing fetal nasal bone (NB) hypoplasia in the second trimester in order to predict Down's syndrome, according to a study published online in the February issue of the Journal of Clinical Ultrasound.

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Uptick in CT Scans for Minor Trauma Cases in California

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 20, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The use of computed tomography (CT) on patients with minor trauma doubled in California in recent years, according to a study published in the Journal of Surgical Research.

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Physicians Choose Less Aggressive Care at End of Life

TUESDAY, Jan. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians facing death are less likely to demand aggressive care, according to two research letters published in the Jan. 19 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, a theme issue on death, dying, and end of life.

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Greater Transparency Being Promoted in Research

MONDAY, Jan. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Greater transparency is being promoted in clinical research, according to a health policy brief published online Jan. 14 in Health Affairs.

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Diagnostic Imaging Down With High Deductible Health Plans

FRIDAY, Jan. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. patients whose health insurance plans have high deductibles undergo fewer diagnostic imaging tests, according to a study published in the February issue of Medical Care.

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Incidence of Radiation-Induced Breast Cancer Examined

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 13, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- There is variability in radiation-induced breast cancer incidence and mortality associated with digital mammography screening, according to a study published online Jan. 12 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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False-Positive Mammography Results Are Common

TUESDAY, Jan. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For women undergoing digital mammography screening, false-positive results are common, especially among younger women and those with risk factors, according to research published online Jan. 12 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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USPSTF Recommends Biennial Screening Mammography

MONDAY, Jan. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends biennial screening mammography for women aged 50 to 74 years. These findings form the basis of a final recommendation statement published online Dec. 12 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Polyhydramnios With Normal U/S Linked to Adverse Outcomes

MONDAY, Jan. 11, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Polyhydramnios with normal prenatal detailed ultrasound examination is associated with increased risk for adverse outcomes, including fetal malformations, genetic syndromes, neurologic disorders, and developmental delay, according to a study published online Jan. 11 in Pediatrics.

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Research Supports Annual Mammograms for Elderly Women

FRIDAY, Jan. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Regular mammograms still benefit elderly women, according to research published in the December issue of The American Journal of Medicine.

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Provider Volume Affects Outcome in IMRT for Head, Neck Cancer

THURSDAY, Jan. 7, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with head and neck cancer (HNC) treated with intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), provider volume is associated with outcome, according to a study published online Jan. 4 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Review: Interventions Can Cut Inappropriate Cardiac Imaging

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 6, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Quality improvement interventions that employ physician audit and feedback can reduce inappropriate cardiac imaging, according to a review published online Jan. 5 in Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes.

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