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October 2010 Briefing - Radiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Radiology for October 2010. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Ancillary Aortic Findings May Predict CVD

THURSDAY, Oct. 28 (HealthDay News) -- A prediction model that uses computed tomography (CT) findings of ancillary aortic abnormalities may help physicians identify individuals at high risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD), according to research published in the November issue of Radiology.

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Imaging IDs Insulin Sensitivity Improvement Factors

THURSDAY, Oct. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Assessing adipose body compartments with magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and spectroscopy, researchers have identified factors predictive of improved insulin sensitivity in patients undergoing a lifestyle intervention program; their findings have been published in the November issue of Radiology.

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Radiation-Induced Cancers Still a Threat in Middle Age

THURSDAY, Oct. 28 (HealthDay News) -- While standard models and epidemiological data have suggested that radiation-related cancer risks are higher in children and decrease with increasing age at exposure, mathematical models do not support this for all cancer types, according to research published online Oct. 25 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

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Radiation Oncology Demand Likely to Outstrip Supply

TUESDAY, Oct. 26 (HealthDay News) -- The demand for radiation oncology may grow substantially faster than supply over the next decade, according to research published online Oct. 18 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Primary Care Trails Other Specialties in Hourly Wages

TUESDAY, Oct. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Primary care physicians have substantially lower hourly wages than other specialists, and although most physicians find Medicare reimbursement inequitable, they show little consensus on how to reform it, according to two studies published in the Oct. 25 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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Functional MRI Helps Distinguish Pediatric Mental Disorders

FRIDAY, Oct. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to observe brain activity related to emotional responses and working memory can help distinguish between pediatric bipolar disorder (PBD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), conditions which may have similar symptoms in children, according to a study in the October issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry.

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Spinal Fractures Spotlighted During World Osteoporosis Day

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Spinal fractures worldwide occur at an estimated rate of one every 22 seconds, and health care professionals need to be able to recognize the signs of these fractures in their patients, according to the International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF) report, The Breaking Spine.

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Pattern of MRI Findings Predicts Cognitive Decline

THURSDAY, Oct. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) have more cerebral microhemorrhages and an altered iron distribution on magnetic resonance imaging compared with controls, and analysis using a support vector machine (SVM) may identify patients with MCI at higher risk of cognitive decline, according to research published online Oct. 5 in Radiology.

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Brain Hemisphere Connectivity Differs for Males With Autism

THURSDAY, Oct. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Researchers using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) have identified differences in the way the hemispheres of the brain communicate with each other in males with autism compared with normally developing males, according to a study published online Oct. 12 in Cerebral Cortex.

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Remembered Back Injury Not Predictor for Disc Deterioration

TUESDAY, Oct. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Recollection of a previous back injury does not predict accelerated deterioration of spinal discs, according to a study among identical twins with and without reported prior back injuries, which was published in the Oct. 1 issue of Spine.

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Word Choice Influences Patient Perception of Prognosis

MONDAY, Oct. 11 (HealthDay News) -- The way clinicians explain a patient's back pain may influence the patient's perceived prognosis and uptake of therapy; sticking with language used in radiology reports may be more helpful than using degenerative terms, such as "wear and tear," according to research published in the Oct. 1 issue of Spine.

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Usual Prostate Cancer Therapy Linked to Bone Deterioration

FRIDAY, Oct. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) for prostate cancer is associated with bone deterioration, and a new technology may help identify men at risk for fractures related to this deterioration, according to a study published online Sept. 29 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

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Quality of Life Varies by Prostate Cancer Treatment

FRIDAY, Oct. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Radical prostatectomy, external-beam radiotherapy, and brachytherapy result in several quality-of-life (QoL) issues after prostate cancer treatment in patients not receiving adjuvant hormonal treatment, including either improvement in or worsening of urinary irritative-obstructive symptoms in addition to the more commonly discussed sexual and incontinence issues, according to research published online Oct. 4 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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More Evidence Links Dense Breasts to Later Cancer

THURSDAY, Oct. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Women with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) and mammographically dense breasts may have an increased risk of subsequent breast cancer, particularly in the opposite breast, according to research published in the October issue of Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.

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Diagnostic X-Ray Exposure Linked to Childhood Leukemia

THURSDAY, Oct. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Postnatal diagnostic X-ray exposure may be associated with an increased risk of childhood acute lymphoid leukemia (ALL), specifically B-cell ALL, according to a study published online Oct. 1 in the International Journal of Epidemiology.

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Approach Linked to Better Productivity in Radiology Group

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 6 (HealthDay News) -- Productivity in a general radiology work area can be assessed and improved with group members contributing to the decisions for addressing productivity, according to research published in the October issue of the Journal of the American College of Radiology.

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CT, MRI During Injury-Related ER Visits on the Rise

TUESDAY, Oct. 5 (HealthDay News) -- The use of advanced radiographic techniques during injury-related emergency department visits has increased despite no real change in the number of life-threatening or admission-requiring diagnoses, according to research published in the Oct. 6 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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