September 2015 Briefing - Radiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Radiology for September 2015. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Nomogram Predicts Death, Recurrence With Thyroid Cancer

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 30, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A new nomogram has excellent discriminatory ability and accuracy in predicting 10-year disease-specific death and recurrence for papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), according to a study published online Sept. 2 in Head & Neck.

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Abbreviated MRI Protocol Can Exclude Malignancy After Mammo

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 30, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- An abbreviated magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) protocol can exclude malignancy in women with suspicious X-ray mammography screening, according to a study published online Sept. 29 in Radiology.

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ACP Issues Advice for Assessing Patients With Suspected PE

TUESDAY, Sept. 29, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Best practice advice on diagnosis of suspected pulmonary embolism (PE) is provided for clinicians in clinical guidelines from the American College of Physicians (ACP). The guidelines were published online Sept. 29 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Computer-Aided Mammograms May Not Be Worth the Cost

TUESDAY, Sept. 29, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Computer-aided detection added to mammography may not improve breast cancer detection, a new study contends. The findings appear online Sept. 28 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Many Pulmonologists Under-, Over-Screen With LDCT

MONDAY, Sept. 28, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Almost half of pulmonologists have a propensity for over- or under-use of low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) screening for lung cancer, according to a study published online Sept. 14 in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.

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Preoperative Breast MRI Use Increased From 2003 to 2012

THURSDAY, Sept. 24, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- From 2003 to 2102 there was a significant increase in preoperative breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) use in women with breast cancer, according to a study published online Sept. 24 in JAMA Oncology.

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Health Insurance Deductibles Rising Faster Than Wages

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 23, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Health insurance deductibles have risen more than six times faster than American workers' average wages since 2010, a Kaiser Family Foundation report says.

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IOM: Most U.S. Patients Will Experience Diagnostic Error

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 23, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A new report commissioned by the U.S. government contends that most Americans will encounter at least one diagnostic error in their lifetime, sometimes with severe consequences for their physical and mental health.

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Medical Schools Teaching Students About Costs of Care

TUESDAY, Sept. 22, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Many medical schools are integrating discussions of cost, value, and effectiveness into their curricula, according to Kaiser Health News.

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Radiation Tx Impact Varies With Comorbidity in Prostate Cancer

TUESDAY, Sept. 22, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- For men with unfavorable-risk prostate cancer, the impact of radiotherapy (RT) versus RT plus androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) varies with comorbidity, according to a research letter published in the Sept. 22/29 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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fMRI May Take Guesswork Out of Schizophrenia Rx

TUESDAY, Sept. 22, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) might someday help psychiatrists quickly determine which antipsychotic drugs work best for patients with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder, according to research published online Aug. 28 in The American Journal of Psychiatry.

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Docs in Productivity Models Likely to Encounter Compensation Caps

MONDAY, Sept. 21, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians, especially those working in a productivity model, need to understand compensation caps, which are set at a specific percentile of national pay based on surveys, according to a report in Medical Economics.

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Volunteer Doctors Need to Check Liability Coverage

FRIDAY, Sept. 18, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians who volunteer their medical expertise should consider their legal risks, according to an article published online Sept. 3 in Medical Economics.

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Mid-Morning May Be Best Time for Workday Break

FRIDAY, Sept. 18, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Choosing preferred activities for a work break and taking a break earlier in the shift are linked to more resource recovery after a break, according to a study published online Aug. 10 in the Journal of Applied Psychology.

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'Epidemic of Diagnosis' in Thyroid Cancer

THURSDAY, Sept. 17, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Advanced imaging technology has increased diagnosis rates of thyroid cancer over the past decade; however, nearly one-third of these cases involve people with low-risk tumors, according to a Mayo Clinic study published in the September issue of Thyroid.

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Ipsilateral Breast Event Risk Higher Over Time With DCIS

THURSDAY, Sept. 17, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- The risks of developing an ipsilateral breast event (IBE) and an invasive IBE increased over time for patients with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) who were selected on the basis of favorable clinical and pathologic characteristics for surgical excision without radiation, according to a study published online Sept. 14 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Chemoradiation for Glioblastoma Takes Toll on Brain

THURSDAY, Sept. 17, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Radiation and chemotherapy can cause structural changes in the healthy brain tissue of patients with glioblastoma brain tumors, according to a study published in the Aug. 25 issue of Neurology.

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Substantial Variability Among Clinicians in Imaging Recs

THURSDAY, Sept. 17, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- There is substantial variability between radiologists and technologists in recommendation rates for additional imaging (RAI) during ultrasound interpretation, according to a study published in the October issue of the Journal of Clinical Ultrasound.

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Oncology Care Often Received at Multiple Hospitals

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 16, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Many patients receive surgical and medical oncology care from different hospitals, which is associated with higher costs, according to a study published in the Sept. 15 issue of Cancer.

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Women Less Likely to Be Full Professors Than Men

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 16, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- In academic medicine, women are less likely to be full professors than men and have less startup funding than men, according to two studies published in the Sept. 15 issue of JAMA.

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Case Report Describes Contact Dermatitis From Ultrasound Gel

MONDAY, Sept. 14, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- An atypical presentation of contact dermatitis due to ultrasound gel has been reported in a 67-year-old male patient. The case report was published online Sept. 8 in the Journal of Dermatology.

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Childhood CA Survivors Who Have Stroke at Higher Risk of Second

THURSDAY, Sept. 10, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Childhood cancer survivors who have had one stroke are at high risk for having another, according to a study published online Aug. 26 in Neurology.

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4% Increase in Population of Actively Licensed Physicians

THURSDAY, Sept. 10, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- The total population of actively licensed physicians in the United States and the District of Columbia has increased by 4 percent since 2012, according to a report published in the Journal of Medical Regulation.

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Physician Re-Entry Program Set to Redress Physician Shortage

THURSDAY, Sept. 10, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- An online educational program aims to help physicians get back to work and reduce the nation's physician shortage, according to an article published by the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP).

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ACP Supports Expanded Role of Telemedicine for Health Care

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 9, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Telemedicine can be beneficial, within the framework of an established physician-patient relationship, according to a position paper published online Sept. 8 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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EHR Vendors Not Adhering to Usability Certification Standards

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 9, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Among electronic health record (EHR) products, there is a lack of adherence to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC) standards, according to a research letter published in the Sept. 8 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Accelerated MD Program Doesn't Mar Academic Performance

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 9, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- An accelerated baccalaureate (BA)/doctor of medicine (MD) program does not impair the academic performance of medical students, according to a study published online July 3 in Academic Medicine.

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Dual-Modality DRS-FS Discerns Tumor From Surrounding Tissue

TUESDAY, Sept. 8, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Dual-modality diffuse reflectance spectroscopy-fluorescence spectroscopy (DRS-FS) can differentiate tumor tissue from surrounding tissue in patients undergoing colorectal cancer resection, according to a study published in the September issue of Lasers in Surgery and Medicine.

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Suggested Response Provided for In-Flight Medical Emergencies

FRIDAY, Sept. 4, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- In a review article published online Sept. 3 in the New England Journal of Medicine, guidance is offered for physicians providing emergency in-flight medical care.

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Needle Guide Improves Catheterization of Subclavian Vein

TUESDAY, Sept. 1, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- A multi-angle needle guide can improve ultrasound-guided catheterization of the subclavian vein, according to a study published online Aug. 28 in Anaesthesia.

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