Sugary Drink Consumption May Increase Gout Risk in Men
Diet drinks do not appear to have the same effect
FRIDAY, Feb. 1 (HealthDay News) -- Sugar-sweetened sodas, high-fructose fruit and fruit juices are strongly associated with an increased risk of gout in men, according to research published online Jan. 31 in BMJ Online First.
Hyon K. Choi, M.D., of the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, Canada, and Gary Curhan, M.D., of Harvard Medical School in Boston, conducted a study of 46,393 men with no history of gout who were followed up for a period of 12 years. During this time, 755 cases of gout were diagnosed.
An intake of five to six servings a week of sugar-sweetened sodas was associated with a 1.29 times higher risk of gout compared with intake of less than one serving a month. For one serving a day and two or more servings a day, the relative risk was 1.45 and 1.85, respectively. There was no risk of gout associated with diet sodas. Consumption of fructose-rich fruits and fruit juice also significantly increased the risk of gout.
"The risk of gout posed by the highest fifth of fructose intake was comparable to that seen with alcohol intake of 30 g to 50 g daily reported in this cohort (relative risk, 1.96)," the authors write. "Similarly, the magnitudes of risk posed by sugar-sweetened soft drinks or fruit juices were slightly larger than that of spirits in the same cohort."