Prostate problems are common in men, especially as they grow older. But having one of the many health conditions related to the prostate doesn’t have to mean pain, urinary complications and a lower quality of life. There are a number of steps that you can take to manage prostate problems.
Prostate Cancer Management
When it comes to prostate cancer, there are certain lifestyle choices that may put a man at a greater risk of getting the disease. For example, smoking can raise prostate cancer risk, and obesity may also contribute. There is also some evidence that eating a diet high in red meat and fatty dairy products and low in fruits and vegetables can raise a man's risk of getting prostate cancer. So making modifications to diet, smoking and other lifestyle choices earlier in life may protect the prostate. Research also shows that for men diagnosed with prostate cancer, a healthy diet and a regular exercise routine can help prolong life and reduce the chance of the cancer returning.
In some cases, prostatitis, or inflammation of the prostate that often leads to painful urination, is not a problem that can be prevented. It can be caused by bacteria, and in that case, antibiotics are the best way to manage the illness. Other times, however, prostatitis is not caused by bacteria. Diet modifications and taking warm baths, among other steps, may help relieve the pain in these situations.
Enlarged Prostate Management
If a man has an enlarged prostate, which is known as benign prostatic hyperplasia, or BPH, the strong urge to urinate or problems urinating can have a significant effect on quality of life. There are a number of medications that can relax the muscles of the prostate to help with these symptoms, or actually shrink the prostate when taken regularly. Other non-surgical or surgical procedures can also help a man cope with managing an enlarged prostate.
SOURCES: U.S. National Institute on Aging; American Cancer Society; U.S. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases