January 2011 Briefing - Urology
Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Urology for January 2011. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.
Prostate Cancer in Men Over 70 More Aggressive
MONDAY, Jan. 31 (HealthDay News) -- As men age, parameters that are consistent with more aggressive prostate cancer become prevalent, according to research published in the January issue of The Journal of Urology.
Nocturia Is a Predictive Factor of Mortality
MONDAY, Jan. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Nocturia is a strong predictive factor of mortality in men and women younger than 65, with a dose-response pattern of increased mortality risk with increasing number of nightly voiding episodes, according to a study in the February issue of The Journal of Urology.
Biosensor May ID Antibiotic Susceptibility of Bacteria
FRIDAY, Jan. 28 (HealthDay News) -- A biosensor-based antimicrobial susceptibility test (b-AST) may enable the rapid determination of antibiotic susceptibility of urinary tract pathogens, according to a study published in the January issue of The Journal of Urology.
Trospium Treatment Effective for Overactive Bladder
THURSDAY, Jan. 27 (HealthDay News) -- Treatment with trospium chloride extended-release (XR) in men with an overactive bladder (OAB) is effective and safe, according to a study published in the January issue of Urology.
Resurfacing Offers Help for Lichen Sclerosus of Penis
WEDNESDAY, Jan. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Resurfacing of the glans penis for treatment of lichen sclerosus is a straightforward surgical technique that provides excellent functional and cosmetic results, according to a case series and review published online Jan. 6 in The Journal of Sexual Medicine.
Electronic Health Records May Not Improve Care Quality
WEDNESDAY, Jan. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Electronic health records (EHRs) and clinical decision support (CDS) do not appear to improve the quality of clinical care, according to a study published online Jan. 24 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.
Antioxidant Supplementation May Improve Male Fertility
WEDNESDAY, Jan. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Antioxidant supplementation in subfertile men may increase the likelihood of pregnancy and live births for couples undergoing assisted reproduction techniques, according to a review published online Jan. 19 in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.
Occlusion Devices Prevent Complications With Lithotripsy
FRIDAY, Jan. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Two ureteral occlusive devices, the Stone Cone and the entrapment net (N-Trap), have been found to be effective in reducing complications associated with pneumatic lithotripsy. The Stone Cone proved more effective at preventing proximal stone migration, according to a study published in the January issue of Urology.
Predictors of Discharge Status After Cystectomy Identified
MONDAY, Jan. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Predictors of discharge status after radical cystectomy (RC) include sociodemographic factors, preoperative performance status, comorbidities, and perioperative factors, according to research published in the January issue of The Journal of Urology.
Female Urinary Problems Improve After Gastric Banding
MONDAY, Jan. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Women who lose weight after laparoscopic gastric band (LGB) surgery have significant improvements in symptoms of urinary incontinence (UI), particularly stress incontinence, but urge incontinence worsens, according to research published in the January issue of BJU International.
Poor Pre-Op Nutrition Tied to Mortality Risk After Cystectomy
FRIDAY, Jan. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Nutritional deficiency, as measured by preoperative weight loss, serum albumin, and body mass index (BMI), is a strong predictor of poor overall survival and 90-day mortality in patients undergoing radical cystectomy (RC) for urothelial carcinoma, according to research published in the January issue of The Journal of Urology.
Viewing Flexible Cystoscopy Reduces Pain From Procedure
FRIDAY, Jan. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Patients who view their flexible cystoscopies on a video monitor report less pain than those who do not, according to research published in the January issue of Urology.
CDC Report Highlights Important Health Disparities
THURSDAY, Jan. 13 (HealthDay News) -- Among Americans, disparities in income, race and ethnicity, gender, and other social attributes have an impact on whether an individual is healthy or ill or will die prematurely, according to a report by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, released as a supplement to the Jan. 14 issue of the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.
Men More Open to HPV Vaccine If Framed As Averting Cancer
THURSDAY, Jan. 13 (HealthDay News) -- Men are more willing to receive the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine when they learn that it also prevents HPV-related cancers as opposed to solely genital warts, according to research published in the August issue of Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.
Cost of Cancer Care May Increase 39 Percent by 2020
THURSDAY, Jan. 13 (HealthDay News) -- Estimates and projections of the medical cost of cancer care in the United States through 2020 indicate that this cost may increase by at least 27 percent and potentially up to 39 percent, according to research published online Jan. 12 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.
Dutasteride Enhances Diagnostic Power of PSA Test
WEDNESDAY, Jan. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Dutasteride enhances the efficacy of the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test for diagnosing clinically significant prostate cancer, according to research published in the January issue of The Journal of Urology.
Behavioral Therapy Reduces Incontinence After Surgery
TUESDAY, Jan. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Behavioral therapy may help to significantly reduce persistent postprostatectomy incontinence, according to a study published in the Jan. 12 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.
Burnout Levels Particularly High in Residents
MONDAY, Jan. 10 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence of burnout and risk for burnout are high in physicians, particularly residents, and more than a quarter of anesthesiology chairs meet criteria for high burnout, according to two articles published in the January issue of Anesthesiology.
Male Circumcision Reduces HPV Transmission
FRIDAY, Jan. 7 (HealthDay News) -- In HIV-negative individuals, male circumcision appears to reduce the transmission of high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infection to female partners, according to research published online Jan. 7 in The Lancet.
Exercise Linked to Lower Mortality in Prostate Cancer
WEDNESDAY, Jan. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Among men with prostate cancer (PCa), physical activity appears to be associated with lower overall mortality risk and a lower risk of PCa mortality, according to a study published online Jan. 4 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.
α-Blockers/Antibiotics May Be Best for Prostatitis
TUESDAY, Jan. 4 (HealthDay News) -- A combination of α-blockers and antibiotics may result in the greatest relief in symptoms for people with chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS), according to a literature analysis published in the Jan. 5 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.