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June 2006 Briefing - Urology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Urology for June 2006. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Renal Tumor Location Affects Laparoscopy Outcome

THURSDAY, June 29 (HealthDay News) -- Kidney cancer patients who undergo laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) for exophytic or mesophytic renal masses have significantly fewer complications than patients with different types of renal masses, according to a report in the June issue of Urology.

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Fear Often Drives Decisions of Prostate Cancer Patients

THURSDAY, June 29 (HealthDay News) -- Men with prostate cancer tend to make treatment decisions based on fears, misconceptions and anecdotes rather than on clinical facts, according to a report published online June 26 in Cancer.

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Having Biological Brothers Linked to Male Homosexuality

THURSDAY, June 29 (HealthDay News) -- Having more biological older brothers, regardless of the amount of time spent raised together, is associated with male homosexuality, suggesting a prenatal origin to sexual orientation, according to a report published online June 28 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Early Edition.

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Antioxidant May Cut Contrast Dye-Induced Nephropathy

WEDNESDAY, June 28 (HealthDay News) -- In myocardial infarction patients undergoing primary angioplasty, intravenous and oral doses of the antioxidant N-acetylcysteine may help prevent contrast-medium-induced nephropathy and improve outcomes, according to a study published in the June 29 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Viagra Helps Cyclists' Exercise Performance at High Altitude

TUESDAY, June 27 (HealthDay News) -- Sildenafil (Viagra) may improve exercise performance in men cycling at conditions similar to those found at high altitudes, but does not affect performance at sea level, according to a report in the June issue of the Journal of Applied Physiology.

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ACE Inhibitor Helps Heart Patients With Kidney Problems

MONDAY, June 26 (HealthDay News) -- The angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor trandolapril may improve survival for some heart patients with kidney problems, according to a report published online June 26 in Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

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First Generic Version of Simvastatin Gets FDA Approval

MONDAY, June 26 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved the first generic version of simvastatin (Zocor), the second most widely prescribed statin in the United States, to treat hypercholesterolemia. The FDA also recently approved generic versions of Proscar, Propecia and Lamictal.

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Obesity Linked to Poor Outcome After Prostate Cancer

MONDAY, June 26 (HealthDay News) -- Obese prostate cancer patients are more likely than non-obese patients to have biochemical failure or clinical recurrence of their disease after radiotherapy, according to a report published online June 26 in Cancer.

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Painful Bladder Syndrome Definition May Be Insufficient

FRIDAY, June 23 (HealthDay News) -- Many patients with recent-onset interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome do not meet the International Continence Society (ICS) definition, according to a study published in the June issue of Urology.

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Minimally Invasive Procedure Can Cure Testicular Cancer

FRIDAY, June 23 (HealthDay News) -- High-intensity focused ultrasonography (HIFU) combined with radiation treatment can eradicate testicular cancer in a minimally invasive way, according to a study of seven patients in the June issue of Urology.

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Polyunsaturated Fat May Cut Risk of Enlarged Prostate

THURSDAY, June 22 (HealthDay News) -- Polyunsaturated fatty acid consumption may reduce the risk of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), while starch consumption may increase the risk, according to the results of a case-control study published in the June issue of Urology.

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Androgen Deprivation Therapy Use Varies Among Urologists

WEDNESDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- There is a substantial variation in use of androgen deprivation therapy for prostate cancer by urologists, and the chance that a patient will receive the therapy may be more dependent on which doctor they see than on their tumor characteristics, according to a report in the June 21 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

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FDA Warns About Reusable Ultrasound Biopsy Equipment

WEDNESDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has issued a warning to health care professionals to properly clean and sterilize reusable ultrasound biopsy transducer assemblies to avoid patient infections due to contaminated equipment.

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High Urinary Cadmium Linked to Breast Cancer Risk

WEDNESDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- Women with high levels of cadmium in their urine have more than twice the risk of developing breast cancer than women with the lowest levels, according to a study in the June 21 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

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Genomic Defects Found in Sperm as Men Age

MONDAY, June 12 (HealthDay News) -- As males age, the quality of their sperm declines as do their chances of achieving a pregnancy, according to a study published online June 9 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Early Edition. Aging in males is associated with a greater risk of having offspring with certain genetic conditions, but not others, such as Down syndrome. In addition, genetic defects cannot be inferred from conventional measures of semen quality.

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Male Sexual Dysfunction Can Occur After Hernia Operation

FRIDAY, June 9 (HealthDay News) -- About 3 percent of men who have undergone inguinal herniorrhaphy experience pain that moderately or severely affects their sexual function, according to a study in the June issue of Pain.

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Online Course Launched to Focus on Gender, Health Issues

WEDNESDAY, June 7 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration Office of Women's Health and the National Institutes of Health Office of Research on Women's Health have launched a new online course that is aimed at clinicians and highlights how illness and health outcomes differ between males and females.

More Information -- FDA
The Science of Sex and Gender in Human Health

Drug Effective in Treating Metastatic Renal Carcinoma

TUESDAY, June 6 (HealthDay News) -- Oral sunitinib is effective in treating metastatic renal cell carcinoma refractory to cytokine therapy, according to a study in the June 7 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Age, Education, Affect When U.S. Men Become Fathers

FRIDAY, June 2 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. men agree with women when reporting whether their children were wanted, mistimed or unwanted at the time of conception, but how and when they become fathers is heavily influenced by age, education, income and ethnicity, according to a new comprehensive report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Chronic Kidney Disease Linked to Cardiovascular Disease

FRIDAY, June 2 (HealthDay News) -- Chronic kidney disease is strongly associated with risk for myocardial infarction and cardiovascular disease-related mortality, according to the May issue of the European Heart Journal.

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