HealthDay operates under the strictest editorial standards. Our syndicated news content is completely independent of any financial interests, is based solely on industry-respected sources and the latest scientific research, and is carefully fact-checked by a team of industry experts to ensure accuracy.
- All articles are edited and checked for factual accuracy by our Editorial Team prior to being published.
- Unless otherwise noted, all articles focusing on new research are based on studies published in peer-reviewed journals or issued from independent and respected medical associations, academic groups and governmental organizations.
- Each article includes a link or reference to the original source.
- Any known potential conflicts of interest associated with a study or source are made clear to the reader.
Please see our Editorial and Fact-Checking Policy for more detail.Editorial and Fact-Checking Policy
HealthDay Editorial Commitment
HeathDay is committed to maintaining the highest possible levels of impartial editorial standards in the content that we present on our website. All of our articles are chosen independent of any financial interests. Editors and writers make all efforts to clarify any financial ties behind the studies on which we report.
TUESDAY, July 26, 2022 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends that clinicians individualize the decision to offer counseling interventions for healthy diet and physical activity to their patients without cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. These recommendations form the basis of a final recommendation statement published in the July 26 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.
Carrie D. Patnode, Ph.D., M.P.H., from Kaiser Permanente Evidence-based Practice Center in Portland, Oregon, and colleagues conducted a systematic review to synthesize the evidence on the benefits and harms of behavioral counseling interventions to promote a healthy diet and physical activity among adults without known CVD risk factors. Data were included from 113 randomized controlled trials (RCTs), with 129,993 participants. Three RCTs reported CVD-related outcomes. In one study, no difference was observed between the groups for any CVD outcome. In a combined analysis of two RCTs with 1,203 participants, there was a significant association of the intervention with nonfatal CVD events and fatal CVD events at four years (hazard ratios, 0.27 and 0.31, respectively). Small, statistically significant reductions were seen in continuous measures of blood pressure, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol level, and other outcomes for diet and physical activity behavioral counseling interventions versus control conditions at six months to 1.5 years of follow up.
Based on these findings, the USPSTF concludes that behavioral counseling interventions have a small net benefit on CVD risk in adults without CVD risk factors with moderate certainty (C statement). Clinicians should individualize the decision to offer or refer adults to behavioral counseling interventions to promote a healthy diet and physical activity.
"When determining which patients might benefit from counseling interventions, health care professionals should consider the patient's goals and motivations, activity, and ability," a task force member said in a statement.
This story may be outdated. We suggest some alternatives.
The content contained in this article is over two years old. As such our recommendation is that you reference the articles below for the latest updates on this topic. This article has been left on our site as a matter of historic record. Please contact us at email@example.com with any questions.
Updated on July 26, 2022