Menopause and Postmenopause News

Menopause refers to the time when a woman’s menstrual period stops. Medically, a woman is said to have experienced menopause when no period has occurred for one year. Menopause occurs, on average, at age 51. The time leading up to menopause, when a woman may experience her period only occasionally, is known as perimenopause, and the time after menopause is called postmenopause.

Menopause is a normal part of life, but the changes that it brings can lead to a number of symptoms and complications in the postmenopausal years.

Symptoms of Menopause

Along with the end of menstrual periods, a number of other things can occur at the time of menopause. Changes in estrogen levels can lead to hot flashes, a hot feeling in the upper part of the body, as well as mood changes and feelings of dryness in the vagina. Women may also have trouble getting a good night’s sleep.

In the years that follow, the changes in estrogen levels can lead to other complications. Women may find that they're losing muscle or that their skin gets thinner. Urinary tract infections may become more frequent, and bladder function may decline. Osteoporosis, or weakened bones, becomes a greater risk, as does heart disease.

Treatments

Though these changes can be frustrating, women can do a number of things to maintain their health in the menopausal and postmenopausal years: eating a healthy diet, not smoking, exercising regularly and talking to their doctor about vitamin supplements and medications. Although menopausal hormone therapy to replace some of the hormones lost during menopause can help with symptoms of menopause, it does pose risks, so women should have a conversation with their doctor about this option.

SOURCES: Office on Women's Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; U.S. National Institute on Aging

Date Posted
Article Title
11/1/2017
10/26/2017
10/11/2017
Hormone Therapy May Be OK for Women With Migraines

Heightened risk of stroke not borne out in preliminary study

10/11/2017
Talk Therapy May Help Menopause Woes

Sleep problems, depression eased in small study

9/12/2017
Widening Waistlines May Raise Women's Cancer Risk

Belly fat after menopause may boost risk of lung, gastrointestinal cancers, researchers report

9/12/2017
Could Hormone Supplements for Menopause Make a Comeback?

New study suggests the therapy won't increase risk of early death

9/7/2017
Sleepless Nights Plague Many Women in Middle Age

Phases in and around menopause play a big role in insomnia, CDC study finds

8/28/2017
Could an Estrogen Patch Boost Women's Sex Lives in Menopause?

Study suggests that, given this way, short-term use of the hormone may help those who report symptoms

8/28/2017
Women at Risk for Alzheimer's Face Critical 10-Year Window, Study Says

If your genes predispose you to the illness, 65 to 75 may be high-risk years

8/1/2017
Gum Disease May Be Linked to Cancer Risk in Older Women

Esophageal, breast and lung cancer, among others, seen in postmenopausal women in large study

7/21/2017
Estrogen May Influence Women's Depression Risk

Early menstruation, more frequent periods seem to make sad times less likely, researchers suggest

7/19/2017
Early Menopause May Be Tied to Type 2 Diabetes

When periods stop before 40, risk is 4 times greater compared to late menopause, study suggests

6/29/2017
Many Women Mistaken on 'Side Effects' of Breast Cancer Drug

Study shows that normal symptoms of menopause are often blamed on tamoxifen

6/27/2017
Health Tip: Exercise During Menopause

It helps combat these common problems

6/7/2017
Excess Alcohol May Speed Muscle Loss in Older Women

After menopause, frequent drinkers had four times the risk of sarcopenia, study found

5/31/2017
Obese Women May Have More Intense Hot Flashes

Body fat might trap heat inside the body, researchers say

5/16/2017
Hormone Therapy Not Advised for Preventing Disease After Menopause

Benefits of treatment don't outweigh the risks, U.S. task force reiterates

5/15/2017
Timing of Menopause May Affect Heart Failure Risk

Women whose periods end early and those who never give birth seem at added risk, research suggests

5/12/2017
Hormone Replacement Therapy Tied to Hearing Loss

Older age at menopause also appeared to increase the risk, study found

4/13/2017
Early Onset Hot Flashes May Signal Higher Heart Risks

Study found link between menopausal symptoms in younger women and reduced blood vessel function

3/29/2017
Trauma as a Teen May Boost Depression Risk Around Menopause

Likelihood was more than twice as high, study reports

2/16/2017
Post-Menopausal? Give Exercise a Try

Study participants were fitter, felt better -- and were less bothered by hot flashes

2/16/2017
HRT Won't Lower Women's Alzheimer's Risk, Study Finds

There was some hint that long-term hormone therapy might have a benefit, but results weren't definitive

2/1/2017
Better Sleep Could Mean Better Sex for Older Women

Study found links between too little shuteye and less sexual satisfaction, especially around menopause

1/31/2017
Fat Near the Heart a Hazard for Postmenopausal Women

Study ties 'paracardial' fat to raised risk of hardening of the arteries

1/25/2017
Premature or Early Menopause More Likely in Women Without Kids: Study

Odds also greater if monthly periods started at 11 or younger, researchers say

12/13/2016
Another Menopause Side Effect: Shortness of Breath?

New research suggests lung function can decline significantly

11/17/2016
Intrarosa Approved for Post-Menopausal Pain During Sex

Drug contained in a once-daily insert

11/11/2016
Menopause Before 40? Risk of Broken Bones May Be Higher

And traditional preventive treatments don't erase added danger, new study suggests

11/9/2016
Memory Can Fade After Menopause

But women still outperform men, researchers report

11/2/2016
Menopause and a Decline in Intimacy

Researchers identify timing, but it can vary by race and ethnicity

10/19/2016
Researchers Identify Genes Linked to Hot Flashes

Mutations found in women of all races, ethnicities

10/12/2016
More Evidence Menopause 'Brain Fog' Is Real

Study found memory skills tend to drop as estrogen levels dip, at ages 45 to 55

10/6/2016
Fitful Sleep May Take Toll on Older Women's Hearts

Before and after menopause, less sleep linked to plaque buildup in blood vessels, study found

9/28/2016
Hot Flashes, Mood Woes?

Study found women who believed they had frequent episodes at night more likely to be mildly depressed

9/15/2016
Early Menopause Linked to Higher Heart Disease, Death Risks

Findings highlight need for certain women to discuss hormone therapy with their doctor, researchers say

8/16/2016
Injected Drug May Help Fight Osteoporosis in Women

Abaloparatide appears to reduce fractures better than the current drug Forteo, researchers say

8/3/2016
Heart Risk Factors Rise Before Menopause

'Danger zone' for women earlier than thought, study finds

7/27/2016
Later Start, Finish to Menstruation May Extend Women's Lives

Those with this pattern were more likely to live past 90, study suggests

7/26/2016
Menopause Hastens Aging, Studies Suggest

Researchers found it boosted cellular aging by an average of 6 percent

7/22/2016
Menopause: Not All Hot Flashes Are Created Equal

Weight, race, education and lifestyle all affect timing, duration of symptoms, research indicates

7/19/2016
Hormone Therapy Won't Help Memory After Menopause

5-year study found no difference in thinking skills, with or without estrogen treatment

4/25/2016
Female Pelvis Widens, Then Shrinks Over a Lifetime, Study Finds

Timing of shifts, at puberty and menopause, suggest that estrogen is steering changes, researcher says

4/15/2016
Widely Used Type 2 Diabetes Drug May Reduce Cancer Death Risk

Older women taking metformin saw a boost in survival, study suggests

4/12/2016
What Women Should Do to Guard Against Vision Loss

They're more likely than men to lose sight from cataracts, glaucoma and other eye diseases, experts say

4/4/2016
'Paleo' Diet May Help Older Women's Hearts, Waistlines

Trendy eating plan may cut cholesterol, disease risks in postmenopausal women, Swedish research suggests

2/22/2016
Estrogen for Vaginal Symptoms OK for Breast Cancer Survivors: Experts

New recommendation is aimed at women who are fighting or have survived a hormone-linked tumor

1/22/2016
Migraines May Worsen as Menopause Approaches

Researchers say hormonal changes and painkiller overuse may be to blame

1/20/2016
Sham Acupuncture Equals Real Acupuncture for Hot Flashes: Study

Researchers say placebo effect likely played a role in results

1/6/2016
Can Early Menopause Trigger Depression Later in Life?

Research suggests longer estrogen exposure might have protective effect